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Wifi On Kali Linux | Tp Link Tl-Wn821N

How to Enable WLAN0 for WIFI Connection on Kali Linux

Introduction to Kali Linux Connect to WiFi

The following article provides an outline for Kali Linux Connect to Wifi. Today’s wireless network is one of the most important eras and we can say that most large-scale companies enhanced their authentication and data security. We know Kali Linux is basically used for penetration testing, so data security is one of the most important concerns for Kali Linux users. We can say how they can maintain the security of their data when we connect virtual networks through the WiFi Network.

Key Takeaways

  • WiFi connection is very simple in Kali Linux which means we can easily enable or disable the connection.
  • It provides a different mode for WiFi connection.
  • One of the most important points is that we can also connect the WiFi to the Virtual Box through the network adapter.

Overview of Kali Linux Connect to WiFi

Nowadays wireless networks are more normal in open regions and large companies, requiring security upgrades to oversee credibility and classification. A wireless network empowers members to remain associated with the organization while wandering without the requirement for wires. Since passages enhance WiFi signals, a machine can be far away from a switch yet be associated with the organization. You associate with that foundation’s wireless network when you connect to a WiFi area of interest in a bistro or other public setting.

Radio Recurrence innovation works in a wireless network, a recurrence connected with radio wave transmission inside the electromagnetic range. Whenever an RF current is sent into a radio wire, it makes an electromagnetic field that can go over space. The vast majority know about the remote symbol sign on a PC or telephone that connotes a sound remote LAN association, yet few are familiar with the vestige of WiFi innovation.

How to Connect Kali Linux to WiFi?

Now let’s see how we can connect to WiFi as follows:

Basically, there is a different method to connect to the WiFi in Kali Linux.

  1. First, we need to open the system menu.
  2. Here we need to select the WiFi, here we got two different statuses such as Connected or Not Connected.
  3. According to the status, we need to select the network.
  4. Click on the connect button.
  5. After that, we need to put in my username and password.
  6. Now check the internet connection.

Modes to Connect Kali Linux to WiFi

Basically, there are different modes to connect to WiFi:

Graphical Mode

Basically, it is normally processed to connect to WiFi the same as other systems. First, we need to identify the network icon on our system as shown in the below screenshot.

In the above screenshot, we can see the network icon before the sound icon. After that, we need to right-click on that icon, where we can see the different options, such as enable networking, enable WiFi, and many more as shown in the below screenshot.

After clicking on the enabled button, we can see all the available network options and click on any name which we want to connect as shown below.

Text Mode to Connect to WiFi

This is another mode to connect WiFi networks. Text mode means we can connect WiFi through the terminal with the help of commands as below.

First, we need to execute the iwlist command to all available networks as shown in the below screenshot.

Available network options totally depend on the quality of the network; if we want to see all available network options in the human understandable format then we need to execute the grep command. There is another mode to connect WiFi through the nmcli command same as the above mode.

How to Enable and Disable Kali Linux Connection to WiFi?

There are two ways to enable and disable WiFi as below:

GUI Method to Enable or Disable WiFi

First, we need to right-click on the network icon, here we can see the enable or disable option as per our requirement we can enable as shown in the screenshot.

If we want to disable the WiFi network, then we just need to click on the Enable WiFi button as shown in the screenshot below.

Now let’s assume our WiFi adapter is enabled then we can see the available network list and as per WiFi network quality and name, we can connect the WiFi network as shown in the below screenshot.

After clicking on the WiFi name, it asks for the username and password for the first time.

Second Option is Command Line

In this method we can use the terminal to enable and disable the WiFi connection, if we want to check the network connection then we need to execute ip a command, which is shown in the below screenshot.

Suppose we need to disable the WiFi connection then we need to use the below command as follows.

Command:


$sudo ifconfig specified wifi name down

Output:

To enable it we need to use the below command as shown in the below screenshot.

Command:


$sudo ifconfig specified wifi name up

Output:

After execution, we can see the status in the below screenshot.

Cannot Connect to WiFi in Solution

  • They can’t be Utilized in Virtual Machines: Kali inside a VM doesn’t see the implicit WiFi card of your PC as a WiFi connector yet will consider it to be an Ethernet connector. Subsequently, you can have full web access, however, you can’t bundle infusion or spot the WiFi card into screen mode.
  • In-built Cards are not Appropriate for Hacking: In that frame of mind, there are two fundamental factors that we pay special attention to In connectors. That is ‘parcel disease’ and ‘screen mode.’ Tragically, the greater part of the inherent connectors supports none of these two highlights.

Kali Linux Connects to WiFi VMware

First, we need to go to the Virtual Box menu where we have the Device command inside the Device. We need to click on USB and select our adapter as shown in the below screenshot.

We also have another option to connect to WiFi that is automatic and can connect to WiFi with help of the below steps as follows.

  1. First, shut down the machine.
  2. Now connect the USB adapter to our machine.
  3. Now right-click on Virtual Machine and select the option and do the configuration as per requirement and save the setting.

FAQs

Given below are the FAQs mentioned:

Does Kali Linux support WiFi connectivity?

Answer: Yes, Kali Linux supports WiFi connectivity as well as with the same network we can do the penetration testing.

Can we connect to WiFi through the mobile phone?

Answer: There is no option which means we can’t use a mobile phone as an adapter, so in this case, we need to separate the wireless card from the chip.

Can we use dongles for Kali Linux?

Answer: Yes, we can use dongles for WiFi connectivity; Panda 300 Mbps USB adapter supports the Kali Linux distro with a maximum transfer rate of 300 Mbps. This device supports almost all Linux distros.

Conclusion

From the above article, we have taken in the essential idea of Kali Linux connect to WiFi and the representation of Kali Linux connect to WiFi. From this article, we saw how and when we use Kali Linux.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Kali Linux Connect to WiFi. Here we discuss the introduction, modes to connect, and how to enable and disable kali linux connection to WiFi. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

The objective of this guide is to show how to enable and disable the WiFi on Kali Linux. This can be done either by GUI or command line, and we’ll be showing the step by step instructions for both methods in this tutorial. This will be helpful if you’re having trouble connecting to a wireless router, or you plan to do some WiFi scanning and cracking with Aircrack-ng, for example.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to enable and disable WiFi via GUI and command line on Kali Linux
Category Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used
System Kali Linux
Software N/A
Other Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the
Conventions # – requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of

$ – requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

How to Enable WiFi adapter in Kali Linux

Disabling Wifi Adapter may be one of the reasons why you cannot see the wireless device and available networks in the list. To enable the Wifi Adapter in Kali Linux, enter the Kali Linux terminal environment and execute the following command:


sudo ifconfig wlan0 up

By running the previous command, you should access a list of available networks, otherwise, it is better to restart the Kali Linux operating system.

The WiFi adapter is used when connecting to the WiFi network, so in the same way, we explained earlier, you must enable the Kali Linux Wifi and enter the password of the Wifi network and connect to the desired network. It should be noted that usually when Kali Linux is used in virtual environments, not recognizing the wireless adapter is one of the common concerns that using an external adapter can solve your problem.

Of course, if executing the command we provided and restarting the Kali Linux system does not affect activating your WiFi adapter, consider using an external adapter as one of the solutions. Although the use of Kali Linux in virtual environments does not require a wireless adapter, if you are using a physical system, enabling the wireless adapter can be an important factor in improving WiFi performance.

How to Enable WLAN0 for WIFI Connection on Kali Linux
How to Enable WLAN0 for WIFI Connection on Kali Linux

Enable and disable WiFi in Kali Linux via GUI

How to connect to WiFi in KDE, GNOME, and Xfce desktop environments are almost similar to each other. Follow the steps below to enable or disable WiFi in the Kali Linux desktop environment.

First, find the network icon in the Taskbar, which is located on the right side and at the top of the screen next to the clock icon.

Then, by right-clicking on the Network icon, if you want to connect to WiFi, select “Enable Wi-Fi” among the options.

If you want to disable the WiFi connection, check the Disable WiFi option.

After the WiFi adapter is activated, single-click on the Network icon and select the WiFi you want to connect from among the available WiFi networks.

By selecting the desired WiFi network, a window will open asking for the password to connect to the WiFi network. After entering the password, click on the “connect” button to complete the process. Then, by clicking on the Network icon, you will have access to the WiFi network and the Internet.

To view connection details, after connecting to WiFi, right-click on the Network icon from the menu of the Network icon, select “Connection Information” and view information about the WiFi network and your connections.

Troubleshooting command for when Wifi device drivers are not detected

In Kali Linux, this problem is not common, but if you encounter this issue, you can use the following command to troubleshoot:


sudo apt install kali-linux-wireless

Of course, this problem may be related to the failure of your wireless card, so it is better to identify your network device name first so that you can make the necessary settings:


iwconfig

After identifying the name of your network device, run the following command:


ifconfig [wireless card name ] up

How to Connect Kali Linux to WiFi on Virtualbox
How to Connect Kali Linux to WiFi on Virtualbox

Using the terminal, enable and disable WiFi networking in Kali Linux.

In Kali Linux, you can connect to the desired WiFi network using various commands. We will show you how to connect to wifi in Kali using the command line.

  • Connect to a WiFi network using iwlist.

To connect to a network in the terminal environment, the first step is to scan and locate available networks. The iwlist command can assist you in this regard:

iwlist wlan0 scan

The output displays available networks; to connect to the selected network, use the grep command to get a more usable output and connect to the target network more simply. Because we will be accessing the ESSID (Extended Service Set Identifier) network in this tutorial, use the following command to obtain the output of ESSID networks:

iwlist wlan0 scan | grep ESSID

After you’ve identified the networks and accessed the network you wish to connect to, you can use several instructions to connect to it.

wifi-honey Usage Example

Broadcast the given ESSID (

FreeWiFi

) on channel 6 () using the wireless interface (

wlan0

):


root@kali:~# wifi-honey FreeWiFi 6 wlan0

Packages and Binaries:

wifi-honey

In the case of WPA/WPA2, by running airodump-ng along side this you also end up capturing the first two packets of the four way handshake and so can attempt to crack the key with either aircrack-ng or coWPAtty.

What this script does is to automate the setup process, it creates five monitor mode interfaces, four are used as APs and the fifth is used for airodump-ng. To make things easier, rather than having five windows all this is done in a screen session which allows you to switch between screens to see what is going on. All sessions are labelled so you know which is which.

Installed size:

16 KB

How to install:

sudo apt install wifi-honey

Dependencies:
  • aircrack-ng
  • screen
wifi-honey


root@kali:~# wifi-honey --help Found 2 processes that could cause trouble. Kill them using 'airmon-ng check kill' before putting the card in monitor mode, they will interfere by changing channels and sometimes putting the interface back in managed mode PID Name 666 NetworkManager 801920 dhclient Requested device "wlan0" does not exist. Run /usr/sbin/airmon-ng without any arguments to see available interfaces Found 2 processes that could cause trouble. Kill them using 'airmon-ng check kill' before putting the card in monitor mode, they will interfere by changing channels and sometimes putting the interface back in managed mode PID Name 666 NetworkManager 801920 dhclient Requested device "wlan0" does not exist. Run /usr/sbin/airmon-ng without any arguments to see available interfaces Found 2 processes that could cause trouble. Kill them using 'airmon-ng check kill' before putting the card in monitor mode, they will interfere by changing channels and sometimes putting the interface back in managed mode PID Name 666 NetworkManager 801920 dhclient Requested device "wlan0" does not exist. Run /usr/sbin/airmon-ng without any arguments to see available interfaces Found 2 processes that could cause trouble. Kill them using 'airmon-ng check kill' before putting the card in monitor mode, they will interfere by changing channels and sometimes putting the interface back in managed mode PID Name 666 NetworkManager 801920 dhclient Requested device "wlan0" does not exist. Run /usr/sbin/airmon-ng without any arguments to see available interfaces Found 2 processes that could cause trouble. Kill them using 'airmon-ng check kill' before putting the card in monitor mode, they will interfere by changing channels and sometimes putting the interface back in managed mode PID Name 666 NetworkManager 801920 dhclient Requested device "wlan0" does not exist. Run /usr/sbin/airmon-ng without any arguments to see available interfaces

Updated on: 2023-Dec-01

I will own your WiFi with one Kali Linux command
I will own your WiFi with one Kali Linux command

Select Quit and press Enter to exit the nmtui command prompt.

Another way to connect to a WiFi network is to use the ip command. To access the desired WiFi adapter name and connection details (if you were already connected to a network), enter the following command in the terminal environment:


$ ip a

If you want to disable your WiFi connection, run the following command:


sudo ip link set dev [name of desired WiFi ] down

Also, to enable WiFi by Backupping your desired adapter run the following command:


sudo ip link set dev [name of desired WiFi ] up

You can run the

ip a

command again to check the WiFi connection.

Enable and disable WiFi Networking in Kali Linux through the terminal

You can use different commands to connect to the desired WiFi in Kali Linux. We will teach different methods about connect to wifi in kali using command line.

  • Connect to WiFi network through iwlist

The first step to connect to a network in the terminal environment is to scan and identify available networks. Running the iwlist command can help you in this regard:


iwlist wlan0 scan

Available networks are displayed in the output, to connect to the desired network, you can use the grep command to get a more useful output and connect to the desired network more easily. In this tutorial, we are going to access the ESSID (Extended Service Set Identifier) network, for this reason, use the following command to provide the output of ESSID networks:


iwlist wlan0 scan | grep ESSID

After you identify the networks and access the network you want to connect to, you can connect to it using various commands.

Connect Kali Linux to WiFi via nmcli command

To control NetworkManager and connect to the network, using the nmcli command is a simple and practical method. To run the nmcli command, you need to enter the network name and password in the following format:


nmcli d wifi connect [The desired network name ] password [The desired network password]

By executing the above command, you will be connected to the desired network. If you need help about the nmcli command, you can refer to its man page .

Connect to WiFi in Kali Linux via nmtui command

The nmtui command, like the nmcli command, provides the ability to control NetworkManager. To connect to the desired WiFi network, type the following command:


nmtui

After running the above command, the menu you see in the image below will be displayed for you, you must select the “Activate a connection” option using the keyboard and then press the Enter button.

In the menu that will be displayed again, you will see the available networks, select the desired option using the keyboard and then press Enter.

To connect, it is enough to have access to the Internet in advance, and finally, you must now have access to the WiFi network you want.

After connecting to the desired network, select the Back option and then press Enter.

To exit the nmtui command prompt, select Quit and press Enter.

  • Connect to the WiFi network through the ip command

Another way to connect to a WiFi network is to use the ip command. To access the desired WiFi adapter name and connection details (if you were already connected to a network), enter the following command in the terminal environment:


$ ip a

If you want to disable your WiFi connection, run the following command:


$ sudo ip link set dev [name of desired WiFi ] down

Also, to enable WiFi by Backupping your desired adapter run the following command:


$ sudo ip link set dev [name of desired WiFi ] up

You can run the

ip a

command again to check the WiFi connection.

Hack WIFI using Kali Linux 100% working | Practical Demo | #makeeasy
Hack WIFI using Kali Linux 100% working | Practical Demo | #makeeasy

Connecting to Wi-Fi With Kali Using nmtui:

The nmtui command is a curses-based tool that allows you to control NetworkManager in an interactive mode.

To run it, simply execute the command below:

The following menu will show up. Use your keyboard arrows to select “Activate a connection” and press ENTER:

The next screen will show all available networks. Again, use your keyboard arrows to select the network you want to connect to and press ENTER:

The connection will be established. You already must have internet access:

Once connected, select Back and press ENTER:

Move to Quit, and press Enter to leave nmtui:

Use the nmtui command to connect to WiFi in Kali Linux.

Like the nmcli command, the nmtui command allows you to control NetworkManager. Type the following command to connect to the selected WiFi network:

nmtui

  • After running the above command, the menu shown in the image below will be presented for you; use the keyboard to pick the “Activate a connection” option and then press the Enter button.
  • You will see the various networks in the menu that will be displayed again; select the desired choice using the keyboard and then click Enter.
  • To connect, you must first have access to the Internet, and then you must have access to the WiFi network you desire.
  • After connecting to the appropriate network, hit Enter and then select the Back option.
  • Select Quit and press Enter to exit the nmtui command prompt.
How To Connect Wifi With Kali Linux in VMware | wifi connected successfully | @TechnicalRehmanAzam
How To Connect Wifi With Kali Linux in VMware | wifi connected successfully | @TechnicalRehmanAzam

Connecting to Wi-Fi With Kali Using nmcli:

The nmcli command allows us to control the NetworkManager from the command line and using it is pretty simple. The following example shows how to connect to a network named LinuxHintkali, whose password is linuxhintpass.

After scanning and identifying your network with the iwlist command explained previously, run the command below, replacing LinuxHintkali with the ESSID of the network you want to connect to, and replacing linuxhintpass with its password:

As you can see, the connection was established properly.

You can get additional information on nmcli at its man page https://linux.die.net/man/1/nmcli.

The Alfa AWUS036ACH 802.11ac AC1200 Wide-Range USB 3.0 Wireless Adapter with External Antenna

Khi dùng con card này thì cần cài đặt Driver cho nó thông qua 2 câu lệnh sau đây

apt updateapt install realtek-rtl88xxau-dkms

Link Amazon: Alfa Long-Range Dual-Band Ac1200 Wireless USb 3.0 Wi-Fi Adapter W/2X 5Dbi External Antennas , 2.4Ghz 300Mbps/5Ghz 867Mbps , 802.11Ac & A, B, G, N Price: $42.49

Why is my Kali Linux not connecting to Wi-Fi? 😱 // 100% Problem FIXED!
Why is my Kali Linux not connecting to Wi-Fi? 😱 // 100% Problem FIXED!

Why is Kali Linux Enable WiFi not showing

One of the problems that Kali Linux users may face is the failure to show Enable WiFi in Kali Linux. This problem arises based on different software and hardware configuration of users’ systems, but some solutions can solve this problem.

To solve this problem, while the Kali Linux system uses the internal WiFi adapter, you need to identify the driver that the adapter uses. For this purpose, enter the following command:


lspci -nnk | grep -iA2 net

By running the previous command, you will get complete information about the network adapters on your Kali Linux system. After knowing the desired adapter, you must run the

modprobe

command to load the desired driver.

For example, if the ath9k_htc drive is used for the adapter, the command you must run to load the desired drive will be as follows:


modprobe ath9k_htc

After executing the previous command, your problem should be solved and you can access a list of enabled WiFi networks. If your problem is not solved, you can solve your problem by installing the firmware-Atheros package, which provides firmware for Atheros-based wireless adapters.

Closing Thoughts

In this tutorial, we saw how to enable and disable the WiFi via GUI and command line in Kali Linux. This serves as a troubleshooting method when your system won’t connect to a WiFi network or you have no internet access. The command line method is especially useful on a headless server. For further help, see our guide on testing internet connection on Linux.

How to Hack Any Wifi Password Easily Using Kali Linux 100% Working | Kali | Hacking WPA2/WPA
How to Hack Any Wifi Password Easily Using Kali Linux 100% Working | Kali | Hacking WPA2/WPA

Cảnh báo

  • Hành vi bẻ khóa Wi-Fi của người khác khi không được phép là phạm luật ở hầu hết các quốc gia. Bạn chỉ nên tiến hành những bước trên đối với mạng ở nhà hoặc Wi-Fi của ai đó đã cho phép bạn kiểm tra.
  • Việc gửi nhiều hơn hai gói xác nhận lại có thể khiến máy tính mục tiêu gặp sự cố và làm dấy lên nghi ngờ.

Tool Documentation:

FAQ

Why Kali Linux WiFi not Working?

The most common reason for not connecting is related to the incorrect configuration of network drives or not installing them, but if your hardware is working properly, the reason can be that the network drives are not updated. You must click on the shell button on the bottom right side of the screen and find and update the desired software by typing “software and updates” in the search bar.

What command should we use to check available WiFi networks?

Nmcli is a command that allows you to control NetworkManager and provides information about the network status, so run the following command to scan WiFi networks:


nmcli dev wifi

Cracking WiFi WPA2 Handshake
Cracking WiFi WPA2 Handshake

Using the GUI, enable and disable WiFi on Kali Linux.

The methods for connecting to WiFi in the KDE, GNOME, and Xfce desktop environments are nearly identical. To enable or disable WiFi in the Kali Linux desktop environment, follow the procedures below.

To begin, locate the network icon in the Taskbar, which is placed on the right side of the screen, near the top, next to the clock.

Then, if you wish to connect to WiFi, right-click on the Network icon and choose “Enable Wi-Fi” from the list of options.

Check the Disable WiFi option to disable the WiFi connection.

After activating the WiFi adapter, right-click on the Network icon and select the WiFi network to which you wish to connect from the list of accessible WiFi networks.

When you select a WiFi network, a popup will appear asking for the password to connect to that network. After you’ve entered your password, click the “connect” button to finish the process. Then, by selecting the Network icon, you can connect to the WiFi network and the Internet.

After connecting to WiFi, right-click on the Network icon from the menu and select “Connection Information” to examine information about the WiFi network and your connections.

ALSO READ : How to Allow Access Through a Port in the Windows VPS Firewall

Enable or disable WiFi via command line

  1. To see the name of your WiFi adapter, as well as connection information (assuming you are already connected to a WiFi network), open a terminal and execute the

    ip a

    command.

    $ ip a

  2. In our example, the name of our WiFi connection is

    wlan0

    . To disable the WiFi connection, type the following command.

    $ sudo ip link set dev wlan0 down

  3. To enable the WiFi, type the following command to put the adapter back up. Notice we also execute the

    ip a

    command afterwards, to verify whether the connection is up or down.

    $ sudo ip link set dev wlan0 up

  4. If you don’t want to use the GUI to connect to a WiFi network, you can connect to the WiFi from command line.
It's too easy to own a WiFi network
It’s too easy to own a WiFi network

prerequisite

Kali Linux is an excellent distribution in that we have presented how to install Kali Linux in previous tutorials. In this article, we are going to teach how to “turn on WiFi” in Kali Linux and how to disable it. If you plan to use Kali Linux on the server and access the Internet via WiFi, buy Linux VPS with btc will provide you with this possibility.

Therefore, one of the prerequisites for executing the instructions that we will teach later is a system or server with the Kali Linux operating system. Additionally, you must have root user privileges and log into the Linux system using the Sudo command.

Connecting to Wi-Fi With Kali (Text Mode):

Before connecting to a network using the terminal, let’s see how to detect all available networks. To scan for networks, you can use the iwlist command followed by your wireless device and the function scan below:

As you can see, depending on the quantity of available networks, the output will display a long list of data belonging to each network, but we are only interested in the ESSID.

You can get a more human-friendly output by implementing grep as shown below; in this manner, iwlist will only print the networks ESSID:

Once you scanned all networks and identified the one you want to connect to, you can use different text-mode methods to establish a connection.

3 Levels of WiFi Hacking
3 Levels of WiFi Hacking

Các bước

Chuẩn bị để hack Wi-Fi

  1. Bạn cần hiểu khi nào thì chúng ta có thể xâm nhập Wi-Fi một cách hợp pháp. Tại hầu hết các nước, thời điểm duy nhất để bạn có thể bẻ khóa mạng WPA/WPA2 là khi mạng thuộc về bạn, hoặc người sở hữu đã cho phép bạn hack một cách rõ ràng.

    • Hành vi bẻ khóa mạng không đáp ứng tiêu chí nói trên được xem là bất hợp pháp và có thể cấu thành tội phạm.
  2. Tải ảnh đĩa Kali Linux. Kali Linux là công cụ thường dùng để hack mạng WPA và WPA2. Bạn có thể tải hình ảnh cài đặt (tập tin ISO) Kali Linux bằng cách:

    • Truy cập https://www.kali.org/downloads/ bằng trình duyệt web trên máy tính.
    • Nhấp vào HTTP cạnh phiên bản Kali mà bạn muốn sử dụng.
    • Chờ tập tin tải xuống hoàn tất.
  3. Cắm USB vào máy tính. Chúng ta cần sử dụng ổ đĩa flash dung lượng ít nhất là 4 GB cho quá trình này.
  4. Đặt USB làm ổ đĩa khởi động. Bước này cần thiết để có thể sử dụng USB như vị trí cài đặt.

    • Bạn cũng có thể sử dụng máy Mac cho bước này.
  5. Chép tập tin ISO Kali Linux vào USB. Mở ổ đĩa flash, sau đó kéo tập tin ISO Kali Linux vừa tải xuống thả vào cửa sổ của USB.

    • Bạn cần chắc chắn rằng USB vẫn kết nối với máy tính sau khi hoàn tất quá trình này.
  6. Cài đặt Kali Linux. Để cài đặt Kali Linux trên máy tính, tiến hành như sau:

    • Khởi động lại máy tính Windows.
    • Truy cập trình đơn BIOS.
    • Thiết lập để máy tính khởi động từ ổ đĩa USB bằng cách tìm phần “Boot Options” (hoặc tương tự), chọn tên USB và chuyển ổ đĩa này lên đầu danh sách.
    • Lưu và thoát, sau đó chờ cửa sổ cài đặt Kali Linux hiện ra (có thể bạn cần khởi động lại máy tính lần nữa).
    • Tiến hành theo lời nhắc cài đặt Kali Linux hiện ra trên màn hình.
  7. Mua card mạng Wi-Fi hỗ trợ giám sát. Bạn có thể tìm mua bộ điều hợp Wi-Fi trên mạng hoặc trong cửa hàng máy tính. Bộ điều hợp Wi-Fi phải hỗ trợ giám sát (RFMON) thì bạn mới có thể bẻ khóa mạng.

    • Nhiều máy tính được tích hợp sẵn bộ điều hợp Wi-Fi RFMON, vì thế bạn nên tiến hành bốn bước đầu tiên của phần tiếp theo trước khi mua.
    • Nếu như đang sử dụng Kali Linux trên máy ảo, bạn sẽ cần bộ điều hợp Wi-Fi bất kể loại card trong máy tính.
  8. Đăng nhập vào máy tính Kali Linux với quyền ưu tiên (root). Nhập tên người dùng và mật khẩu root để đăng nhập.

    • Bạn sẽ cần tài khoản root trong toàn bộ quá trình hack.
  9. Lắp bộ điều hợp Wi-Fi vào máy tính Kali Linux. Ngay lập tức, bộ điều hợp sẽ bắt đầu cài đặt và tải trình điều khiển (driver) cần thiết; khi được nhắc, hãy tiến hành theo hướng dẫn trên màn hình để hoàn tất quá trình thiết lập. Sau khi hoàn tất bước này, bạn có thể tiến hành hack mạng mục tiêu.

    • Cho dù đã thiết lập bộ điều hợp trên máy tính trước đây, bạn vẫn phải thiết lập card mạng cho Kali Linux ở bước này bằng cách lắp vào.
    • Trong hầu hết trường hợp, bạn chỉ cần lắp card mạng vào máy tính là có thể tiến hành thiết lập.

    Quảng cáo

Hack Wi-Fi

  1. Mở Terminal trên máy tính Kali Linux. Tìm và nhấp vào ứng dụng Terminal với biểu tượng khung đen cùng ký hiệu “>_” trắng bên trong.

    • Hoặc bạn có thể nhấn Alt+Ctrl+T để mở Terminal.
  2. Nhập lệnh cài đặt Aircrack-ng. Nhập lệnh dưới đây và nhấn ↵ Enter:

    sudo apt-get install aircrack-ng

  3. Nhập mật khẩu khi được nhắc. Nhập mật khẩu mà bạn dùng để đăng nhập máy tính vào và nhấn ↵ Enter. Quyền truy cập root sẽ được kích hoạt với bất kỳ lệnh khác được thực thi trên Terminal.

    • Nếu phải mở cửa sổ Terminal khác (như chúng ta sẽ làm trong bài viết này), có thể bạn cần thực thi lệnh sudo cùng với mật khẩu lần nữa.
  4. Cài đặt Aircrack-ng. Nhấn Y khi được nhắc và chờ chương trình hoàn tất cài đặt.
  5. Bật airmon-ng. Nhập lệnh dưới đây và nhấn ↵ Enter.

    airmon-ng

  6. Tìm tên monitor. Tên công cụ giám sát sẽ hiển thị trong cột “Interface”.

    • Nếu bạn đang hack chính mạng của mình thì monitor thường có tên là “wlan0”.
    • Nếu không thấy tên monitor ở đây nghĩa là bộ điều hợp Wi-Fi không hỗ trợ giám sát.
  7. Bắt đầu giám sát mạng. Bạn có thể tiến hành bằng cách nhập lệnh dưới đây và nhấn ↵ Enter:

    airmon-ng start wlan0

    • Đừng quên thay “wlan0” bằng tên mạng mục tiêu nếu bạn hack mạng khác.
  8. Bật giao diện chế độ giám sát. Nhập lệnh sau:

    iwconfig

  9. Loại trừ các tiến trình trả về lỗi. Trong một số trường hợp, card mạng Wi-Fi sẽ xung đột với dịch vụ đang chạy trên máy tính. Bạn có thể loại bỏ những tiến trình này bằng cách nhập lệnh sau:[1] X Nguồn nghiên cứu

    airmon-ng check kill

  10. Xem qua tên giao diện giám sát. Trong hầu hết trường hợp, tên giao diện giám sát sẽ là “mon0”, “wlan0mon” hoặc tương tự.[2] X Nguồn nghiên cứu
  11. Yêu cầu máy tính tìm kiếm các bộ định tuyến (router) lân cận. Để có danh sách bộ định tuyến trong phạm vi, hãy nhập lệnh sau:

    airodump-ng mon0

    • Bạn cần thay “mon0” bằng tên giao diện giám sát ở bước vừa rồi.
  12. Tìm bộ định tuyến mà bạn muốn bẻ khóa. Tên router nằm cuối mỗi chuỗi văn bản; hãy tìm tên bộ định tuyến của mạng mà bạn muốn hack.
  13. Bạn cần chắc chắn rằng bộ định tuyến này sử dụng giao thức bảo mật WPA hoặc WPA2. Nếu có thẻ “WPA” hoặc “WPA2” nằm ngay bên trái tên mạng, bạn có thể tiếp tục; nếu không thì chúng ta sẽ không thể hack mạng đó.
  14. Ghi lại địa chỉ MAC và số kênh của router. Những thông tin này nằm bên trái tên mạng:

    • Địa chỉ MAC — Dãy số nằm phía bên trái dòng của bộ định tuyến.
    • Kênh — Đây là số (ví dụ: 0, 1, 2, vân vân) nằm ngay bên trái thẻ WPA hoặc WPA2.
  15. Theo dõi mạng mục tiêu để tìm handshake. “Handshake” là thuật ngữ chỉ quá trình xảy ra khi một thiết bị kết nối mạng (chẳng hạn như khi máy tính kết nối với bộ định tuyến). Hãy nhập mã dưới đây (nhớ thay thành phần cần thiết trong lệnh bằng thông tin mạng mà bạn có)::

    airodump-ng -c channel –bssid MAC -w /root/Desktop/ mon0

    • Thay “channel” bằng số kênh mà bạn đã ghi lại trong bước vừa rồi.
    • Thay “MAC” bằng địa chỉ MAC mà đã ghi trong bước trước đó.
    • Nhớ thay “mon0” bằng tên giao diện của bạn.
    • Sau đây là ví dụ về dịa chỉ:

      airodump-ng -c 3 –bssid 1C:1C:1E:C1:AB:C1 -w /root/Desktop/ wlan0mon

  16. Chờ handshake xuất hiện. Sau khi dòng có thẻ “WPA handshake:” cùng với địa chỉ MAC hiện ra ở góc trên bên trái màn hình, bạn có thể tiếp tục.

    • Nếu không có tâm trạng chờ đợi, bạn có thể buộc handshake xuất hiện bằng cách tấn công deauth trước khi tiếp tục phần này.
  17. Thoát airodump-ng, sau đó mở màn hình desktop. Nhấn Ctrl+C để thoát, sau đó ra màn hình desktop để kiểm tra xem có tập tin “.cap” chưa.
  18. Đổi tên tập tin “.cap”. Mặc dù không bắt buộc nhưng thao tác này sẽ giúp bạn dễ làm việc với tập tin hơn sau đó. Nhập lệnh bên dưới để đổi tên, nhớ thay “name” bằng tên mà bạn đã đặt cho tập tin:

    mv ./-01.cap name.cap

    • Nếu tập tin “.cap” không phải tên là “-01.cap” như trong ví dụ này, hãy thay “-01.cap” bằng tên thực tế của tập tin “.cap”.
  19. Đổi đuôi tập tin “.cap” sang định dạng “.hccapx”. Bạn có thể tiến hành bằng chương trình chuyển đổi của Kali Linux. Hãy nhập lệnh sau (nhớ thay “name” bằng tên tập tin):

    cap2hccapx.bin name.cap name.hccapx

    • Bạn cũng có thể truy cập https://hashcat.net/cap2hccapx/ và đăng tập tin “.cap” lên công cụ chuyển đổi trực tuyến bằng cách nhấp vào Choose File và chọn tập tin. Sau khi tập tin được tải lên, hãy nhấp vào Convert để chuyển đổi tập tin và tải phiên bản mới về máy tính trước khi tiếp tục.
  20. Cài đặt naive-hashcat. Đây là dịch vụ mà chúng ta sẽ sử dụng để bẻ khóa mật khẩu. Bắt đầu nhập các lệnh sau theo thứ tự:

    sudo git clone https://github.com/brannondorsey/naive-hashcat cd naive-hashcat curl -L -o dicts/rockyou.txt https://github.com/brannondorsey/naive-hashcat/releases/download/data/rockyou.txt

    • Nếu máy tính không có GPU, bạn cần sử dụng aircrack-ng để thay thế.
  21. Khởi chạy naive-hashcat. Sau khi cài đặt dịch vụ, hãy nhập lệnh sau (nhớ thay tất cả câu có phần “name” bằng tên tập tin “.cap” của bạn):

    HASH_FILE=name.hccapx POT_FILE=name.pot HASH_TYPE=2500 ./naive-hashcat.sh

  22. Chờ mật khẩu mạng bị bẻ khóa. Sau khi mật khẩu bị bẻ khóa, chuỗi ký tự sẽ được thêm vào tập tin “name.pot” trong thư mục “naive-hashcat”; từ hoặc câu phía sau dấu hai chấm sau cùng chính là mật khẩu.

    • Có thể mất từ vài giờ đến vài tháng để mật khẩu bị bẻ khóa.

    Quảng cáo

Sử dụng aircrack-ng trên máy tính không có GPU

  1. Tải tập tin từ điển. Tập tin từ điển được sử dụng phổ biến nhất là “Rock You”. Bạn có thể tải xuống bằng cách nhập lệnh sau:

    curl -L -o rockyou.txt https://github.com/brannondorsey/naive-hashcat/releases/download/data/rockyou.txt

    • Lưu ý: aircrack-ng will sẽ không thể bẻ khóa mật khẩu WPA hoặc WPA2 nếu mật khẩu không nằm trong danh sách từ.
  2. Yêu cầu aircrack-ng bắt đầu bẻ khóa mật khẩu. Nhập lệnh dưới đây (nhớ thay vào thông tin mạng cần thiết):

    aircrack-ng -a2 -b MAC -w rockyou.txt name.cap

    • Nếu bạn đang bẻ khóa mạng WPA thay vì WPA2, hãy thay “-a2” bằng -a.
    • Thay “MAC” bằng địa chỉ MAC mà bạn đã ghi lại trong phần trước.
    • Thay “name” bằng tên mà bạn đã đặt cho tập tin “.cap”.
  3. Chờ Terminal hiển thị kết quả. Khi tiêu đề “KEY FOUND!” hiện ra nghĩa là aircrack-ng đã tìm được mật khẩu. Mật khẩu sẽ nằm trong dấu ngoặc bên phải tiêu đề “KEY FOUND!”.Quảng cáo

Tấn công deauth để thu thập handshake

  1. 1Bạn cần hiểu tấn công deauth nghĩa là gì. Phương pháp deauth gửi gói chứng thực lại đến bộ định tuyến mà bạn đang bẻ khóa, gây ngắt kết nối Internet khiến người dùng phải đăng nhập lại. Sau khi người dùng đăng nhập lại, bạn sẽ thu thập được handshake.
  2. Giám sát mạng mục tiêu. Nhập lệnh sau (nhớ thay thông tin mạng vào những vị trí cần thiết):

    airodump-ng -c channel –bssid MAC

    • Ví dụ:

      airodump-ng -c 1 –bssid 9C:5C:8E:C9:AB:C0

  3. Ví dụ:
  4. Chờ thiết bị nào đó kết nối với mạng. Ngay khi bạn thấy hai địa chỉ MAC xuất hiện cạnh nhau (và chuỗi văn bản bao gồm cả tên nhà sản xuất), chúng ta có thể tiếp tục.

    • Dấu hiệu này cho thấy một máy khách (chẳng hạn như máy tính) vừa mới kết nối với mạng.
  5. Mở cửa sổ Terminal. Bạn có thể mở nhanh bằng cách nhấn Alt+Ctrl+T. Hãy chắc chắn rằng airodump-ng vẫn đang chạy bên dưới cửa sổ Terminal.
  6. Gửi gói xác thực lại. Nhập lệnh sau (nhớ thay thông tin mạng ở những vị trí cần thiết):[3] X Nguồn nghiên cứu

    aireplay-ng -0 2 -a MAC1 -c MAC2 mon0

    • “2” là số gói mà bạn sẽ gửi. Bạn có thể tăng hoặc giảm, nhưng lưu ý là nếu gửi nhiều hơn 2 gói có thể gây ra lỗ hổng bảo mật đáng chú ý.
    • Thay “MAC1” bằng địa chỉ MAC ở ngoài cùng bên trái phía dưới cùng cửa sổ Terminal nền.
    • Thay “MAC2” bằng địa chỉ MAC ở ngoài cùng bên phải phía dưới cùng cửa sổ Terminal nền.
    • Nhớ thay “mon0” bằng tên giao diện mà bạn đã xác định vào lúc đầu khi máy tính tìm bộ định tuyến.
    • Một ví dụ về lệnh:

      aireplay-ng -0 3 -a 9C:5C:8E:C9:AB:C0 -c 64:BC:0C:48:97:F7 mon0

  7. Mở lại cửa sổ Terminal ban đầu. Trở lại cửa sổ Terminal nền sau khi bạn gửi đi các gói xác nhận lại.
  8. Tìm handshake. Sau khi thấy thẻ “WPA handshake:” và địa chỉ bên cạnh, bạn có thể tiến hành bẻ khóa mạng.Quảng cáo

Conclusion:

As you can see, connecting to Wi-Fi on Kali Linux should not be a problem even for basic Linux users. Linux, not only Kali, offers a variety of methods to establish connection. This tutorial was written after finding many Kali users report problems connecting. In most cases, their Wi-Fi adapter was disabled and enabling it from the taskbar, as shown in the first steps of this tutorial, solved the problem. Learning the text mode techniques explained in this article is especially important because they are almost universal for all Linux distributions and independent of their graphical environment.

Thank you for reading this tutorial explaining how to connect to Wi-Fi on Kali Linux, keep following us for more Linux tips and tutorials.

How to Enable WiFi in Kali Linux

To connect to the Internet and access the public network, one of the most common methods is to connect to WiFi, in different environments installed on popular Linux distributions, the way to activate WiFi is different. WiFi can be enabled and disabled both through the desktop environment and through the command line in popular Linux distributions. Most famous Linux distributions have GNOME and KDE desktop environments by default, also applying specific settings in graphical environments is naturally easier than making changes in the terminal environment, and you can easily enable and disable WiFi in graphical environments.

Activating WiFi using the command line is not too difficult, and by the way, in some Linux distributions, it is very simple to apply settings in the graphical user interface. Especially since today scripts are programmed to enable and disable WiFi to make it easier for Linux users to change their settings.

In this article, for your guidance, we will teach you how to enable and disable WiFi in Kali Linux, one of the modern and attractive Linux distributions, you have already familiarized yourself with Kali Linux, through the desktop environment and the command line. So you can freely use the method that is easier for you to apply your changes. If you want to enable or disable WiFi on Kali Linux, follow the instructions below.

Wi-Fi password hack: How to hack into WPA Wi-Fi and WPA2 | Free Cyber Work Applied series
Wi-Fi password hack: How to hack into WPA Wi-Fi and WPA2 | Free Cyber Work Applied series

Troubleshooting Commands:

The following commands were not tested because my network card was properly detected. The first command shown below may be useful in case your Wi-Fi device’s drivers weren’t properly detected. This is not a common scenario when using Kali:

More probably than the command shown above to install drivers, your wireless card may be down. To set it up, first identify your network device name:

As you can see in the output above, my network device is named wlp3s0. To set it up, I run the following command:

Remember to replace wlp3s0 for your wireless card name.

TP Link TL-WN821N

Visits: 11589

One of the most common techniques for connecting to the Internet and accessing the public network is to connect to WiFi. The way to activate WiFi varies depending on the environment installed on popular Linux distributions. WiFi in major Linux variants can be configured and disabled via the desktop environment as well as the command line. Most popular Linux distributions provide GNOME and KDE desktop experiences by default; additionally, applying specific settings in graphical environments is inherently easier than making changes in the terminal environment, and you may quickly enable and disable WiFi in graphical environments.

Using the command line to activate WiFi is not difficult, and some Linux distributions make it quite easy to apply settings using the graphical user interface. Especially because scripts are already being written to enable and disable WiFi to make it easier for Linux users to update their settings.

In this post, we will show you how to enable and disable WiFi in Kali Linux, one of the most contemporary and appealing Linux distributions. You have already become acquainted with Kali Linux via the desktop interface and the command line. As a result, you are free to choose the way that is most convenient for you to implement your changes. Follow the procedures below to enable or disable WiFi on Kali Linux.

Raspberry Pi 5 Kali Linux install in 10 minutes (with WiFi hacking)
Raspberry Pi 5 Kali Linux install in 10 minutes (with WiFi hacking)

Troubleshooting Wi-Fi Issues:

No technology is without its quirks. We’ll help you identify and resolve common Wi-Fi problems, ensuring a stable connection throughout your Kali Linux experience.

This problem is uncommon on Kali Linux, however if you experience it, run the following command to troubleshoot:

sudo apt install kali-linux-wireless

Of course, this problem may be related to the failure of your wireless card, so it is better to identify your network device name first so that you can make the necessary settings:

iwconfig

After you’ve determined the name of your network device, execute the following command:

ifconfig[wireless card name ] up

Using the nmcli command, connect Kali Linux to WiFi.

The nmcli command is a straightforward and practical way to handle NetworkManager and connect to the network. To use the nmcli command, enter the network name and password in the format shown below:

nmcli d wifi connect [The desired network name ] password[The desired network password]

You will be connected to the appropriate network after running the above command. If you need assistance with the nmcli command, you can consult its documentation.

Best Dual Band Wifi Adapter 5ghz For Windows & Kali Linux + Giveaway 2022
Best Dual Band Wifi Adapter 5ghz For Windows & Kali Linux + Giveaway 2022

Why does Kali Linux Enable WiFi not appear?

One issue that Kali Linux users may have is the failure to display Enable WiFi in Kali Linux. This problem develops due to the diverse software and hardware configurations of users’ computers, however there are certain ways that can solve it.

While the Kali Linux system uses the internal WiFi adapter, you must determine the driver that the device uses to remedy this problem. Enter the following command to accomplish this:

lspci -nnk | grep –iA2 net

Running the preceding command will provide you with detailed information about the network adapters on your Kali Linux system. After determining the desired adapter, use the modprobe command to load the desired driver.

For example, if the ath9k_htc drive is used for the adapter, the following command must be used to load the desired drive:

modprobe ath9k_htc

After running the above command, your problem should be resolved, and you should be able to see a list of available WiFi networks. If your problem is not resolved, install the firmware-Atheros package, which contains firmware for Atheros-based wireless adapters.

ALSO READ : Connecting to Your Ubuntu Server via RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol)

Connecting to Wi-Fi on Kali (Graphical Mode):

Connecting to Wi-Fi from Kali Linux is the same as connecting from any other Linux distribution. Some users may find their wireless card disabled.

To begin, identify the network icon on your taskbar, which is displayed as:

As you can see, the network icon is located next to the clock. Once identified, right-click on it to show all available options, including Enable Wi-Fi, as shown in the image below. Make sure the option Enable Wi-Fi is marked:

Once enabled, left-click the network icon again, and you’ll see all available networks for connection. Then, press the one you want to connect to:

After clicking on your network, you should connect without problems.

How To Setup Kali Linux RTL8188EUS USB WiFi Adapter Drivers
How To Setup Kali Linux RTL8188EUS USB WiFi Adapter Drivers

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you learned how to connect to a WiFi wireless network using your Kali Linux operating system’s graphical environment and command line. The advantage of Linux is that it provides users with multiple options for applying settings. You can connect to WiFi using both the graphical technique, which is a straightforward method, and the command line method.

Learning the command line approach will help you in a variety of scenarios, particularly in this course, because this method for connecting to WiFi is identical in most Linux versions. Furthermore, by connecting to WiFi via the terminal environment, you can simply troubleshoot and resolve issues such as a lost connection. On servers, the command line method usually works better.

Bài viết này đã được cùng viết bởi Stan Kats. Stan Kats là kỹ sư công nghệ, giám đốc điều hành và chuyên gia công nghệ chính của Tập đoàn Tư vấn CNTT STG tại West Hollywood, California. Stan cung cấp các giải pháp công nghệ toàn diện cho doanh nghiệp thông qua dịch vụ CNTT và cung cấp cho cá nhân thông qua công ty dịch vụ tiêu dùng của anh là Stan’s Tech Garage. Anh có bằng cử nhân quan hệ quốc tế của Đại học Nam California. Anh bắt đầu sự nghiệp tại một công ty thuộc nhóm Fortune 500. Stan thành lập các công ty riêng để cung cấp dịch vụ chuyên môn cấp độ doanh nghiệp cho các các nhân và công ty nhỏ.
Bài viết này đã được xem 49.994 lần.

wikiHow hôm nay sẽ hướng dẫn bạn cách bẻ khóa (hack) mật khẩu mạng WPA hoặc WPA2 bằng Kali Linux.

Enable or disable WiFi via GUI

These steps assume you’re using Xfce, the default desktop environment for Kali. If you’re using KDE, GNOME, or some other GUI, the instructions should still be very similar.

  1. To enable or disable the WiFi, right click the network icon in the corner, and click “Enable WiFi” or “Disable WiFi.”
  2. When the WiFi adapter is enabled, single click the network icon to select a WiFi network to connect to.
  3. Type the network password and click “connect” to complete the process.
  4. Once connected, click “Connection Information” in the network icon menu to see details about your connection.
¡Revelando los Secretos del WiFi! Accede a Cualquier Red con Kali Linux | Hacking Ético\
¡Revelando los Secretos del WiFi! Accede a Cualquier Red con Kali Linux | Hacking Ético\”

Conclusion

In this article, you learned how to connect to a WiFi wireless network through the graphical environment and the command line of your Kali Linux operating system. The advantage of Linux is that it offers users different methods to apply settings, you can use both the graphical method, which is a simple method for the desired settings and the command line method to connect to WiFi.

Learning the command line method can be useful for you in different situations, especially in this tutorial, this method for connecting to WiFi is similar in most Linux distributions. Also, by connecting to WiFi using the terminal environment, you can easily troubleshoot and solve problems such as lack of connection. Usually, the command line method can work better on servers.

Thank you for choosing our article to read.

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Learn Kali Linux Episode #27: Introduction To Wifi Cracking – Youtube
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Usb Wifi Adapter Kali Linux / Aircrack Compatible Hack Wifi Network 5Dbi  Antenna | Ebay
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Wi-Fi Hacking 101 – How To Hack Wpa2 And Defend Against These Attacks
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