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What Is Scope In Test Plan | Key Components Of A Test Plan

Test Plan in Software Testing | Software Testing | SoftwaretestingbyMKT

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What Is Code Coverage And How Is It Different From Test Coverage?

Code coverage is the measure of degree to which the software code has been executed. It covers automated as well as manual tests and gives you the percentage of code that has been executed. Based on this information, you can implement additional testing for the product and make it a lot more comprehensive.

The primary difference between test coverage and code coverage is that while test coverage is a qualitative measure, code coverage is more about quantitative measurement in terms of testing.

Code coverage helps determine how much of the code is executed while the application is running, whereas test coverage is helpful in describing test cases that can be written against the requirements document.

With the code coverage v/s test coverage debate addressed, let’s now take a look at various test coverage techniques.

Test Plan in Software Testing | Software Testing | SoftwaretestingbyMKT
Test Plan in Software Testing | Software Testing | SoftwaretestingbyMKT

Why You Need a Test Strategy

  • Guides the testing effort by providing focus, clarity, and effective risk management.
  • Ensures efficiency, effectiveness, and adherence to standards in testing practices.
  • Promotes better collaboration between members of the QA team.
  • Ensures that all members are aligned on the overall vision of the project.
  • Acts as reference for resource planning and allocation for optimal utilization.
  • Allows you to track progress more efficiently.

Read More: What Is Software Testing? Definition, Types, Tools

How to create a test plan

Define the release scope

Before any test activity occurs, it’s important to define the scope of testing for your release. This means defining the features or functions that need to be included in the release, considering any constraints and dependencies that can affect the release, and determining what type of release it is.

Examples of questions to ask when defining the release scope include:

  • Are there new features being released in this version?
  • What are the risk areas?
  • Are there any particularly sticky areas where you’ve seen regressions in the past?
  • What type of release is it? Is this a maintenance release that includes bug fixes? Is this a minor feature release? Is this a major feature release?
  • What does being “done” actually look like for your team?

For example, what information would you require if your organization has just launched a new e-commerce site and wants to test it before it launches?

Whether it’s talking with the developers to understand the scope of the project, or working with a product manager to walkthrough new functionalities and user flow, defining the scope ensures that accurate information is being shared and that there is a common understanding of the product’s goals, expectations, and features.

Schedule timelines

Specify release deadlines to help you decide your testing time and routine. Here are some pointers for determining timelines:

  • Consult your project manager to understand the current release timeline.
  • Look at past release times and schedules.
  • Consider extraneous elements: Does the release need to coincide with outside variables, such as conferences or events? Factor those into your release date prediction.
  • Consider the timeframes for development: Your development team might have a set schedule for finishing development work. Make sure you comprehend that timeframe so you can adjust the testing schedule.
  • Add some extra wiggle room: It’s common to encounter unexpected delays. Including extra time for unforeseen events can help you stick to your plan.
  • Review and update the schedule frequently to ensure the test timetable is attainable.

Define test objectives

A test objective is a reason or purpose for designing and executing a test. These objectives ultimately help guide and define the scope of testing activities.

Examples of general test objectives include:

  • Identifying and reporting defects
  • Testing new features
  • A certain level of test coverage

Examples of objectives for specific types of testing include:

  • Functional testing objectives: Ensure the software works as it should. Examples of goals for this objective include: Validating user workflows, data processing, and verifying input/output parameters.
  • Performance testing objectives: Ensure the software is efficient and can handle various loads. Examples of goals for this objective include: Verifying software reaction time, throughput, and scalability.
  • Security testing objectives: Uncover program security flaws. Examples of goals for this objective include: Verifying authentication and authorization features and identifying potential threats.
  • Usability testing objectives: Concentrate on ease of use and user experience. Examples of goals for this objective include: Validating software accessibility, verifying user flow, and identifying user-related issues.
Measure testing with the right metrics

Metrics assess the overall quality of a release, the progress of your testing, and the effectiveness of your testing (for a particular test cycle or the entirety of your testing).

They provide visibility into your testing process and overall product quality, ultimately helping your team decide if your release is ready to ship. Here are some metric formulas you might consider:

  • Defect Density = Defect count/size of the release (lines of code)

Example: If your software has 150 defects and 15,000 lines of code, its defect density is 0.01 defects per line of code.

  • Test Coverage = (Total number of requirements mapped to test cases / Total number of requirements) x 100.

Defect Detection Efficiency (DDE)

  • DDE = The percentage of defects detected during a phase / Total number of defects

Time to Market

  • TTM = The time it takes for your company to go from idea to product launch

Determine test deliverables

Test deliverables are the products of testing that help track testing progress. Deliverables should meet your project’s and client’s needs, be identified early enough to be included in the test plan, and be scheduled accordingly. There are different test deliverables at every phase of the software development lifecycle. Here are important deliverables to focus on before, during, and after testing:

Before testing
  • Test plan document: The scope, objectives, and approach of the testing endeavor are all outlined in the test plan.
  • Test suite: Test cases illustrate how to run a test, including input data, expected output, and pass/fail criteria.
  • Test design and environment specifications: The test environment outlines the hardware and software configurations used for testing.
During testing
  • Test log: The test log records each test case’s results, including issues and resolutions.
  • Defect report: A defect report lists testing issues by severity, priority, and reproducibility.
  • Test data: According to the International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB), test data is data created or selected to satisfy the execution preconditions and input content required to execute one or more test cases.
  • Test summary report: The test summary report lists the number of tests run, passed, and failed, as well as open defects.
After testing
  • Test completion report: Covers the testing scope, product quality, and lessons discovered.
  • User acceptance test (UAT) report: Points to any issues found and fixed.
  • Release notes: List information about what the release includes. Examples include any new features for development, advancements, or fixes.

A test plan’s content and structure differ depending on its context. Although there isn’t one cookie-cutter way to write a test plan, following best practices for test plan development can help companies deliver high-quality software.

TestRail is test plan software designed to make it easy to follow best practices for test plan development. In TestRail, you can enter test cases with preconditions, test instructions, expected results, priorities, and effort estimates.

Image: Organize and structure reusable test cases in folders, create agile test plans, and track test execution progress in TestRail.

This level of flexibility and visibility into your testing process makes TestRail an easy fit into any organization’s test plan — Try TestRail for free to see how it can help with your test planning. Or, learn more about how to build and optimize your testing processes—from test design to test planning and execution with this free TestRail Academy course, Fundamentals of Testing with TestRail.

Design the test strategy

Test strategy helps determine test cost, test effort, and which features will be in-scope (planned to be tested) versus out-of-scope (not planned to be tested).

Identify testing types

It is critical to identify when to perform what type of testing, what should be tested manually vs. automated, the scope of automated tests, how much work will be required to create new test cases, and who will be doing that work.

Depending on several factors, there may be various types of testing to include in your test plan.

Examples of factors to consider when choosing the right testing type to perform include:

  • Test objectives
  • Your project’s feature requirements
  • The complexity of your product
  • Your team’s experience levels
  • Regulatory requirements
  • Time and budget

Here are commonly used types of testing to consider including in your test plan:

Manual Testing Automated Testing Other
•Smoke testing

•Exploratory testing

•Usability testing of new features

•Unit testing

•Regression testing for existing features

•Integration testing

•Performance testing

•Security testing

•Accessibility testing

Document risks and issues

It’s essential to document risks that may occur during testing and the effect of these risks. Risks can include:

  • Strict deadlines
  • Insufficient or inaccurate budget estimates
  • Poor management
  • Problems with the code
  • Changes in the business environment
  • Limited resources for testing
  • Unexpected delays during testing
Document test logistics

Test logistics should answer the “Who, what, where, when, and how.” Documenting test logistics ensures that all human and system-related testing resources are available. For example, it may be important that your team identifies who is available to do testing and who will support them if needed during testing. Moreover, when resource planning, it can be helpful to identify alternative resources or build slack into your plan to ensure your project gets completed.

Establish test criteria

Test Criteria is a standard that regulates all activities within a testing project. The two main types of test criteria include suspension and exit criteria.

  • Suspension Criteria: Establishes the conditions for suspending all tests.
  • Exit Criteria: Exit criteria are established items or goals to complete that define the end of a test phase. The exit criteria of a test are the predetermined results that must be achieved to move on to the next testing phase. For example, 92% of all critical test cases must pass before a feature can be deemed suitable for release to your customers.

Plan the test environment and test data

Planning a test environment guarantees precise and robust testing. The test environment includes hardware, software, and network configurations for software testing. Follow these procedures to set up the test environment:

  • Determine your hardware and program requirements: Select test environment devices and software, including operating systems, browsers, databases, and testing tools.
  • Install the required software: Once prerequisites are established, install the necessary tools on the test environment. This may require setting up a separate server to host the application and installing a database management system or other tools.
  • Configure the network: Make sure that firewall protocols, IP addresses, and DNS settings, among other network configurations, are identical between the test and production environments.
  • Create the test data: Prepare the test material for the application’s testing. Test data can be created manually with data from the production environment, retrieved from an existing production environment and database, or, created via automated Data Generation Tools.
  • Access the builds: Ensure that the builds that the testers will be testing are accessible. One example is setting up a file-sharing or version control system to allow testers access to the most current builds.
  • Verify the test environment: After setting it up, check that your test environment fulfills the requirements.
Project Scope Statement [IN 4 EASY STEPS]
Project Scope Statement [IN 4 EASY STEPS]

Key Components Of A Test Plan

A test plan is essentially a project management plan, which should always include the major components of a normal plan for project management purposes, including an overview, scope, methodology, resources, schedule, risks, and communication plan.

Of course, a test plan should go beyond that and also include information that would be beneficial to the testing process. Here are 8 crucial items that should be included in a good test plan:

  1. Objectives: define what the testing team aims to achieve. These objectives should follow the SMART rules: Specific – Measurable – Attainable – Relevant – Time Bound. The objectives should also cover various aspects of the software: functionality, performance, usability, security, and compatibility. Usually functionality is the most important factor, but it does not mean that we should ignore other aspects.
  2. Approach: test approach is a high-level overview of how the testing will be conducted, including the types of tests that will be executed and the testing methodology that will be followed. This section also covers the testing techniques, tools, and success metrics.
  3. Scope: scope is the extent and boundaries of the testing activities that will be performed. Scope is developed from the objectives, and in several cases teams can even exclude the areas that will not be covered to optimize resource allocation
  4. Test Deliverables: in this section, the documentation and artifacts that will be created during the testing process will be outlined. Knowing the deliverables is also knowing what to prepare. If the QA team has a test artifact management system in place, they can leverage the existing infrastructure to speed up the testing process instead of creating everything from scratch. We should also specify the format, frequency, and distribution of the test deliverables.
  5. Dependencies: with the Shift Left Testing movement, testing happens in parallel with development. If certain modules are not fully developed to be used in testing, QA teams need to prepare the mock modules for substitution. Dependency mapping leads to better project outcomes, so we recommend adopting this in your test planning.
  6. Test Environment: based on the test deliverables, QA teams plan out how they should set up the hardware-software-network configuration to conduct their testing. They also discuss if they should test in a local or remote environment, and prepare the resources accordingly.
  7. Risk Management: what contingency plan should be in place to substitute for a missing deliverable or a sudden change in resource? This is when the dependency mapping comes in handy. Knowing what influences what allows QA managers to know exactly what to adjust, and if the team is comfortable with such a change
  8. Schedule: the project timeline may depend on whether the team chose manual or automation testing. Manual testing may work for small-scale, simple testing projects, but for large-scale projects with highly repetitive test cases, teams must adopt automation testing to speed up testing, increase test coverage, reduce human errors, and ensure test reliability.
  9. Roles and Responsibilities: This section is where we assign tasks to the right person with the right expertise. We can always go one step further and describe the communication channels and protocols that will be used to facilitate collaboration and communication among the testing members.

Having these items in a test plan makes it a “good” test plan and not just a normal test plan. It ensures that the testing effort is comprehensive, organized, focused on achieving the desired outcomes while minimizing the risks and challenges associated with testing. It also facilitates collaboration and communication among the testing team members, and it enables stakeholders to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the testing process.

Requested devices

You will usually be invited to the cycle to use a specific device of yours. This device is displayed in the right sidebar on the test overview page. For ideal device coverage, our distribution algorithm invites testers for different devices. You may only use the requested devices that were assigned to you. When testing websites, you must not only use the correct device but also one of the available browsers on the list.If the seats for the requested device are taken, you may be able to join the test with a different device if there are other slots opened. On the ‘Submit a Bug’ page you can check with which device you are in the test.

Software testing tutorial - How to create test plan Real-time test plan walkthrough
Software testing tutorial – How to create test plan Real-time test plan walkthrough

How To Make Adjustments In A Test Plan?

  • Identify the reason for the adjustment: What has changed that requires an adjustment to the test plan? How will the adjustment affect the overall project goals and objectives?
  • Evaluate the impact of the adjustment: What are the potential risks and challenges associated with the adjustment? How will the adjustment affect the schedule, budget, or other project resources?
  • Update the affected sections of the test plan: Be aware of the dependencies in the test plan: 1 change can always influence another part.
  • Review and approve the changes with relevant stakeholders: encourage transparency in your team. A team-wide email should be good enough, but for more drastic changes, you may want a meeting to communicate more thoroughly

Test planning in a test management tool

Test management tools can help your team with their test planning efforts. Whether your goal is to be more agile or accelerate test planning, there are tactical approaches to making a comprehensive and agile test plan with a test management tool like TestRail.

  1. Milestones

In TestRail, milestones are containers for aggregating test artifacts and tracking different testing activities related to the same outcome. For example, if you create a milestone in TestRail to keep track of a release and connect all of the related test runs and test plans, then you can see all of the different activities you will do for that release in one location.

Image: Manage all your milestones and ongoing test projects in TestRail.

Within TestRail’s milestones, the description field provides a great place to build a one-page test plan. By having all of your test plan information connected to the milestone from the beginning, you can constantly refer back to it as you are planning and ask yourself questions such as, “What was in scope?” “What was out of scope?” “What are we testing or not testing?” and “Are we going to do automated testing in this milestone?”

Milestones give you an efficient way to quickly refer back to your test plan information from within your actual test management tool.

  1. Test case priority and type

Test cases define what you will test beforehand; essentially, they outline what you will do before you do it. In TestRail, you can organize test cases based on many hierarchies. This is a key way to start building your test plan.

For example, if you’re developing an advanced messaging app, the highest risk area to your app is that it has to be able to be installed and run. In this example, you might start with that as your smoke test and then do more in-depth functional or exploratory testing.

By capturing test case priority and what type of testing approach you plan to take with a particular test case ahead of time, you are starting to think about planning that test case in practice.

Image: Organize your TestRail test case repository based on priority.

  1. Test Reports

Using a test management tool like TestRail for your test execution is beneficial because you can use real-time reports. For example, if you built your plan out in TestRail and you’re executing around that plan, a report like TestRail’s milestone summary report is going to show you your initial test objectives, your initial one-page test plan, all the test runs and plans added within that milestone, the priority you assigned to them, and more. You can also download reports to share with your team or other stakeholders.

Image: The Milestone (Summary) report allows users to attach project criteria and quickly visualize a clean, shareable interpretation of milestone activity.

As projects become more complex, using spreadsheets as test plan templates can become unwieldy, and a more sophisticated approach is needed. Use a test management tool like TestRail to make your test plans as flexible as possible.

How do you define the scope of software testing for a complex project?

How do you define the scope of software testing for a complex project? This is a crucial question for quality assurance (QA) professionals, as the scope determines what aspects of the software need to be tested, how much time and resources are required, and what risks and challenges are involved. In this article, we will discuss some key steps and tips for conducting a software testing scope analysis in the context of QA.

The first step in defining the scope of software testing is to understand the project requirements, both functional and non-functional. Functional requirements describe what the software should do, such as features, functionalities, and user interactions. Non-functional requirements describe how the software should perform, such as reliability, security, usability, and scalability. You can use various sources to gather the project requirements, such as documents, stakeholders, users, and prototypes. You should also prioritize the requirements based on their importance, complexity, and dependencies.

  • POOJA MADHURKAR

    Senior Development Engineer in Test SDET

    Assess the complexity of the project by considering factors such as the size of the application, the number of features, integration points, dependencies, technology stack, regulatory requirements, and timeline constraints. Identify potential risks and challenges that may impact the testing process, such as resource constraints, technology limitations, external dependencies, and changes in project scope.

  • Neil Hudson

    Software delivery and assurance specialist | Delivery and test transformation advisor

    Whilst the understanding project requirements is an important starting point this will not provide a sufficiently complete picture to allow a robust definition of scope. It is vital that the QA scoping process looks beyond the requirements into the domain and context within which the solution that the project is to deliver will operate. A solid understanding of the business domain for the solution and of the business processes that the solution will support is essential to setting a good QA scope and approach.

The next step in defining the scope of software testing is to identify the test objectives and criteria, which are the goals and measures of the testing process. The test objectives should align with the project requirements and the expectations of the stakeholders and users. The test criteria should define the conditions and standards for evaluating the software quality, such as test coverage, defect severity, and acceptance criteria. You can use various tools and techniques to define the test objectives and criteria, such as SMART goals, test matrices, and test cases.

  • POOJA MADHURKAR

    Senior Development Engineer in Test SDET

    Define the scope of test coverage, including the features, functionalities, and components of the application that need to be tested. Identify the critical paths, key workflows, and business-critical scenarios that must be covered by testing.

  • Neil Hudson

    Software delivery and assurance specialist | Delivery and test transformation advisor

    We identify situation specific objectives. Objectives linked to the risks that are associated with the solution. The specificity of these objectives varies, some will be relatively high generic, eg. “Ensure incompatible date entered by users is handled appropriately”, whereas some may be specific, eg. “Confirm anomalies in the execution of payment card collection process do no duplicate collections”. We identify candidate objectives and then prioritise them to determine how much attention to pay to each one. This is part of a layered process that ensures appropriate attention is focussed on different risks. It brings forward thinking / decision making about the ‘content’ of the work without diving down into the detail of test scenarios.

The third step in defining the scope of software testing is to define the test strategy and plan, which are the approaches and actions for conducting the testing process. The test strategy should outline the scope, methods, levels, types, and tools of testing, as well as the roles and responsibilities of the test team. The test plan should specify the schedule, budget, resources, risks, and deliverables of testing, as well as the communication and reporting mechanisms. You can use various templates and frameworks to define the test strategy and plan, such as IEEE 829, ISTQB, and Agile.

  • POOJA MADHURKAR

    Senior Development Engineer in Test SDET

    The test strategy defines the overall goals and objectives of the testing effort, including what needs to be achieved and how testing aligns with the project’s objectives. Scope: It outlines the scope of testing, including what aspects of the software will be tested, such as functionality, performance, security, compatibility, and usability. Approach: The strategy outlines the testing approach, methodologies, techniques, and tools that will be used to conduct testing. It may include details on manual testing, automated testing, exploratory testing, or a combination of these approaches.

  • Supriya Dinde

    Scrum Master| Selenium-Java |Project Quality Manager

    We must divide the complex elements into smaller bits, which means establishing distinct milestones. Try to meet those goals in each sprint. Of course, we must evaluate priority. Prioritising modules by importance and dependencies is necessary. More team members on the project necessitate more precise management in order to meet the goal. Because numerous teams are working, each team may have a different scope for key milestones, but the overall goal will be the same for each team.

The final step in defining the scope of software testing is to review and validate the scope, which are the processes of verifying and confirming the scope with the relevant stakeholders and users. The review process should involve checking the accuracy, completeness, consistency, and feasibility of the scope, as well as identifying and resolving any gaps, conflicts, or ambiguities. The validation process should involve obtaining the approval, feedback, and sign-off of the scope, as well as documenting and communicating any changes or updates. You can use various methods and tools to review and validate the scope, such as walkthroughs, inspections, reviews, and audits.

  • Paul Sedgmore

    Senior QA

    When reviewing and validating Scope of testing you need to make sure that how it is broken down makes sense; for instance, if you work in sprints does the testing piece fit into a single sprint? if not then it needs to be broken down more. How much time of the sprint is the testing task taking? if it is a large portion of the sprint you risk losing some metrics for how things are progressing so you need to ask: Can this be broken down into smaller segments? if yes do it, not only does this open up more granular metrics no one likes to work on unnecessarily long testing tasks and its easier for testers to keep motivated by completing tasks than seeing a percentage of a much larger test plan increase.

  • POOJA MADHURKAR

    Senior Development Engineer in Test SDET

    identifying and resolving any gaps, conflicts, or ambiguities. The validation process should involve obtaining the You can use various methods and tools to review and validate the scope, such as walkthroughs, inspections, reviews, and aud

What is Scope Statement | Explained in 2 min
What is Scope Statement | Explained in 2 min

How to write a Test Plan

You already know that making a Test Plan is the most important task of Test Management Process. Follow the seven steps below to create a test plan as per IEEE 829

  1. Analyze the product
  2. Design the Test Strategy
  3. Define the Test Objectives
  4. Define Test Criteria
  5. Resource Planning
  6. Plan Test Environment
  7. Schedule & Estimation
  8. Determine Test Deliverables

Step 1) Analyze the product

How can you test a product without any information about it? The answer is Impossible. You must learn a product thoroughly before testing it.

The product under test is Guru99 banking website. You should research clients and the end users to know their needs and expectations from the application

  • Who will use the website?
  • What is it used for?
  • How will it work?
  • What are software/ hardware the product uses?

You can use the following approach to analyze the site

Now let’s apply above knowledge to a real product: Analyze the banking website

http://demo.guru99.com/V4

.

You should take a look around this website and also review product documentation. Review of product documentation helps you to understand all the features of the website as well as how to use it. If you are unclear on any items, you might interview customer, developer, designer to get more information.

Step 2) Develop Test Strategy

Test Strategy is a critical step in making a Test Plan in Software Testing. A Test Strategy document, is a high-level document, which is usually developed by Test Manager. This document defines:

  • The project’s testing objectives and the means to achieve them
  • Determines testing effort and costs

Back to your project, you need to develop Test Strategy for testing that banking website. You should follow steps below

Step 2.1) Define Scope of Testing

Before the start of any test activity, scope of the testing should be known. You must think hard about it.

  • The components of the system to be tested (hardware, software, middleware, etc.) are defined as “in scope“
  • The components of the system that will not be tested also need to be clearly defined as being “out of scope.”

Defining the scope of your testing project is very important for all stakeholders. A precise scope helps you

  • Give everyone a confidence & accurate information of the testing you are doing
  • All project members will have a clear understanding about what is tested and what is not

How do you determine scope your project?

To determine scope, you must –

  • Precise customer requirement
  • Project Budget
  • Product Specification
  • Skills & talent of your test team

Now should clearly define the “in scope” and “out of scope” of the testing.

  • As the software requirement specs, the project Guru99 Bank only focus on testing all the functions and external interface of website Guru99 Bank (in scope testing)
  • Nonfunctional testing such as stress, performance or logical database currently will not be tested. (out of scope)

Problem Scenario

The customer wants you to test his API. But the project budget does not permit to do so. In such a case what will you do?

Well, in such case you need to convince the customer that Api Testing is extra work and will consume significant resources. Give him data supporting your facts. Tell him if Api Testing is included in-scope the budget will increase by XYZ amount.

The customer agrees and accordingly the new scopes, out of scope items are

  • In-scope items: Functional Testing, Api Testing
  • Out of scope items: Database Testing, hardware & any other external interfaces

Step 2.2) Identify Testing Type

A Testing Type is a standard test procedure that gives an expected test outcome.

Each testing type is formulated to identify a specific type of product bugs. But, all Testing Types are aimed at achieving one common goal “Early detection of all the defects before releasing the product to the customer”

The commonly used testing types are described as following figure

There are tons of Testing Types for testing software product. Your team cannot have enough efforts to handle all kind of testing. As Test Manager, you must set priority of the Testing Types

  • Which Testing Types should be focused for web application testing?
  • Which Testing Types should be ignored for saving cost?

Which Testing Types should you focus in this case?

Select All that Apply

B) API Testing

C) Integration Testing

D) System Testing

E) Install/Uninstall Testing

F) Agile testing

We only select

B) API Testing

C) Integration Testing

D) System Testing

for Guru99 project

Step 2.3) Document Risk & Issues

Risk is future’s uncertain event with a probability of occurrence and a potential for loss. When the risk actually happens, it becomes the ‘issue’.

In the article Risk Analysis and Solution, you have already learned about the ‘Risk’ analysis in detail and identified potential risks in the project.

In the QA Test Plan, you will document those risks

Risk Mitigation
Team member lack the required skills for website testing. Plan training course to skill up your members
The project schedule is too tight; it’s hard to complete this project on time Set Test Priority for each of the test activity.
Test Manager has poor management skill Plan leadership training for manager
A lack of cooperation negatively affects your employees’ productivity Encourage each team member in his task, and inspire them to greater efforts.
Wrong budget estimate and cost overruns Establish the scope before beginning work, pay a lot of attention to project planning and constantly track and measure the progress

Step 2.4) Create Test Logistics

In Test Logistics, the Test Manager should answer the following questions:

  • Who will test?
  • When will the test occur?

Who will test?

You may not know exact names of the tester who will test, but the type of tester can be defined.

To select the right member for specified task, you have to consider if his skill is qualified for the task or not, also estimate the project budget. Selecting wrong member for the task may cause the project to fail or delay.

Person having the following skills is most ideal for performing software testing:

  • Ability to understand customers point of view
  • Strong desire for quality
  • Attention to detail
  • Good cooperation

In your project, the member who will take in charge for the test execution is the tester. Base on the project budget, you can choose in-source or outsource member as the tester.

When will the test occur?

Test activities must be matched with associated development activities.

You will start to test when you have all required items shown in following figure

Step 3) Define Test Objective

Test Objective is the overall goal and achievement of the test execution. The objective of the testing is finding as many software defects as possible; ensure that the software under test is bug free before release.

To define the test objectives, you should do 2 following steps

  1. List all the software features (functionality, performance, GUI…) which may need to test.
  2. Define the target or the goal of the test based on above features

Let’s apply these steps to find the test objective of your Guru99 Bank testing project

You can choose the ‘TOP-DOWN’ method to find the website’s features which may need to test. In this method, you break down the application under test to component and sub-component.

In the previous topic, you have already analyzed the requirement specs and walk through the website, so you can create a Mind-Map to find the website features as following

This figure shows all the features which the Guru99 website may have.

Based on above features, you can define the Test Objective of the project Guru99 as following

  • Check that whether website Guru99 functionality(Account, Deposit…) is working as expected without any error or bugs in real business environment
  • Check that the external interface of the website such as UI is working as expected and & meet the customer need
  • Verify the usability of the website. Are those functionalities convenient for user or not?

Step 4) Define Test Criteria

Test Criteria is a standard or rule on which a test procedure or test judgment can be based. There’re 2 types of test criteria as following

Suspension Criteria

Specify the critical suspension criteria for a test. If the suspension criteria are met during testing, the active test cycle will be suspended until the criteria are resolved.

Test Plan Example: If your team members report that there are 40% of test cases failed, you should suspend testing until the development team fixes all the failed cases.

Exit Criteria

It specifies the criteria that denote a successful completion of a test phase. The exit criteria are the targeted results of the test and are necessary before proceeding to the next phase of development. Example: 95% of all critical test cases must pass.

Some methods of defining exit criteria are by specifying a targeted run rate and pass rate.

  • Run rate is ratio between number test cases executed/total test cases of test specification. For example, the test specification has total 120 TCs, but the tester only executed 100 TCs, So the run rate is 100/120 = 0.83 (83%)
  • Pass rate is ratio between numbers test cases passed / test cases executed. For example, in above 100 TCs executed, there’re 80 TCs that passed, so the pass rate is 80/100 = 0.8 (80%)

This data can be retrieved in Test Metric documents.

  • Run rate is mandatory to be 100% unless a clear reason is given.
  • Pass rate is dependent on project scope, but achieving high pass rate is a goal.

Test Plan Example:Your Team has already done the test executions. They report the test result to you, and they want you to confirm the Exit Criteria.

In above case, the Run rate is mandatory is 100%, but the test team only completed 90% of test cases. It means the Run rate is not satisfied, so do NOT confirm the Exit Criteria

Step 5) Resource Planning

Resource plan is a detailed summary of all types of resources required to complete project task. Resource could be human, equipment and materials needed to complete a project

The resource planning is important factor of the test planning because helps in determining the number of resources (employee, equipment…) to be used for the project. Therefore, the Test Manager can make the correct schedule & estimation for the project.

This section represents the recommended resources for your project.

Human Resource

The following table represents various members in your project team

No. Member Tasks

1.

Test Manager

Manage the whole project

Define project directions

Acquire appropriate resources

2.

Tester

Identifying and describing appropriate test techniques/tools/automation architecture

Verify and assess the Test Approach

Execute the tests, Log results, Report the defects.

Tester could be in-sourced or out-sourced members, base on the project budget

For the task which required low skill, I recommend you choose outsourced members to save project cost.

3.

Developer in Test

Implement the test cases, test program, test suite etc.

4.

Test Administrator

Builds up and ensures Test Environment and assets are managed and maintained

SupportTester to use the test environment for test execution

5.

SQA members

Take in charge of quality assurance

Check to confirm whether the testing process is meeting specified requirements

System Resource

For testing, a web application, you should plan the resources as following tables:

No. Resources Descriptions

1.

Server

Install the web application under test

This includes a separate web server, database server, and application server if applicable

2.

Test tool

The testing tool is to automate the testing, simulate the user operation, generate the test results

There are tons of test tools you can use for this project such as Selenium, QTP…etc.

3.

Network

You need a Network include LAN and Internet to simulate the real business and user environment

4.

Computer

The PC which users often use to connect the web server

Step 6) Plan Test Environment

What is the Test Environment

A testing environment is a setup of software and hardware on which the testing team is going to execute test cases. The test environment consists of real business and user environment, as well as physical environments, such as server, front end running environment.

How to setup the Test Environment

Back to your project, how do you set up test environment for this banking website?

To finish this task, you need a strong cooperation between Test Team and Development Team

You should ask the developer some questions to understand the web application under test clearly. Here’re some recommended questions. Of course, you can ask the other questions if you need.

  • What is the maximum user connection which this website can handle at the same time?
  • What are hardware/software requirements to install this website?
  • Does the user’s computer need any particular setting to browse the website?

Following figure describes the test environment of the banking website

http://demo.guru99.com/V4

Step 7) Schedule & Estimation

In the article Test estimation, you already used some techniques to estimate the effort to complete the project. Now you should include that estimation as well as the schedule to the Test Planning

In the Test Estimation phase, suppose you break out the whole project into small tasks and add the estimation for each task as below

Task Members Estimate effort

Create the test specification

Test Designer

170 man-hour

Perform Test Execution

Tester, Test Administrator

80 man-hour

Test Report

Tester

10 man-hour

Test Delivery

20 man-hour

Total

280 man-hour

Then you create the schedule to complete these tasks.

Making schedule is a common term in project management. By creating a solid schedule in the Test Planning, the Test Manager can use it as tool for monitoring the project progress, control the cost overruns.

To create the project schedule, the Test Manager needs several types of input as below:

  • Employee and project deadline: The working days, the project deadline, resource availability are the factors which affected to the schedule
  • Project estimation: Base on the estimation, the Test Manager knows how long it takes to complete the project. So he can make the appropriate project schedule
  • Project Risk : Understanding the risk helps Test Manager add enough extra time to the project schedule to deal with the risks

Let’s practice with an example:

Suppose the boss wants to complete the project Guru99 in one month, you already estimated the effort for each tasks in Test Estimation. You can create the schedule as below

Step 8) Test Deliverables

Test Deliverables is a list of all the documents, tools and other components that has to be developed and maintained in support of the testing effort.

There are different test deliverables at every phase of the software development lifecycle.

Test deliverables are provided before testing phase.

  • Test plans document.
  • Test cases documents
  • Test Design specifications.

Test deliverables are provided during the testing

  • Test Scripts
  • Simulators.
  • Test Data
  • Test Traceability Matrix
  • Error logs and execution logs.

Test deliverables are provided after the testing cycles is over.

  • Test Results/reports
  • Defect Report
  • Installation/ Test procedures guidelines
  • Release notes

Resources

Download a sample Test Plan Template

OVERVIEW

A test plan is a precious written document that describes the testing strategy for a software or hardware project. It is a document that outlines the scope of testing, the resources needed, the test environment, and the test cases that will be executed. Its purpose is to ensure that the testing process is thorough and complete and that all necessary tests are conducted systematically and coordinated.

It acts as a detailed document to ensure the proper working of the software. The output from the testing phase is directly related to the quality of planning that went into it. These testing plans are usually developed during the development phase to save time for executing tests and reaching a mutual agreement with all the parties involved.

Although software testing is a foundational concept in software development, the idea of taking time to create software testing plans are often minimized or ignored altogether. This is unfortunate because these can significantly benefit all projects regardless of the life cycle.

How to write a Test Plan?

If you want to delve deeper into these points, you can explore them further in the latter part of this blog.

A test plan is a comprehensive document outlining the strategy, scope, and objectives of software testing. It includes key components like test objectives, test environments, test cases, and schedules. The purpose of a test plan is to ensure systematic and effective testing, identify defects, and improve software quality. Benefits include minimizing risks, enhancing product reliability, and meeting customer expectations.

It is the most important activity in ensuring that software testing is done according to plan. It acts as the go-to template for conducting software testing activities that are fully monitored and controlled by the testing manager. Developing a test plan involves the contribution of the test lead, the test manager, and the test engineer.

Along with identifying the objectives and scope of the software testing process, it specifies the methods to resolve any risks or errors. It also helps determine whether a product meets the expected quality standards before deployment.

Developing a test plan is an essential step in the software testing process. It is a document that outlines the strategy, approach, resources, and schedule for testing a software application. A well-written product test plan helps ensure that the software is thoroughly tested, meets the requirements, and is free of defects. It should be developed early in the software development process to incorporate testing into the overall development schedule. These application test plans must be reviewed and approved by the key stakeholders before testing begins.

To develop a test plan, you need to follow some steps in testing process. Here is a test plan example for a hypothetical software application:

This testing plan is for the Web Application XYZ, version 1.0. The objective of this testing is to ensure that the web application meets the requirements and is free of defects.

This is a sample test plan, it may vary depending on the complexity of the web application and the organization’s testing process. Likewise, you can create your own sample test plan depending on your software application requirements.

A test plan is the building block of every testing effort. It guides you through the process of checking a software product and clearly defines who will perform each step. A clear software development test plan ensures everyone is on the same page and working effectively towards a common goal.

Whether you are building an app or open-source software, a testing project plan helps you create a strong foundation.

The importance of a high-quality test plan rises when developers and testers need to identify risk areas, allocate the resources efficiently, and determine the order of testing activities. A well-developed testing plan acts as a blueprint that can be referred to at any stage of the product or software development life cycle.

Let’s discuss these processes in detail:

Determining the scope of test automation is an important step in creating a effective software testing plan. It involves identifying which parts of the software should be automated and which parts should be tested manually. Factors to consider when determining the scope of test automation include the complexity of the software, the time and resources available for testing, and the importance of the software’s functionality.

By determining the scope of test automation, the test plan can ensure that the testing process is efficient and effective, and that the software is thoroughly tested.

Selecting the right tool for automation is an important step in creation of a good testing plan. It involves evaluating different automation tools and selecting the one that is best suited for the software being tested. Factors to consider when selecting a tool include the compatibility of the tool with the software and its environment, the cost of the tool, and the level of support provided by the vendor.

By selecting the right tool, it can ensure that the testing process is efficient and effective, and that the software is thoroughly tested.

A test plan, test design, and test strategy are all closely related and should be included in it.

A test plan outlines the overall strategy and approach for testing the software. A test design includes the specific test cases, test scripts, and test data that will be used to test the software. A test strategy outlines the overall approach to testing, such as manual testing or automated testing, and how the testing process will be executed.

By including all of these elements, it ensures that the testing process is thorough and effective and that the software is thoroughly tested.

Explore our Analytical Test Strategy Guide. Understand its importance, roles, tools, defects management, metrics, automation, and more. Master analytical testing confidently.

Setting up the test environment is an important step in creating as it involves configuring the hardware and software that will be used for testing, including the operating system, browser versions, and any other relevant details.

Setting up the test environment ensures that the testing process is consistent and that all necessary areas are covered. It also helps to ensure that the testing process is efficient and effective, and that the software is thoroughly tested.

Automation test script development and execution are important steps in creating a software development testing plan. Automation test script development involves creating the scripts that will be used to automate the testing process. Automation test script execution involves running the automated scripts to test the software. This step is important because it ensures that the testing process is efficient and effective, and that the software is thoroughly tested.

Automation allows for the repeatability and consistency of tests which can save time and resources. It also allows for testing of large amounts of data and scenarios that would be impractical or impossible to test manually.

By including automation test script development and execution, testing plan ensures that the testing process is efficient and effective and that the software is thoroughly tested.

Analysis and generation of test reports are important steps in creating an exhaustive testing plan. Analysis involves evaluating the results of the testing process, identifying any defects, and determining the overall quality of the software.

Generation of test reports involves creating documents that summarize the results of the testing process, including any defects that were identified and how they were resolved.

These reports help to ensure that the testing process is thorough and effective, and that the software is thoroughly tested. They also provide transparency and accountability to all stakeholders and helps to identify areas of improvement.

Check out this detailed comparison between Test Plan and Test Strategy.

Test Plan Test Strategy
A test plan is a detailed blueprint highlighting software testing efforts’ scope, objective, and approach. Test strategy is an important set of decisions determining how testing needs to be done.
Test plan includes the following components- test plan id, product features, criteria for passing or failing features, testing techniques, tasks, test deliverables, etc. Test strategy includes the following components – team structures, objectives, scope, documentation formats, etc. Learn more about it by reading through this blog on Key elements of an effective test automation strategy.
It can be changed. It can’t be changed.
It exists independently. Test strategy constitutes a small section or part of a test plan.
Focuses more on details. Focuses more on general methodologies.
It is used at a project level. A test strategy is used for organization-level projects.
A testing manager or test administrator carries out a plan describing how to test, when to test, who will test, and what to test. A project manager carries out a test strategy that outlines the type of technique to follow and which module to test.
It is essential in determining how, when and by whom something will be tested. A test strategy should be based on the essential objectives of the approach.

Before you create your test plan, it is important to consider your intended consumers’ needs and ensure they are being met. This can be done by following a set of guidelines that will improve the quality of your testing plan tenfold.

Here are a few guidelines for preparing an effective test-plan:

Crafting a comprehensive test plan is crucial for successful software testing. It serves as a roadmap, guiding the testing process and ensuring thorough coverage. To create an effective test plan, follow a structured approach. This section provides step-by-step guidance on how to write a test plan, covering key elements like defining objectives, determining scope, identifying test cases, establishing a strategy, creating a schedule, and conducting reviews. Mastering the art of test plan creation enhances testing quality, minimizes risks, and delivers reliable software solutions that meet customer expectations.

To write an effective test plan in software testing plan, you need to follow these steps:

Before testing begins, it is important to know everything about the product/software. Questions such as how it was developed, its intended purpose, and how it works should be asked to understand its functionality better.

By understanding your software correctly, you can create test cases that provide the most insight into flaws or defects in your product.

To keep the test plan at a reasonable length, before creating it, you should consider what aspects of the product will be tested, what modules or functions need to be covered in detail, and any other essential information you should know about.

The scope of a test determines the areas of a customer’s product to be tested, what functionalities to focus on, what bug types the customer has an interest in, and which areas or features should not be tested.

Writing an effective test case is one of the most important parts of creating a software testing document. A test case is a document that helps you track what you have tested and what you have not. It should include information such as:

A test strategy is used to outline the testing approach for the software development cycle. It provides a rational deduction from organizational, high-level objectives to actual test activities to meet those objectives from a quality assurance perspective.

The test objectives form the foundation of your testing strategy. They are a prioritized list to verify that testing activity is consistent with project objectives and measure your progress towards completing all the test objectives. Every test case should be linked to a test objective.

Objectives might include things like:

Choosing the right software testing solution can be difficult. Some of these tools are software-based, while others may require a physical resource like a test machine. Therefore, choosing the best website testing tools for each job is essential, rather than relying on a one-size-fits-all solution.

The test objectives form the foundation of your testing strategy. They are a prioritized list to verify that testing activity is consistent with project objectives and measure your progress towards completing all the test objectives. Every test case should be linked to a test objective.

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Over 2 Million users across 130+ countries rely on LambdaTest for their web testing needs. Using LambdaTest, businesses can ensure quicker developer feedback and achieve faster go-to-market.

To ensure the success of your project, you should allocate time for ‘bug fixing’ sessions in your planning document. This will allow you to identify problems with the software early on before they become too problematic or expensive to fix.

Test criteria should be defined in the test case but can be included on a separate sheet of paper. Test criteria are essential objectives broken down into smaller parts. They have specific information about how each objective will be met, which helps you track your testing progress.

Suspension criteria are conditions that must be met before you can stop testing. For example, if a certain number of bugs have been found or the software cannot run due to performance issues, you may want to suspend testing.

Exit criteria are standards that must be met before testing can end. For example, once each objective has been completed, and all bugs have been resolved, you can stop testing a program.

Resource planning allows you to allocate and efficiently assign people to projects where needed. It can also help you in areas such as capacity management and resources needed based on roles and project needs. However, this functionality requires insight into project data.

Including a resource plan in your software testing document can help you list the number of people needed for each process stage. This will include what each person’s role is, as well as any training they’ll need to fulfill their responsibilities effectively.

To ensure quality testing, including information about the test environment you will be testing, along with some other important aspects such as:

Test management manages activities that ensure high-quality and high-end testing of software applications. This method consists of tracking, organizing, controlling, and checking the visibility of the testing process to deliver a high-quality software application.

Test management is one of the most important parts of the implementation process. Communication with your testers is vital to their progress and the usefulness of your testing document.

A test-plan is only as good as its schedule, which should outline specific deadlines and milestones. Milestones are significant events in a product’s development, like the product’s initial release, internal testing sessions, or public beta tests. They also included all other key points in time where your team needs to focus their efforts on testing.

To ensure that your testing document is complete, it should include a list of the deliverables required for testing. Make sure you link these lists to the steps in your schedule so that everyone knows when they need to be ready for action.

If you have a complex piece of software that requires a lot of testing, consider using automated testing. Automating the testing process makes it possible for testers to accomplish more in less time, thereby boosting productivity and significantly reducing the cost of testing. You can even speed up testing activities by using a mobile bot.

It consists of 16 standard attributes or components. We’ll discuss them in detail now:

To explain it better, check out this example. Features A, B, and C must be developed in an application. However, another company has already designed B; therefore, the development team will purchase B from that company and perform only integrated testing with A, B, and C.

Entry Conditions:

Exit Conditions:

Before Testing Phase:

During Testing Phase:

After Testing Phase:

The after-testing phase contains a testing plan and defect report, which is used to monitor and control the testing effort, and other components are used to summarize the effort.

Planning the test is an important activity of the testing process, regardless of which approach you to use.

When conducting a test, it is necessary to prepare and plan. Some resources are needed for your tests, such as people and environments. It defines these resources and expresses their needs to get them ready when you need them.

A test plan is a detailed blueprint that specifies how the testing will be carried out and what needs to be done to ensure that the software being built meets its requirements. It also provides a means of communicating to the rest of the organization and other organizations about how testing is planned. Without having a testing plan, people won’t know what to expect and may not have solid knowledge about testing goals.

We hope to address all of your questions about Test Plan in this tutorial.

Happy Testing!

A test plan defines the scope of a project’s testing and provides an understanding of the resources required to accomplish that scope. It is a detailed document that describes the scope of testing, the resources needed, the test environment, and the test cases that will be executed.

A test plan is a blueprint that describes the testing of a product. It outlines the exact methods used to test the software, helping developers determine whether their product works as it should. A typical test plan includes information about the product, objectives, resource requirements, test environment, risks and contingencies, scheduling and reporting, and deliverables of the finished test.

The purpose of a test plan is to lay out the details of the testing process. A good test plan should be well-organized and detailed. To create a solid test plan, identify all aspects of testing, including: scope, risks, test environment, resource requirements, etc.

A test plan in Quality Assurance (QA) is a document that outlines the steps required to perform the necessary QA testing. The purpose of a test plan in QA is to ensure that the product, project, or system being tested meets the required quality standards and is fit for its intended purpose.

The Test Plan document is usually prepared by the Test Lead or Test Manager and describes what testing activities will be performed, how each test will be conducted and when testing activities will take place.

In agile testing, a test plan outlines the type of testing in each iteration, such as test data requirements, infrastructure and environments needed for testing, and results. Unlike waterfall models, in which test plans are written before development begins, agile model testing plans are updated for every release. Typical tests in agile include test scope, infrastructure requirements, and test environment.

Reviewer’s Profile

Harshit Paul

Harshit is currently the Director of Product Marketing at LambdaTest. His professional experience spans over 7 years, with more than 5 years of experience with LambdaTest as a product specialist and 2 years at Wipro Technologies as a certified Salesforce developer. During his career, he has been actively contributing blogs, webinars as a subject expert around Selenium, browser compatibility, automation testing, DevOps, continuous testing, and more.

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What is a Test Plan? Test PlanTest Strategy (Ultimate Guide)

In software testing, a test plan is a must-have. A well-defined and comprehensive test plan provides all stakeholders involved with necessary information of the testing roadmap. Through it all members gain a shared vision for the testing approaches, strategies, objectives, resources, and timelines.

In this article, we will deep-dive into what a test plan is, why it is so important, and how to create a good test plan that truly improves the overall efficiency of your testing activities.

What Should be Included in the Test Scope?

The test scope serves as the roadmap for your software testing journey, guiding your efforts and ensuring a systematic and comprehensive approach. To create an effective test scope, it’s important to include specific elements that provide clarity and direction to your testing efforts. Here’s a breakdown of what should be included in a test scope:

Terms of the Test

The “terms of the test” section sets the stage for your testing activities. It defines the overarching rules and conditions that govern the testing process. For instance, if you’re testing a mobile banking app, you might specify that testing will be conducted in a sandbox environment to protect real customer data.

Example: “Testing will be conducted in a sandbox environment to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer data.”

Test Environment

This section details the technical setup required for testing. If you’re testing a web application, it should specify the browsers, operating systems, and network configurations to be used. Consider it as defining the playing field for your testing.

Example: “Test environment includes Chrome, Firefox, and Edge browsers on Windows 10, macOS, and Linux operating systems.”

Features to Be Tested

List the specific features, modules, or functionalities of the software under examination. If you’re testing a video streaming platform, this could encompass user registration, content playback, and subscription management.

Example: “Features to be tested include user registration, content playback, and subscription management.”

Acceptance Criteria

Acceptance criteria lay out the conditions that the software must meet to be deemed acceptable. For instance, if you’re testing a document management system, the acceptance criteria may specify that it should handle files of up to 100MB without performance degradation.

Example: “Acceptance criteria: The document management system should handle files up to 100MB without a decrease in performance.”

Bug Types

Define the types of defects you’ll be looking for during testing. For a mobile gaming app, bug types could include functionality issues (game crashes), usability problems (difficulties navigating menus), and performance bottlenecks (slow loading times).

Example: “Bug types include functionality issues (crashes), usability problems (navigation glitches), and performance bottlenecks (slow loading).”

Test Instructions

Provide detailed instructions on how to perform each test case. Imagine you’re testing an e-commerce website; your test instructions could specify the steps for adding a product to the cart, proceeding to checkout, and making a payment.

Example: “Test instructions for adding a product to the cart:

Step 1 – Navigate to the product page.

Step 2 – Click the ‘Add to Cart’ button.

Step 3 – Verify the item is added to the cart.”

Attachments

Include any relevant attachments, such as test data files or screenshots of expected outcomes. For instance, when testing a photo editing app, you might attach image files to be used in test cases.

Example: “Attachments: Sample image files for use in image editing test cases.”

Schedule and Timeline

Specify the timeframe for testing activities. If you’re testing a project management software, you might set a timeline that allocates two weeks for user acceptance testing (UAT) before the final release.

Example: “Schedule: User acceptance testing (UAT) phase to commence on August 15th, with a planned duration of two weeks.”

Resources Required

List the resources necessary for testing. In the case of testing a GPS navigation app, resources could include physical smartphones with various GPS capabilities for location testing or device farms hosted on the cloud that provides these functionalities.

Example: “Resources required: Android and iOS smartphones with GPS functionality for location testing.”

Deliverables

Describe the tangible outputs of the testing process. For a financial software system, deliverables could encompass a comprehensive test report, including test cases, defect logs, and performance metrics.

Example: “Deliverables: Test report with detailed test cases, defect logs, and performance metrics.”

Review and Approval Process

Outline the steps for reviewing and approving the test scope. In a healthcare application project, this might involve the QA team reviewing the document and the project manager giving final approval before testing starts.

Example: “Review and approval process: QA team to review the test scope, followed by approval from the project manager.”

By incorporating these diverse elements into your test scope, you’ll ensure that it’s thorough and tailored to your specific testing needs. Like a well-prepared toolkit, your test scope will guide you through the testing process, leaving no stone unturned in your quest for software quality.

What is a test plan? - in 1 minute.
What is a test plan? – in 1 minute.

How to Improve Test Coverage?

#Remove Dead Code

Total coverage can be defined as a ratio of code coverage and test coverage (covered_code/total_code). You can increase coverage by decreasing the denominator which is a total code. This can be possible by removing the Dead code or Zombie code. Usually, Dead code can be found in program history in which feature code was added, deleted or disabled, and the debugging code was likewise added and deleted. In this way, you can increase your total code coverage ratio without writing any additional tests.

Dead code can be found easily by manual testing or using automation tools. Before removal of dead code, you need to perform functional testing and if it performs exactly as per requirements than unused can be removed. You can also use static test coverage analysis tools to identify the unused dead code from the source code. The effectiveness of static analysis, however, depends on tools, language and architecture, but it’s a good start.

#Remove Redundant/Cloned Code

Removing cloned code can improve test coverage ratios in the same way as removing dead code.

The long program contains base code and code blocks which have clones in the programme. If you find these clones and remove it, you can increase test coverage with two improvements, one is size reduction and the second is “free” additional testing. You can increase your test coverage 5-10% by removing the cloned code from your source code.

#Increase device coverage

The digital space is complex more than ever. Mobile devices and OS versions are also being introduced to the market in a similar cadence while desktop browsers like Chrome and Firefox are releasing a public beta or GA on a regular basis. While each release not just introduces a test coverage challenge, but also introduces new features and functionalities which require additional testing efforts.

To measure maximum testing coverage, Perfecto Mobile has built a methodology that is based on market usage analytics and looks at the market devices from various angles.

The way to measure mobile testing coverage is to understand through usage and customer analytics. Make a list of top 30 devices that are mostly used in your geography. Also, make sure to include devices from both iOS and Android OS version perspective as well as device ages (New and trending, Most popular, Legacy).

For iOS, you can include top 3 or 4 OS families based on current OS and devices statistics when you start measuring it. Currently, top 3 families are iOS 11, iOS 10 and iOS 9. The problem is that there are devices that can only run on iOS9.3.5 (iPhone 4S, iPad Mini), and old devices like the iPhone 5, 5C, iPad 4th Gen will be left behind with OS upgradations.

For Android, the complication is even higher. To access the latest version of Android OS, developers and test engineers must use Google devices such as Nexus/Pixel or other brands who get the latest updates.

To measure and keep up with the mobile market coverage, you can consider 3 layer methodology of Essential, Enhanced and Extended segments as an Index of top used devices per geography. This approach provides data-driven test coverage by combining multiple Devices/OSs with characteristics like ageing, screen parameters and other testing related guidelines.

To project the upcoming releases of devices, OS versions, browsers you need to build a mobile market calendar, use it with existing analytics and validate and calibrate this data on a quarterly basis as a continuous practice.

Benefits of Test Coverage

#Eliminates defects at early stages

You can identify gaps in requirements, test cases and defects at early stages of your product development life cycle. It saves you from a lot of headaches later.

#Better coverage

Test coverage creates more test cases to ensure superior coverage. This leads to fewer defects and work to do at later stages. Moreover, you get to increase customer satisfaction with a refined product.

#Removes redundant cases

Test coverage is especially useful in identifying and eliminating test cases that don’t make much sense in the current project. Your developers can report these cases to remove them and make the overall code lighter.

#Higher ROI

With fewer defects at production stages and lesser user acceptance testing defects, test coverage can have a significant impact on the ROI. All the resources which would’ve been spent on addressing defects, now translate into your profits.

#Discovers uncovered areas

Test coverage helps you unearth areas of a program that have not been covered by a set of test cases. It helps make your program more robust and error-free.

#Superior control

Test coverage gives you a better control over the resources during the product development lifecycle. You save time by eliminating defects earlier and faster. The saved time allows you to keep a tab of costs. And most importantly, you get to have a firm grip on the scope of the project.

#Smoother testing cycles

You can prevent defect leakage using Test coverage analysis. Test coverage also helps in Regression testing, test case prioritization, test suite augmentation and test suite minimization. All this leads to smoother yet efficient testing cycles.

Before we dive deeper into test coverage and it’s techniques, let’s also discuss another wildly popular testing methodology— code coverage.

Test Plan in Software Testing Detailed Explanation
Test Plan in Software Testing Detailed Explanation

Chat information

The team leader or Customer Success Manager might have provided additional information about the scope or posted important reminders. Please always check the chat if you see that there are new messages. Whenever you have any questions about the environment or the scope of the cycle, please use the chat to ask for the Team Leader or even other testers’ help.

Out of scope

Out of scope means that something is not supposed to be tested. Note that the following points are always out of scope (unless stated differently in the test description):

  • Legal problems. We are not legal advisors and the severity of a bug is not determined by legal provisions, frameworks, or standards.

  • Problems related to browser extensions, ad-blockers, or virus scanners, e.g. blocking certain contents or even the execution of apps.

  • Website content should not be changed, e.g. by using the Google Translator service to translate the website into a different language, as it may lead to unexpected behaviour.

  • Set up problems in tests.

Setup problems

Setup problems are not legitimate bugs – it only means there is a problem with the test setup or the test environment. Please report them to Team Leader via the test chat who will in turn contact the CSM. Here are a few examples:

  • The URL given in the test environment section of a test is wrong (404 error).

  • The test environment can only be accessed with credentials, but none are given or the given ones don’t work.

  • The test environment requires a proxy or VPN to be accessed but this information is missing in the instructions (403, 1020 errors).

  • An app cannot be downloaded or installed.

  • The environment is not available for some time while testing. Remember the customer might update the environment during a test run, so make sure your issues are not temporary ones.

  • The customer provided login or payment credentials for user accounts but they don’t work.

  • A link on a staging environment redirects to their live website. The link was not updated to point to the staging environment during the test environment setup.

  • The device requirements for a test e.g. list iOS 9 but the app under test can only be installed on iOS 10 and above.

The scope is unclear or contains contradicting information

If you don’t understand something about the scope or if you find contradicting information, please contact the test’s Team Leader via the test chat as described in the article Confusing Instructions. Sharing such information helps us improve the setups of future tests.

Test PlanTest Strategy

The test strategy document gives a higher level perspective than the test plan, and contents in the test plan must be aligned with the direction of the test strategy.

Test strategy provides general methods for product quality, tailored to different software types, organizational needs. quality policy compliance, and the overall testing approach. The test plan, on the other hand, is created for specific projects, and considers goals, stakeholders, and risks. In Agile development, a master plan for the project can be made, with specific sub-plans for each iteration.

The table below provides a detailed comparison between the two:

Test Strategy

Test Plan

Purpose

Provides a high-level approach, objectives, and scope of testing for a software project

Specifies detailed instructions, procedures, and specific tests to be conducted

Focus

Testing approach, test levels, types, and techniques

Detailed test objectives, test cases, test data, and expected results

Audience

Stakeholders, project managers, senior testing team members

Testing team members, test leads, testers, and stakeholders involved in testing

Scope

Entire testing effort across the project

Specific phase, feature, or component of the software

Level of Detail

Less detailed and more abstract

Highly detailed, specifying test scenarios, cases, scripts, and data

Flexibility

Allows flexibility in accommodating changes in project requirements

Relatively rigid and less prone to changes during the testing phase

Longevity

Remains relatively stable throughout the project lifecycle

Evolves throughout the testing process, incorporating feedback and adjustments

What is a Test Plan? Software Testing Tutorial
What is a Test Plan? Software Testing Tutorial

Test Scope and Test Automation

Test scope and test automation are intrinsically linked, with test scope defining the boundaries of testing and test automation providing the means to efficiently carry out those testing efforts.

Within the context of test scope, it’s crucial to identify where test automation can bring the most value. This involves recognizing areas where automation can significantly reduce manual effort, improve testing efficiency, and enhance test coverage. These areas might include repetitive test cases, regression testing, or scenarios that require a wide range of data inputs.

As part of the test scope definition, it’s essential to specify which test cases will be automated and which will be manually tested. This distinction ensures that automation efforts are targeted appropriately and align with project objectives. Not all test cases may be suitable for automation, so clarity in this regard is essential.

Setting automation criteria is another vital aspect of integrating test scope and test automation. These criteria help you determine which test cases are suitable candidates for automation. Factors like test case stability, repeatability, and the frequency of execution play a significant role in guiding this decision-making process.

Moreover, the choice of an automation framework is influenced by the test scope. The framework selected should align with the testing goals and the technical landscape of the software being tested. It should be capable of effectively addressing the scope’s objectives, whether they involve functional, performance, security, or other forms of testing.

Lastly, resource and skill requirements for test automation should be considered within the test scope. Clearly articulating the resources needed and the expertise required to implement and maintain automation ensures that the automation effort is well-planned and adequately supported.

In summary, test scope and test automation are intertwined elements of the testing process. While the test scope defines the boundaries and objectives of testing, test automation provides the tools and techniques to efficiently carry out those testing efforts. By effectively integrating these two aspects, testing teams can optimize their testing efforts and deliver higher-quality software products.

How To Create a Test Plan?

Before creating a test plan, make sure that you have involved all the necessary stakeholders. The QAs should not be the only one doing this. Developers should provide technical input on the system architecture, software design, and coding standards to inform the testing approach. Similarly, the business analyst and domain-specific experts might also need to be involved to provide insights from the business side. Cross-team effort in the test planning should be encouraged.

After that, we can start test planning, which consists of 9 steps:

Product Analysis

This is the preliminary stage when everyone gathers to develop a deep understanding of the product under test, most importantly its underlying architecture. Along the development roadmap, when testers have gained a firm understanding of the product, this stage gradually turns from product analysis to a review session of previous testing efforts.

Testers typically begin by reviewing the product specifications, documentation, and any other relevant information that is available to identify the features and functions of the product that need to be tested. Also, make sure to identify any dependencies or external systems that the product interacts with, since bugs may arise due to miscommunication between these modules.

Ask your stakeholders:

  • What are the primary objectives of the product?
  • Who is the target audience for the product?
  • What are the key features of the product that are most important to the customer?
  • What are the potential risks or challenges associated with the product?
  • What are the critical quality attributes or performance metrics that the product must meet?

Determine Testing Objective

Based on the information gathered from the Product Analysis session, the QA manager starts to develop a Test Strategy document, which is a higher-level plan that outlines the project objectives. Usually it details the types of testing to be conducted so teams can prepare resources as well as technology to better meet these objectives.

There are plenty of testing types, but they usually are categorized into 2 major groups: functional tests (such as API testing) and non-functional tests (such as visual testing).

These objectives are not set in stone. Keep in mind that you can always shift your test objectives. However, at the earlier stages, a priority value should be assigned to each objective, so that teams know which objectives should be accomplished first. Usually those would be objectives with many dependencies. Over time, in face of requirement changes and evolving needs, teams may need to deprioritize certain objectives, and the test plan will be where we keep track of those changes.

Another important aspect of defining test objectives is the entry and exit criteria. Essentially they are sets of conditions that must be met to begin and end a particular phase of software development and testing.

Several entry criteria to consider:

  • The completion of development and unit testing
  • Availability of necessary test data and test environment
  • Signed-off requirements and test plans
  • Test scripts and test cases prepared and reviewed
  • Test automation infrastructure ready
  • Configuration management completed

Several exit criteria to consider:

  • All critical defects have been resolved and retested
  • All test cases have been executed and passed
  • All performance targets have been met
  • Acceptance criteria have been met and signed off
  • System is ready for production deployment
  • Test summary report has been prepared and reviewed

At its core, defining entry and exit criteria is defining the scope of your test plan. These criteria are usually defined and agreed upon from the get-go so teams have a clear idea of where they are supposed to be heading.

Sometimes teams may even need to define a suspension criteria i.e. when should teams stop testing entirely and send the code back to the dev team to troubleshoot. This happens when there are too many bugs that it becomes counterproductive to test. To avoid this, teams usually conduct sanity checks beforehand (which are basically small-scale testing to gauge the overall quality of the code) so that they don’t waste resources doing unnecessary tests on a broken build.

Identify Test Scenarios Based On The Outlined Testing Objectives

This is when we get into the granularity and the specifics. Based on all of the information outlined before, the QA team members can now start brainstorming test scenarios. Think about how users interact with your system.

Let’s say that the testing team is working on testing a new e-commerce website that allows users to purchase products online. The team has the following business logic, requirements, and test objectives:

Business Logic:

  • Users can search for products by category, name, or brand.
  • Users can add products to their shopping cart and checkout.
  • Users can make payments using different payment methods.

Requirements:

  • The search feature must be accurate and fast.
  • The shopping cart and checkout must display accurate pricing information.
  • The payment process must be reliable and secured

Test Objectives:

  • Verify the accuracy and speed of the search feature.
  • Verify the accuracy of the pricing information in the shopping cart and in checkout
  • Verify the security and ease of use of the payment process.

The testing team can brainstorm test scenarios based on the business logic, requirements, and test objectives. Here are some examples:

Scenario 1: Search by category

Objective: Verify the accuracy and speed of the search features

Test Steps: Search for products by category, such as electronics, apparel, or home goods. Verify that the search results are accurate and displayed quickly.

Scenario 2: Add products to shopping cart

Objective: Verify the accuracy of the pricing information in the shopping cart

Test Steps: Add one or more products to the shopping cart. Verify that the pricing information is accurate and reflects any discounts or promotions.

Scenario 3: Checkout process

Objective: Verify the security and ease of use of the checkout process.

Test Steps: Navigate through the checkout process, including entering shipping and billing information, selecting a shipping method, and reviewing the order summary. Verify that the process is secure, easy to use, and free of errors.

Scenario 4: Payment process

Objective: Verify the reliability and error-free operation of the payment process.

Test Steps: Choose a payment method, such as credit card, PayPal, or Apple Pay. Enter payment information and complete the payment process. Verify that the payment is processed correctly and that no errors occur.

Note that the examples above are must-haves, and QA teams must brainstorm even more scenarios depending on the specific design and context of the application under test. For example, a product that allows recording and voice search may require testing for the integration and interaction with external devices.

Another interesting question to be raised is “What defines a feature work or not work?”. To have a clear-cut plan, you need to include assertions, which are conditions that a detected bug is truly a bug. Here is a quick list of 10 assertions that you can use:

  1. Equality assertion: verifies that two values are equal or not equal.
  2. Null assertion: verifies that a value is null or not null.
  3. True/false assertion: verifies that a value is true or false.
  4. Greater than/less than assertion: verifies that a value is greater than or less than another value.
  5. Range assertion: verifies that a value falls within a specified range.
  6. Length assertion: verifies the length of a string or array.
  7. Type assertion: verifies the data type of a value.
  8. Exception assertion: verifies that a specific exception is thrown.
  9. Performance assertion: verifies the performance of a system under specific conditions.
  10. State assertion: verifies the state of an object or system at a particular point in time.

You should always categorize which tests should be performed manually or automatically.

Resource Planning

With all of the important items listed out, both teams have a clear idea of what will be tested. The QA manager can now work on resource planning. Usually the following resources should be available.

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Testing tools
  • Personnel
  • Training materials
  • Testing environment
  • Data
  • Time
  • Budget
  • Communication and collaboration tools

The important element in resource planning is the testing tool. Not just a normal automation testing tool that allows you to create and execute tests. For the most value, you would want an automation testing platform that encompasses test planning, creation, execution, management, environment setup, and test reporting – for all of your testing types, in 1 place.

The content of a test case will be organized into different folders. This simplifies test planning when all of the test artifacts are displayed in 1 place, allowing your team to have a comprehensive, intuitive, and hierarchical view, no matter what testing stage you are in.

Object Repository is Katalon’s centralized location for storing and managing your UI elements and properties such as buttons or text fields. They can be captured with Object Spy or while recording a test.

Deciding how to execute your tests is also easier. Instead of planning for investments into physical machines to run different types of tests, or considering local/remote execution, with Katalon, you’re just a command-line away from running Katalon tests in parallel with other automated test suites on:

  • Web and mobile browsers: the latest version of Chrome, Firefox, Safari and Microsoft Edge/IE mode
  • Mobile devices: the latest version of Android & iOS
  • CI pipelines: Jenkins, CircleCI, Bitbucket, AWS CodePipeline, etc.
  • Docker containers

For test planning specifically, Katalon and Jira integration helps you report, track, and manage defects. Testers can filter tickets, find root causes with linked requirements, and view defect trends to streamline the tracking process and improve day-to-day jobs.

Not just test planning, with the Katalon Platform, teams can script and debug automation tests, build their own keywords library or record test steps from UI interactions. With record-and-playback, Katalon allows testers to auto-capture test objects, properties, and locators for faster test authoring.

For those who have coding expertise and are looking for customization, Katalon has a full-code scripting interface in Java/Groovy. Code-support features, including syntax highlighting, code suggestion, and debugging are also available.

Start Testing With Katalon Platform

Define Test Deliverables

Test deliverables are the artifacts that are produced during the testing process and that provide evidence of the testing activities that were performed. These deliverables may vary depending on the type of testing being conducted and the specific requirements of the project. Examples of test deliverables include:

  • Test Cases
  • Test Scripts
  • Test Results
  • Test Summary Report
  • Defect Reports
  • Traceability Matrix
  • Test Environment
  • User Acceptance Report

Define Test Schedule

After that, based on the list of deliverables, you can start thinking about the test schedule. Estimate the approximate time it takes for each stage of the testing activities based on their complexity, their dependencies, resources required, and many other factors.

Set milestones along the way. They are the signals and temporary checkpoints to tell you and your team where your team is heading. Have clear delivery dates.

If you notice, we are essentially following the SMART rules. Sticking to the 5 letters of the SMART rules and you should have a well-defined test plan.

Review And Finalize

This is the final QA step for your QA plan. Review the items you laid out. Ask yourself several questions to check your previous decisions:

  1. Have we included all the key requirements and features that need to be tested?
  2. What are the potential risks that could affect the testing process, and have we included strategies to mitigate them in the test plan?
  3. Is the test environment fully prepared and available for testing? Have we checked that it meets the requirements outlined in the test plan?
  4. Have we allocated the necessary resources for the testing activities, such as personnel and tools?
  5. Is the testing schedule feasible and does it align with the overall project timeline?

Once it’s all good, you have a clear test plan ready to be used.

What is Test Plan? | Test Plan in Software Testing | Software Testing Tutorial |  Edureka
What is Test Plan? | Test Plan in Software Testing | Software Testing Tutorial | Edureka

What is Test Coverage Matrix?

TCM is a matrix table which is used to make sure that all the possible conditions/features that are to be tested are thought of. It also helps in identifying the probable gaps. It can be seen as a checklist which ensures that the functionality of the given screen is verified in all the possible combinations.

To get started with test coverage matrix, there are no prerequisites. You may create your own table, considering the following table as an example.

Feature Module Case Type Test Case
User Login Default Case Valid username, valid password
Negative Invalid username, valid password
Negative Valid username, invalid password
Negative Empty username, empty password
Boundary Username & password exceeding the maximum length of 10 characters

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How to write test cases in JIRA? JIRA Tutorials | ITlearn360
How to write test cases in JIRA? JIRA Tutorials | ITlearn360

What is A Test Plan?

A test plan is a formal document that serves as a comprehensive and structured description of the testing activities and strategies that will be employed to check the quality of the software system under test. This document provides detailed information on the approach, methodology, scope, objectives, resources, timelines, and risks associated with the project.

The test planning process can be different depending on the methodology the team chose. For example, in Agile development, the test plan can be developed in smaller chunks during each separate iteration instead of at the very beginning of the entire project for other testing methodologies. This allows for better revision and adjustment of the test plan in case problems arise.

What is the Importance of Test Plan?

Making Test Plan document has multiple benefits

  • Help people outside the test team such as developers, business managers, customers understand the details of testing.
  • Test Plan guides our thinking. It is like a rule book, which needs to be followed.
  • Important aspects like test estimation, test scope, Test Strategy are documented in Test Plan, so it can be reviewed by Management Team and re-used for other projects.
Tester là làm gì, Test case, Manual Test, Automation test là làm gì
Tester là làm gì, Test case, Manual Test, Automation test là làm gì

What are Test Coverage Metrics?

Test coverage metrics measure the test effort and help answer, “How much of the application was tested?” Test coverage metrics can be divided into three parts: code-level metrics, feature testing metrics and application level metrics. There are various test coverage formulas to calculate these results and generate test coverage reports.

For example, “Of these tests that are passing or failing, what are the artefacts or area of my application that they are designed to ensure my products are produced in high quality.” Below are 5 key test coverage metrics.

Code level metrics

#Test Execution Coverage Percentage

It also called as executed tests and it is a percentage of passed/executed tests out of the total number of tests.

The advantage is that you get an overview of testing progress by counting the number of passed and failed tests.

The disadvantage is that counting test cases passed doesn’t say anything about the quality of those tests. For example, some tests might pass because it checks the trivial condition or some error in the test code while it’s not functioning as per requirement.

Feature testing metrics

#Requirements coverage

Requirements coverage is used to determine how well the test cases cover the software requirements. For that, you simply need to divide the number of requirements covered by the total number of scoped requirements for a sprint, release or project.

In the Requirements module, you create test coverage by linking tests to a requirement. Test coverage assesses the impact of a change in the test or requirement.

Instead of covering each requirement only at the level of the test, you can cover a requirement by test configurations. A test configuration represents a specific use-case of a test. Covering test configurations with requirements provides finer granularity by covering multiple use cases.

#2. Test cases by the requirement

This metric is used to see what features are being tested and the number of tests that aligned with a requirement. Most of the requirements contain multiple test cases. It is very important to know which test cases are failed for a particular requirement to rewrite the test cases for specific requirements.

This metric is very important for stakeholders as it shows the progress of the app/software development.

Application level metrics

#Defect Density

Defect density is a measure of the total known defects divided by the size of the software entity being measured.

It is used to identify the areas which require automation. If defect density is high for the specific functionality than it requires retesting. To reduce the efforts of retesting, test cases for known defects can be automated.

It is important to consider the priority of the defect (low or high) while evaluating the defects. For example, multiple low priority defects may pass because the acceptance criteria have been satisfied. And on the other hand, only one high priority defect may prevent acceptance criteria from being satisfied. Higher-priority defects are generally weighted more heavily as part of this metric.

#2. Requirements without Test Coverage

After calculating the requirements coverage, you will find some requirements which are not covered. Now, it is important to know about each requirement which has not been covered and what stage the requirement is in.

This metric helps test engineers and developers to identify and eliminate uncovered requirements from total requirements before they send them to the production phase.

Bug types and severities

Customers are usually only interested in certain bug types and/or severities, not in all of them at once (Functional, Content, Visual, Usability). You can see which bug types and severities are in scope by checking out the payout table in the right sidebar on the test overview page:

If a bug type/severity is not listed there, you won’t be able to select it in the bug form, and it is thus out of scope. E.g. if the payout table does not list the bug type Visual, you may not report visual bugs.

What is Test Plan? How to Prepare Test Plan | Manual Testing Tutorial For Beginners| #Tech agent 2.0
What is Test Plan? How to Prepare Test Plan | Manual Testing Tutorial For Beginners| #Tech agent 2.0

Test Plan vs Test Strategy: Key Differences

Simply put, both the Test Plan and Test Strategy are essential documents in the testing process, but they serve different purposes and address different levels of detail. The Test Plan focuses on the specifics of testing for a particular project, while the Test Strategy sets the overarching approach and principles for testing across projects or the entire organization.

You can have a look at the table below to better understand the differences between the two

Aspect

Test Plan

Test Strategy

Definition

A Test Plan outlines the approach, scope, objectives, resources, and schedule for testing a specific project or product.

A Test Strategy defines the high-level approach to testing for an organization or a project, guiding the overall testing process.

Scope

Focuses on the details of how testing will be carried out for a specific project.

Encompasses a broader perspective, outlining principles, objectives, and methods to achieve consistent testing across projects.

Purpose

Provides a detailed roadmap for the testing activities, including what, when, and how to test.

Sets the direction for testing efforts, aligning them with the organization’s goals and helping in making important testing decisions.

Audience

Primarily for the project team, including testers, developers, managers, and stakeholders.

Aimed at management, project leads, and high-level stakeholders involved in decision-making for testing strategies.

Contents

Includes test scope, objectives, resources, schedule, test environment, test cases, entry/exit criteria, risks, and deliverables.

Covers testing approach, testing types (functional, performance, security, etc.), tools, defect management, risk assessment, and overall process.

Level of Detail

Provides a detailed breakdown of test activities, including specific test cases, procedures, and schedules.

Offers a broader overview of the testing approach, principles, and guidelines, rather than focusing on specific details.

Timeframe

Typically created for a specific project phase or release.

Generally applies to multiple projects or the entire organization and is less time-bound.

Flexibility

More rigid and specific to the project, allowing less flexibility to adapt to changing circumstances.

Offers more flexibility in adapting to various project needs, as it doesn’t delve into specifics.

Dependencies

Based on the broader guidelines outlined in the Test Strategy.

Driven by the organization’s policies, best practices, and project-specific requirements.

Communication

Essential for aligning the project team and stakeholders on the testing approach and execution.

Ensures that testing efforts are aligned with the overall organizational goals and standards.

Revision and Updates

Needs to be updated more frequently, especially with changes in project scope or requirements.

Changes less frequently and provides a stable framework for testing efforts across multiple projects.

Example Use Case

Creating a detailed plan for testing a specific software release or product update.

Establishing guidelines for how various types of testing (functional, performance, etc.) will be conducted within the organization.

Read More: How To Write Test Strategy?

In software development, a test plan defines your testing team’s test strategy, goals, and scope, which ultimately work together to ensure that all your software components are tested sufficiently before a release.

Follow these six steps to create an efficient test plan:

  1. Define the release scope
  2. Schedule timelines
  3. Define test objectives
  4. Determine test deliverables
  5. Design the test strategy
  6. Plan test environment and test data

Attachments

In some cases, one or more attachments might be provided. They will be found in the right sidebar on the test overview page. Those are usually Spreadsheets, Documents, Images, Videos or PDF files given by the customer directly. The attachments might contain important information or requirements from the customer so make sure you checked them carefully before starting to test the app or website.

Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) In Software Testing
Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) In Software Testing

Test coverage in Test Driven Development (TDD)

Following TDD makes sure each new development has automation test coverage and the behaviour is safeguarded iteration after iteration. Generally, writing tests first is strongly correlated with better coverage, and better coverage is strongly correlated with fewer bugs. It also tells us that writing tests first correlates with better API designs.

Let’s take an example to understand how TDD can facilitate better test coverage. At Simform, we follow 2-week sprint as a part of agile methodology in software development.

  • Sprint – Week 1

In the planning session, our engineering team shortlists the x most important stories on the backlog for delivery. The Quality Assurance team analyses the new sprint backlog and maps out all the test scenarios they would be covering in their test cases. These scenarios are then passed over to the development team for doing unit testing.

  • Sprint – Week 2

While the QA team was busy preparing initial test cases, the development team has kicked off programming and looking into the test case scenarios. In the second week, testers have completely scripted new test cases and prioritized the test scenarios. Thus at this moment, the tester are pretty confident about the test coverage.

  • Sprint – Week 3

Developers have used the test scenarios and test cases to complete unit testing of their codes. This has led to weeding out of easy to find and conspicuous bugs. Further the code is deployed using continuous integration and continuous deployment tools to facilitate end-to-end functional testing. Tester use the detailed test cases to execute end-to-end functional testing and identify critical bugs.

As we get to the end of Sprint, the team is ready for the product release with a good 85%+ test coverage and no critical bugs. Thus Test driven development makes a high test coverage possible which leads to robust product and satisfied customer.

However, if you are doing TDD by the book you should always end up with 100% test code coverage because you will never add new functionality to the application, a new branch in code, without first having failing tests for that specific new piece of code.

Conclusion

Development is more systematic nowadays and organizations seek measures of testing completeness and effectiveness to show test completion criteria. Of them all, test coverage is considered especially valuable.

To ensure that our software testing services are at par, we believe in a structured approach since the software test coverage is a critical factor to measure and ensure the quality of software.

How do you use test coverage to ensure the software quality? Let me know in the comments.

How To Write Test Strategy? Test Plan vs Test Strategy

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The Askar 185 APO is a BUDGET MONSTER

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More relevant reading

  • Software TestingHow have you overcome software testing challenges?
  • Software DevelopmentHow do you manage software testing in a fast-paced environment?
  • Creative StrategyHow can you ensure an effective test strategy for manual and automated testing?
  • Quality AssuranceWhat are the key steps to effective test planning?
Project Scope Statement: How to Create it on Example
Project Scope Statement: How to Create it on Example

What do you Measure Test Coverage Against?

The one thing many QA teams don’t consider while measuring test coverage: What Do You Measure Test Coverage Against? Or How to Measure the Test Coverage? Or How to Ensure Test Coverage?

Test coverage measured against lines of code. It is a Test Execution Coverage Percentage which is discussed above. For example, If you have executed 800 lines of code through test cases, out of 1000 lines of code, then your test coverage is 80%.

Now, you need to measure test coverage by requirements to focus on good test cases in your test repository. A good test case traces a requirement (happy and unhappy flows included) to fulfilment. All you have to do to ensure you mainly have good test cases is to establish Requirements Traceability.

You can achieve traceability in your projects by mapping out test scenarios to cover all the requirements in scope for that release, project, iteration, sprint. By establishing Requirements Traceability, you know – at any given point in time – test coverage by requirements.

What Exactly Is Software Testing?

Software testing is a task to check the software for any errors or worm susceptibility that may later result in malfunctions or failures. Therefore, testing the software is crucial to ensuring that it serves the purpose for which it was created.

Responsibilities and Functions of a Software Testing Professional

Here are some of the most important jobs and tasks that these professionals do:

  • Reviewing the requirements for the software and setting up test scenarios.
  • Putting usability tests through their paces.
  • Analyzing the effects of the tests on the database, any errors or bugs, and how easy it is to use.
  • Putting together reports about all aspects of software testing and giving them to the design team.
  • Work with developers of software and teams that help with projects.
  • Stress testing, performance testing, functional testing, and scalability testing are all things that need to be done.
  • Keep an eye on software systems and applications.

Areas of Expertise Needed To Become A Software Tester

Here are some interesting skills that people who test software professionally need to have, which will make your journey smooth and easy. Here are some of the talents:

  • Knowledge of database/SQL fundamentals.
  • Expertise and practical experience with any Fault Tracking tool.
  • Understanding of Linux command basics.
  • Expertise and practical experience with Automation tools.
  • Expertise and practical experience with a Test Management Tool.
What is Test Strategy? |  Test Strategy Document
What is Test Strategy? | Test Strategy Document

Test Plan

A Test Plan is a detailed document that describes the test strategy, objectives, schedule, estimation, deliverables, and resources required to perform testing for a software product. Test Plan helps us determine the effort needed to validate the quality of the application under test. The test plan serves as a blueprint to conduct software testing activities as a defined process, which is minutely monitored and controlled by the test manager.

As per ISTQB definition: “Test Plan is A document describing the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of intended test activities.”

Let’s start with following Test Plan example/scenario: In a meeting, you want to discuss the Test Plan with the team members, but they are not interested – .

In such case, what will you do? Select your answer as following figure

A) I am Manager do everything as I said

B) OK, let’s me explain why we need a Test Plan

Incorrect

As a Test Manager, you must explain them the importance of Test Plan rather than force the team to do what you want.

Correct

As a Test Manager, you must explain them the importance of Test Plan rather than force the team to do what you want.

Test Coverage Techniques

#Statement Coverage

Statement coverage ensures that all the statements in the source code have been tested at least once. It provides the details of both executed and failed code blocks out of total code blocks.

Let’s understand it with the example of the flow diagram. In the given example, this path 1A-2C-3D-E-4G-5H covers all the statements and hence it requires only on a test case to cover all the requirements. One test case means one statement coverage.

In complex code, a single path is not sufficient to cover all the statements. In that case, you need to write multiple test cases to cover all the statements.

Advantages:

  • It can be applied directly to object code and does not require processing source code.
  • It verifies what the written code is expected to do and not to do

Disadvantages:

  • It covers only true conditions of every statement.
  • Does not report when loop reaches to the terminations.
  • Statement coverage is completely insensitive to the logical operators (|| and &&).

Statement coverage is the basic coverage and hence does not guarantee 100% coverage.

#Decision/Branch coverage

It is impossible for developers to write code in a continuous mode, at any points they need to branch out the code to meet the functionality requirements. Branching in the code is actually a jump from one decision point to another point. Branch Coverage checks every possible path or branch in the code is covered.

Branch coverage can be calculated by finding the minimum number of paths which ensure that all the edges have been covered. In the given example, there is no single path that ensures coverage of all the edges at one go.

For example, if you follow this path 1A-2C-3D-E-4G-5H which covers the maximum number of edges(A, C, D, E, G and H), you will still miss the two edges B and F. You need to follow another path 1A-2B-E-4F to cover the remaining two edges. By combining the above two paths you can ensure of travelling through all the paths. For this test coverage example, our branch coverage is 2 as we are following two paths and it requires two test cases to meet the requirements.

Advantages:

  • It covers both the true and false conditions unlikely the statement coverage.
  • It validates if all branches are tested.

Disadvantages:

  • It ignores branches within Boolean expressions which occur due to short-circuit operators.

#Path Coverage

Path testing is a structural testing method that involves using the source code of a program in order to find every possible executable path.

Path Coverage ensures coverage of all the paths from start to end. In this example, there are four possible paths:

  1. 1A-2B-E-4F
  2. 1A-2B-E-4G-5H
  3. 1A-2C-3D-E-4G-5H
  4. 1A-2C-3D-E-4F

Advantages:

  • It helps to reduce redundant tests.
  • Path coverage provides high test coverage because it covers all statements and branches in the code.

Disadvantages:

  • Testing each path is challenging as well as time-consuming because a number of paths are exponential to the number of branches. For example, a function containing 10 if-statements has 1024 paths to test.
  • Sometimes many paths are impossible to exercise due to relationships of data.

#Condition Coverage

Condition coverage checks if both the outcomes(“true” or false”) of every condition have been exercised. The outcome of the decision point is only relevant for checking the conditions. It requires two test cases per condition for two outcomes.

Advantages:

  • Condition coverage measures the conditions independently of each other.
  • It has better sensitivity to the control flow.

Disadvantages:

  • Similar to the branch/decision coverage.

#Boundary Value Coverage

This coverage metric is very useful for those applications in which error occurred due to input numbers. And these errors occurred at boundary values. In boundary value coverage, test cases are selected at the endpoints of the equivalence classes. For this test coverage example, below are boundary values for an application which requires 3-digit number as an input.

  1. 100(Minimum)
  2. 99(Just below the minimum boundary value)
  3. 999(Maximum)
  4. 1000(Just above the maximum boundary value)

Advantages:

  • It is quite easy to test a small set of data in place of testing a whole lot of data sets.
  • It is easy to use because of it’s easy to automate nature and uniformity of identified tests.

Disadvantages:

  • It can not test dependencies between two inputs.
  • It can not cover code which contains boolean functions.

#Product Coverage

Product coverage refers to the process of testing a software solution from a product perspective and evaluating specific product areas. It involves evaluating the performance of software across various scenarios by

  • Defining and prioritizing requirements
  • Developing a checklist
  • Implementing effective test automation

#Risk Coverage

The risk coverage technique is used to comprehensively evaluate all software-related risks and rigorously test the application. It involves identifying and assessing all potential risks and the issues that may arise from them, including low-probability scenarios that could significantly impact the software.

#Requirements Coverage

Requirements coverage is used to assess whether the end-product encompasses all the committed functionalities and fulfills the customer’s stipulated requirements. It measures the number of requirements addressed and the types of tests executed to validate them.

#Compatability Coverage

Compatibility coverage is a technique used to ensure the software works seamlessly across all browsers, operating systems, and devices without any issues or complications. It involves testing the product’s compatibility-related problems, including mobile testing, hardware testing, browser testing, network testing, and other subtypes.

Manual Software Testing LIVE Project Part-1
Manual Software Testing LIVE Project Part-1

Why is information sometimes not consistent?

When customers intend to run a new test but the test setup of a previous test can be reused somehow, they will often duplicate that old test and adjust severities as well as additional requirements. Features and instructions are usually not adjusted, so sometimes irrelevant information might be shown to you or feature descriptions and additional requirements may contradict each other. Since features were duplicated but additional requirements were specifically written for the new test, additional requirements will often override feature descriptions.

If you spot any confusing or contradicting information, please ask the Team Leader via the chat rather than making assumptions.

How do you define the scope and objectives of a software testing project?

Software testing is a crucial part of software development, but how do you plan and execute it effectively? In this article, you will learn how to define the scope and objectives of a software testing project, and why they are important for delivering quality software.

The scope of testing is the extent and boundaries of what you will test and what you will not test. It includes the features, functions, requirements, risks, and assumptions of the software under test. The scope of testing helps you focus on the most important and relevant aspects of the software, and avoid wasting time and resources on unnecessary or out-of-scope testing. To define the scope of testing, you need to understand the context, purpose, and expectations of the software, and communicate with the stakeholders, developers, and users.

  • Sivaprasad Kunjanpillai

    Director @ The QE Hub l Programme / Portfolio Test Manager l CTAL – TM | CSTE | PRINCE2 Practitioner

    Identifying the accurate testing scope of a project is the important first step in laying out quality driven delivery approach. This can be achieved by: – Conduct an in-depth analysis of requirements to gain insights into functionalities and objectives, thus consolidate the functional and non-functional requirements that must undergo thorough testing. – Determine the specific goals of the project and identify suitable test levels and types to aligns with it. – Analyse dependencies on external systems and services to ensure right level of test coverage to validate them. – Identify data driven requirements, regulatory standards, industry-specific criteria, and high-risk areas within the application, to plan focused testing activities.

  • NARAYANAN PALANI

    🏦Platform Engineering Lead 💳Retail, Commercial and Investment Banking 📚Best Seller 👉FOLLOW

    Boundary Value Analysis and Cyclomatic Complexity are still two important methods to adapt high quality coverage on testing! Having a test plan is necessory when documenting such inscope and out of scope detailed. Hence ISTQB foundation is still a valuable exam for those starting a career in QA roles.

The objectives of testing are the specific goals and outcomes that you want to achieve from testing. They are derived from the scope of testing, and they guide your testing strategy, methods, techniques, and criteria. The objectives of testing should be SMART: specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound. Some examples of testing objectives are verifying the functionality of the software, identifying and reporting defects, measuring the quality and coverage of testing, and providing feedback and recommendations.

  • Md. Farhan Labib

    Specialist SQA Engineer @10 Minute School // Unearthing Software Flaws with Precision

    In a project involving an online educational platform, I applied SMART testing objectives effectively. Our goal was to validate the platform’s quiz feature: Specific: We focused on the quiz feature. Measurable: We tracked quiz success rates and score calculations. Achievable: Testing quizzes were within our scope and resources. Relevant: Quizzes were crucial for user engagement. Time-bound: We adhered to a set testing timeline. We created diverse test cases, covering quiz types and user scenarios. During testing, we found a mobile display bug, promptly reported and resolved it, enhancing the user experience. This emphasized the importance of SMART testing objectives in ensuring feature quality.

The testing strategy is the high-level approach and plan for testing. It defines the scope and objectives of testing, the roles and responsibilities of the testers, the testing resources and tools, and the testing environment and data. The testing strategy aligns with the project scope, objectives, and constraints, and it provides a clear and consistent direction for testing.

The testing methods are the ways of applying the testing strategy to the software under test. They include the testing techniques, processes, standards, and best practices that you use to design, execute, and evaluate test cases. The testing methods depend on the scope and objectives of testing, the characteristics and complexity of the software, the testing levels and types, and the testing tools and resources. Some examples of testing methods are black-box testing, white-box testing, exploratory testing, automated testing, and regression testing.

The testing criteria are the measures and indicators that you use to evaluate the results and outcomes of testing. They include the test-case design criteria, the test execution criteria, the test result analysis criteria, and the test completion criteria. The testing criteria help you determine the quality, effectiveness, efficiency, and completeness of testing, and to decide when to stop testing. The testing criteria should be defined in advance based on the scope and objectives of testing, the testing strategy and methods, and the stakeholder expectations.

The testing feedback is the information and communication that you provide and receive during and after testing. It includes the test reports, defect reports, test metrics, test reviews, test lessons learned, and test recommendations. The testing feedback helps you monitor and control the testing process, identify and resolve issues, improve the software quality, and enhance the testing performance. The testing feedback should be timely, accurate, clear, and actionable, and it should address the scope and objectives of testing, the testing strategy and methods, and the testing criteria.

What Is a Test Strategy Document?

Put simply, the test strategy document is a well-written document that outlines the precise methodology and goals of the testing project. It is an important document for QA teams and is based on actual business requirements. The test strategy document addresses all your questions about what you want to achieve and how you plan to do it in the project.

What is Agile Testing? | Agile Scrum Testing Methodologies | Software Testing Tutorial | Edureka
What is Agile Testing? | Agile Scrum Testing Methodologies | Software Testing Tutorial | Edureka

Test Scope to Test Automation

Transitioning from a meticulously defined test scope to effective test automation involves a structured process. We need to identify the test cases within the scope that are prime candidates for automation, focusing on repetitive, critical, and regression-prone scenarios. Then, assess the suitability of your chosen automation tool, ensuring it aligns with project requirements and supports the desired testing types.

Once your tool is in place, translate your manual test cases into automated scripts, configure test data, and leverage the tool’s features for script creation and parameterization. Execute your automated tests, monitoring for failures and collecting actionable data. Finally, analyze results, report defects, and iteratively refine your automation efforts based on insights gained. This transition not only streamlines testing but also enhances test coverage and accelerates the software testing life cycle.

Let’s walk through an example scenario to illustrate this process:

Scenario: You’re part of a quality assurance team testing a travel website, and your test scope focuses on validating critical user flows like user log-in, searching for viable transports, etc. Let’s take an example where you need to automate the testing for the login scenario for the Travel Web Application. Here’s the login page that we will be testing – https://travel.testsigma.com/login.

Step 1: Define the Test Scope

  1. Identify Objectives: Start by understanding the business objectives. In this case, it’s to ensure a seamless login experience for users.
  1. List Critical Features: Identify the critical features within your test scope, such as user registration and login, fetching schedules, location, and checkout functionality.
  1. Set Entry and Exit Criteria: Define when testing can begin (e.g., a stable development build) and when it will conclude (e.g., achieving a certain defect resolution rate).
  1. Document Deliverables: Specify the deliverables, including test plans, test cases, and bug reports.

Step 2: Assess Automation Potential

  1. Select Test Cases for Automation: Within your test scope, choose test cases that are repetitive, time-consuming, or critical for regression testing. For example, automating the flight search process can save time and ensure consistency.
  1. Evaluate Tool Suitability: Determine if the testing tool you have is a suitable automation tool for your project. Assess factors like ease of use, compatibility with web applications, and the availability of necessary integrations.

Testsigma is an AI-driven test automation tool, that can significantly enhance software testing practices, particularly in achieving the goals of test automation. With Testsigma’s automated testing capabilities, testers can get the following features:

  • Easy Test Automation: Testsigma simplifies test automation with a code-free, plain English approach.
  • Multi-Platform Support: Automate tests for web, mobile, API, and desktop apps all in one platform.
  • AI-Supported Features: Benefit from AI-powered features like automatic script maintenance and bug reporting.
  • Cloud Execution: Run tests efficiently on the cloud, enabling remote testing anytime, anywhere.
  • Easy Debugging: Capture screenshots, videos, and logs during test runs for effective debugging.
  • Customizable Reports: Create tailored reports and access real-time test insights.
  • Collaborative Setup: Facilitate team collaboration and integrate with CI/CD tools.
  • Parallel Testing: Save time with support for parallel testing.
  • Local Device Testing: Identify issues unique to local devices during testing.
  • Data-Driven Testing: Perform data-driven testing for comprehensive test coverage.

In the next few steps, let’s see how to create test cases using simple English in Testsigma.

Step 3: Implement Test Automation with Testsigma

  1. Set Up Testsigma: Create an account on the Testsigma platform and configure your testing environment. Define the browsers, devices, and operating systems you want to test on.
  • Click on create a new project and fill in the name and description
  • Select the number of applications to be included. You can turn on versioning if you need it
  • Select the type of application you’d like to test from – Web, Mobile-Web, Android, iOS, or API
  • And that’s it! You’re ready to start testing
  1. Create Test Cases: Using Testsigma’s intuitive interface, start building test cases that replicate the user flows outlined in your test scope.
  • Click on the “Test Cases” tab and then click the “Create New Test Case” button.
  • In the test case creation screen, give a name and description of the test case.
  • Click on the “Step Editor” tab to start adding steps to your test case.
  • To add a step, simply type the action you want to perform in plain English language.
  1. Test Data Preparation: Prepare test data, such as username and password, as needed for your test cases.
  1. Automation Scripting: With Testsigma’s scriptless automation, you can create test steps for actions like entering search queries, clicking buttons, and verifying results without writing code.
  1. Parameterization: Leverage Testsigma’s capabilities for parameterization to test various scenarios within your test scope, such as searching for different products.

Here’s how you can write the test steps.

  • Navigate to Simply Travel login page(https://travel.testsigma.com/login)
  • Enter username as ‘admin’ in the User Name field
  • Enter the password as ‘12345’ in the Password field
  • Click on the login button
  1. Execute Automated Tests: Run your automated test cases on different browsers and platforms simultaneously to ensure comprehensive coverage.

Step 4: Analyze Results and Reporting

  1. Defect Detection: Monitor automated test execution for any failures or issues, such as broken links or incorrect search results.
  1. Bug Reporting: If a test case fails, Testsigma can automatically generate detailed bug reports, including screenshots and logs, facilitating efficient issue tracking and resolution.

Step 5: Iterate and Update

  1. Iterate and Enhance: Use the insights gained from automated testing to improve your test scope. Identify additional test scenarios or refine existing ones based on real-world results.
  1. Update the Test Scope: Ensure that your test scope document reflects any changes or additions resulting from automated testing, maintaining alignment between the scope and automation efforts.

By following this workflow, you can effectively transition from a well-defined test scope to automated testing using Testsigma. This approach not only optimizes testing efforts but also enhances the quality and reliability of your applications, aligning them with business objectives.

One-page test plan template

Test Plan Title

Prepared by: John Doe

1. Introduction

•Executive summary (This should be kept brief)

2. Testing Resources

•Tester’s name and role

3. Scope of Testing

•In scope: Modules that are to be tested

•Out of scope: Modules that are not to be tested

4. Testing approaches

•Testing approach and methodology

•Types of testing to be performed (e.g., functional, performance, security, usability)

5. Test Schedule

•Timeline for each testing phase

6. Risks & Issues

•Risks associated with the testing process

•Mitigation strategies for identified risks

If your test plan doesn’t fit onto one page, don’t worry. The intention is to minimize extraneous information and capture the necessary information that your stakeholders and testers need to execute the plan.

RGO ONE All Mode HF Transceiver
RGO ONE All Mode HF Transceiver

Features

Each test contains at least one of what we call features. A feature can describe an area of a product, e.g. a landing page, product overview page or product detail page of a webshop, it can describe a process like a checkout process of a website or an app, or it can even be a particular functionality that should be tested. For example:

When a customer sets up a new test, so-called standard features will be added by default. Customers can use these standard features and modify them if they want or add completely new features. You can learn more about some of our standard features here.

You can only submit bugs if a corresponding feature exists in the test. For example, if none of the given features covers the checkout process, you cannot submit bugs related to it.

How To Write a Test Strategy Document

When creating a test strategy document, you can create a table with all of the items listed above, and have a brainstorming session with the important stakeholders (project manager, business analyst, QA Lead, and the Development Team Lead) to fill in the necessary information for each item. You can use the table below as a starting point:

Test Goals/Objectives

Sprint Timelines

Lifecycle of Tasks/Tickets

Test Approach

Testing Types

Roles and Responsibilities

Testing Tools

Hardware-Software Configuration

Reporting

Requirement collection Document in #performancetesting #littleslaw #jmeter
Requirement collection Document in #performancetesting #littleslaw #jmeter

How to Define Test Scope for Software Testing?

Defining the test scope for software testing is akin to outlining the boundaries of a complex puzzle; it sets the stage for an organized, efficient, and effective testing process. Let’s explore the steps to define a comprehensive test scope:

StepUnderstand Project Objectives:

Begin by gaining a deep understanding of the project’s objectives and goals. Engage with project stakeholders, such as developers, product managers, and business analysts, to grasp the bigger picture. Knowing what the software aims to achieve is crucial for defining your test scope.

StepIdentify Critical Features and Functionality:

Identify the critical features, modules, or functionality within the software that require testing. Prioritize them based on their importance to the project and user needs. This step helps ensure that the most crucial aspects receive adequate attention.

StepDetermine Test Types:

Select the appropriate types of testing based on your project’s nature and requirements. Common types of testing include:

  • Functional Testing: Verifying that individual functions or features work correctly.
  • Regression Testing: Ensuring that changes or updates do not break existing functionality.
  • Performance Testing: Evaluating how the software performs under different conditions.
  • Security Testing: Identifying vulnerabilities and ensuring data protection.
  • Usability Testing: Assessing the user-friendliness of the interface.

Choose the test types that align with your project’s goals and risks.

StepEstablish Clear Objectives:

Define clear and measurable objectives for your testing efforts. For example, your objectives could include achieving a specific level of code coverage, uncovering a particular number of defects, or ensuring that the software meets certain performance benchmarks. Objectives provide a target for your testing efforts.

StepSpecify Inclusions and Exclusions:

Clearly outline what is within the scope of your testing efforts and what is not. This step helps prevent misunderstandings and ensures that everyone is on the same page. For example, you might specify that user interface (UI) testing is within scope, while hardware testing is not.

StepDefine Entry and Exit Criteria:

Establish entry criteria, which are the conditions that must be met before testing can commence. This could include having a stable version of the software ready for testing. Additionally, define exit criteria, which signify when testing can conclude. Exit criteria could involve achieving a certain level of test coverage or resolving all critical defects.

StepDocument Deliverables:

List the tangible deliverables that will result from your testing efforts. Common deliverables include:

  • Test Plans: Describing the overall testing approach and strategy.
  • Test Cases: Detailed instructions for executing specific tests.
  • Test Data: Data sets required for testing different scenarios.
  • Defect Reports: Documentation of identified issues with relevant details.
  • Test Summary Reports: Summaries of testing activities and outcomes.

Creating and documenting these deliverables ensures that your testing process is well-documented and transparent.

StepReview and Validate:

Share the draft test scope document with relevant stakeholders, including the development team, project managers, and quality assurance team. Encourage feedback and validation to ensure that the test scope accurately reflects the project’s requirements and goals.

StepKeep it Updated:

Remember that the test scope is not a static document. As the project progresses and evolves, your test scope may need adjustments. Regularly update and communicate any changes to ensure that your testing efforts remain aligned with the project’s objectives.

By following these steps to define your test scope, you’ll create a robust foundation for your software testing efforts. It ensures that your testing is focused, purposeful, and aligned with the project’s goals, ultimately leading to a higher-quality software product.

Importance of Having A Test Plan

Everyone benefits in one way or another from a good test plan.

Without a good test plan, QA managers risk having uncoordinated testing effort, leading to inefficient allocation of resources. Test plan is not a fixed, one-off document. The initial metrics and timelines written on it can totally be adjusted along the way by QA managers to optimize resource use.

Team members would still need a test plan to have clear goals and objectives to follow during the sprint. From a technical perspective, a test plan typically includes detailed information on the testing methodologies, techniques, and tools that will be used to conduct the testing. It also includes information on the test environment, including hardware, software, and network configurations, as well as any external dependencies or services required for testing.

For other stakeholders and the development team, the test plan is a crucial reference point, ensuring that everyone is aligned on the same vision. Information from the test plan can be used to keep track of the testing progress and make timely intervention in case a problem arises.

Another aspect of the test plan that many tend to gloss over: it identifies potential risks and issues that could impact the testing effort and outlines strategies and plans for mitigating these risks. Risk management boosts testing confidence, allowing teams to better prepare for unexpected scenarios.

Creating a test plan is a collaborative effort. The QA manager is usually the owner of the test plan, and it usually takes about 2 – 3 days to build and review a simple test plan, while complex test plans may take about

Bài 6 - Hướng dẫn tạo test plan trong kiểm thử phần mềm
Bài 6 – Hướng dẫn tạo test plan trong kiểm thử phần mềm

Test instructions

Test instructions are displayed below the Access section and they consist of three sections:

  • The goal of this test: This section usually covers the general purpose of the test. It often names what to focus on, e.g. new feature that is about to be released.

  • Out of scope: What is not supposed to get tested is specifically stated here. On live websites, you may oftentimes not complete orders at the end of a checkout process, or some areas of a website or an app might not be ready yet. Make sure to stick to this information – disregarding them can have big consequences.

  • Additional requirements: If there is anything else to point out, information will be given in this section. This might be information concerning the whole test, credentials for user accounts, dummy payment information, etc.

What To Include in a Test Strategy Document

The following items should be included in the test strategy document:

  • Scope and objectives: Determine the testing tasks and responsibilities, along with their respective timelines. Identify the individuals responsible for approving, reviewing, and utilizing the test strategy document.
  • Testing approach: Establish the testing approaches to be followed (Agile or Waterfall).
  • Testing types to perform: Outline the testing process and its life cycle, including the different testing levels. Specify the types of testing to be conducted, such as regression testing, load testing, security testing, or performance testing.
  • Hardware-software configuration: Define the number of requirements and hardware-software configuration required for each environment. This helps the team make informed decisions on whether they should invest in physical or virtual machines.
  • Testing tools: Select the tools to be utilized for test execution, including commercial, open source, automation, and management tools. Consider the tool’s capacity to support the desired number of users, and plan accordingly.
  • Test deliverables: Define what artifacts and documents should be produced during the testing process to communicate the progress and findings of testing activities. As test strategy is a high-level document, you don’t need to go into minute details of each deliverable, but rather only a brief outline of the items that the team wants to create.
  • Testing measurements and metrics: Establish the key performance indicators (KPI) and success metrics for the project. These metrics will not only be the means to measure the efficiency and quality of the testing process but also provide a common goal and language of communication among team members. Some common testing metrics include test coverage, defect density, defect leakage, or mean time to failure (MTTF).
  • Risks: List out the potential risks and clear plans to mitigate them, or even contingency plans to adopt in case these risks do show up in reality. Testers generally conduct a level of risk analysis (= probability of it occurring x impact) to see which risk should be addressed in priority. For example, after planning, the team realizes that the timeline is extremely tight, but they are lacking the technical expertise to deliver the objectives. This is a High Probability High Impact scenario, and they must have a contingency plan: either changing the objectives, investing into the team’s expertise, or outsourcing entirely to meet the delivery date.

All of these items in the document should be carefully reviewed by the business team, the QA Lead, and the Development Team Lead. From this document, you will be able to develop detailed test plans for sub-projects, or for each iteration of the sprint.

Read More: Types of Automation Testing: A Beginner’s Guide

Test Plan : Is It Mandatory to Create Test Plan?
Test Plan : Is It Mandatory to Create Test Plan?

How does the Business Influence the Testing Scope?

The business plays a pivotal role in shaping the testing scope. It’s not just a technical endeavor; it’s a strategic one that must align with the business’s objectives and goals.

The starting point of any testing scope is a clear understanding of the business’s objectives. What does the software aim to achieve for the business? Is it about increasing sales, improving customer satisfaction, or complying with industry regulations? The business sets the overarching goals, and the testing scope should reflect these objectives. For example, if the business objective is to boost user engagement in a social media app, the testing scope should prioritize features related to user interactions and content sharing.

Not all features of a software application are equally critical to the business’s success. The business identifies which features are mission-critical and which are less important. This prioritization influences the testing scope, ensuring that essential functionalities receive more extensive testing. For example, in an e-commerce platform, features related to the checkout process and payment gateways are typically considered top priorities for testing due to their direct impact on revenue.

Many businesses operate in regulated industries, such as healthcare, finance, or data privacy. Compliance with industry regulations is non-negotiable, and the testing scope must align with these requirements. This often involves specific types of testing and stringent criteria. For instance, a financial software application must adhere to strict security standards, necessitating extensive security testing and documentation in the testing scope.

Moreover, businesses are acutely aware that software success hinges on user satisfaction. User experience (UX) is a critical aspect influenced by the business. The testing scope should encompass usability testing and ensure that the software meets user expectations. The business often defines the budget and resource allocation for software development and testing.

These constraints play a role in determining the depth and breadth of testing efforts. The testing scope should also be realistic and consider the available resources. A startup with limited funds may focus on essential functionality testing initially and plan for more comprehensive testing as the business grows.

In essence, the business wields significant influence over the testing scope by setting the strategic direction, prioritizing goals, and determining the balance between risk and reward. The testing scope is not a static document but a dynamic one that evolves alongside the business’s objectives and the ever-changing landscape of software development. It’s a collaborative effort that ensures the software aligns with the business’s vision and ultimately delivers value to its users and stakeholders.

Tips To Effectively Define the Test Scope

Defining a comprehensive test scope is a critical step in ensuring successful software testing. Here are some valuable tips to help you effectively define the test scope for your projects:

  • Engage with stakeholders early to gather insights.
  • Understand and align with business goals.
  • Prioritize critical features for testing.
  • Include compliance requirements if applicable.
  • Incorporate user experience (UX) testing.
  • Clearly define entry and exit criteria.
  • Balance testing efforts with available time and resources.
  • Thoroughly document the test scope for clarity.
  • Embrace agility and adaptability in scope definition.
  • Involve stakeholder review and approval.
  • Keep the scope relevant and up-to-date.
  • Maintain open and clear communication with stakeholders.
  • Explore test automation opportunities if suitable.
  • Learn from past projects and apply lessons learned.

The testing process should rely on user feedback and market response to refine and improve the software continuously. This iterative approach influences the testing scope by emphasizing ongoing testing cycles and the ability to adapt to changing business needs.

How Katalon Fits in With Any Test Strategy

Katalon Platform is a comprehensive quality management platform that supports test planning, creation, management, execution, maintenance, and reporting for web, API, desktop, and even mobile applications across a wide variety of environments, all in one place, with minimal engineering and programming skill requirements. You can utilize Katalon Platform to support any test strategy without having to adopt and manage extra tools across teams.

Katalon allows QA teams to quickly move from manual testing to automation testing thanks to the built-in keywords feature. These keywords are essentially ready-to-use code snippets that you can quickly drag-and-drop to construct a full test script without having to write any code. There is also the record-and-playback feature that records the sequence of action you take on your screen then turns it into an automated test script that you can re-execute across a wide range of environments.

After that, all of the test objects, test cases, test suites, and test artifacts created are managed in a centralized Object Repository, enabling better test management. You can even map automated tests to existing manual tests thanks to Jira and Xray integration.

For test execution, Katalon makes it easy to run tests in parallel across browsers, devices, and OS, while everything related to setup and maintenance is already preconfigured. AI-powered features such as Smart Wait, self-healing, scheduling, and parallel execution enable effortless test maintenance.

Finally, for test reporting, Katalon generates detailed analytics on coverage, release, flakiness, and pass/fail trend reports to make faster, more confident decisions.

“If you spot any confusing or contradicting information, please ask the Team Leader via the chat rather than making assumptions.”

Motivation

The scope of a test defines what areas of a customer’s product are supposed to get tested, what functionalities to focus on, what bug types the customer is interested in, and what areas or features should not be tested by any means.

If something is in scope, please test it; if something is out of scope, it should not be tested. Understanding the scope of a test is crucial to be a successful tester on our platform.

What information makes up the scope of a test?

TestPlan 1: Introduction, Objective and Scope
TestPlan 1: Introduction, Objective and Scope

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Software Testing Career Opportunities

Software testing has recently become a very lucrative career for many people. Software testing offers a very wide range of career options. For instance, you can decide to work as a test manager, senior testing manager, QA manager, and numerous other positions. Professionally trained software testers are highly sought after in the industry today and in high demand. You can join an independent software testing business or a top company’s internal software testing division. So let’s talk about some career options in the software testing industry.

  1. Junior Software Tester / QA EngineerStatistics show that the number of jobs for quality assurance analysts will grow by 22 percent by 2029. This indicates that these jobs, along with those of quality assurance analysts, software developers, and testers, are in high demand. Also, these experts ensure the software passes all tests before it is released to the public. They also oversee every step of design, development, testing, and delivery to ensure the product meets quality standards. They work as a team and report to a manager.
  2. Senior Software Tester / Senior QA EngineerThis is a well-paid job that oversees the work of the quality assurance staff for companies that make software and products. Their main job is to supervise the making of test documents and procedures and ensure that company products are successfully put into use. Also, most people who get this job have a lot of experience.
  3. Test ArchitectCompanies that place a significant emphasis on testing automation and technology typically employ these professionals. You are expected to have in-depth knowledge, technical expertise, and knowledge of the most recent tools and technologies. This may be your best career path if you’re seeking a comprehensively technical position.Enroll our Selenium with Python Course and become an expert in Software Testing.
  4. QA Lead / Test LeadThese professionals manage the testing of a product or service after establishing QA processes and procedures. They hold a very important position within the organization. Moreover, due to the rapidly expanding number of resources and demands in the industry, quality assurance is becoming an increasingly popular career choice. Consequently, considering a career in this field will be extremely advantageous.
  5. Quality LeadThis is the top job in the department of quality. The Quality lead is responsible for ensuring that a company meets all of its quality standards. Both technical and management skills are needed for this job. For this job, you need a lot of years of experience and a proven track record of managing multiple teams, projects, and services well. So, if you keep going, you can get to such a high position.

Because software testers have various career options, the scope of software testers is quite broad. Let’s look at some of the most influential software testing technologies. Check out Online Selenium Training. Enroll now!

Software Testing In The Future: A Look At Key Technologies

  • Artificial IntelligenceWhen Artificial Intelligence and Automation are used together, they help Software Testers become more efficient. AI is being used increasingly to find flaws in testing and reduce the amount of human involvement. This is a great way to figure out how a product works and how well it works at both the data-server and machine levels. Also, when thinking about the future of Software Testing, it is important to remember that Artificial Intelligence will have much to do with the analysis and report-making processes. In this way, it will take care of the following:

    • Visual Testing
    • Forecasting Analytics
    • Test Suite Optimization: Removal of redundant test cases
    • Log Analytics and Defect Analytics
    • Differential Evaluation and Declarative Evaluation
  • Machine LearningMachine Learning (ML) is a subset of Artificial Intelligence (AI) based on Computational Learning Theory and Pattern Recognition. It makes decisions using algorithms, which are often changed based on what people tell it. Machine Learning means that Software Testing will have more freedom in the future. This means that smart machines can build, run, and interpret tests without human help. They will do this by using testing experience from the past and how applications are used now. One of the best things about Machine Learning in the future of Software Testing is that it will be able to use very complex product analytics data to find out what the user needs and even predict them. This is made easier by watching how users interact with a piece of software and learning about their problems and experiences.Enroll our Selenium Classes in Pune and become an expert in Software Testing.
  • IOT TestingThe rate at which IoT devices are being used in business operations has been very fast. So, testing IoT devices for functionality, usability, performance, connectivity, security, and compatibility has become important. IoT testing is a very complicated part of Software Testing because these apps use sensors, hardware, software, and databases. Besides figuring out if the versions and protocols of the devices are compatible, it will also be important to check the integrity of the data and ensure that safety evaluations can be done.

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  • User Experience TestCustomer satisfaction is one of the most important things for any business. If the product isn’t easy to use or doesn’t meet the needs and expectations of the customers, it’s doomed to fail. So, User Experience Testing will be a bigger and bigger part of Software Testing in the future. Most of the time, real users take part in this kind of testing, which helps test different parts of the user experience. This helps determine the best way for a product and its audience to work together. It could include testing for first impressions, time on the page, trust, comparison, etc. The goal is to find any possible flaws and then make them better.
  • Agile & DevOpsAgile is currently one of the trends in software testing that is being adopted the quickest. Therefore, it is likely to impact how software testing develops in the future significantly. The framework is based on continuous development, which holds that specifications and solutions can be advanced through team collaboration and communication. To accelerate the Software Development Life Cycle from system development to operations, Agile and DevOps are being combined.

If you are interested in making a career in Software Testing then do check out Tosca Training

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, you now know everything there is to know about the software testing profession, including the required skills, salary, and various career opportunities for a software tester, as well as the highly demanded influenced technologies in the IT industry. Therefore, the demand for these professionals increases daily. Companies seek highly qualified and effective testers who can contribute to their growth. This is one of the burgeoning fields in the IT industry and can help you acquire wealth. I hope this clarifies your question regarding the scope of the software tester.

So, to solve this problem, we are giving you access to the best online certification courses on the web. 3RI Technologies has an online certification course for Software Testing Professionals. This will help you get started in this field and give you a clear idea of what needs to be covered.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Scope and Out of Scope in Test Strategy?

In the context of a test strategy, “scope” refers to the defined boundaries and objectives of the testing effort. It outlines what aspects of the software will be tested, the goals of testing, and the criteria for success. The scope ensures that testing is purposeful, comprehensive, and aligned with the project’s objectives.Conversely, “out of scope” refers to what will not be tested or the areas and activities explicitly excluded from the testing effort. Out-of-scope items may include features or functionalities that are not deemed critical for testing, third-party integrations that are not part of the project, or certain types of testing that are deferred to a later phase.

The technical field is doing well and will likely do even better. Information technology is one of the fastest-growing and most profitable fields for people who want to work in the business world and have a technical background. Software Testing is the backbone of any IT product or service, and the scope of software testing grows every day. It is one of the biggest industries in the world in terms of job creation and recruitment, with a size of about USD 13 billion. To get hired, you need to have a specialty in the field.

Software testers trained by professionals are in high demand right now, which is a job many people want. You can join an independent software testing company or a leading company’s software testing department. There is a lot of room for growth in the Software Testing domain. Statistics show that this business will be worth $50 million by 2014, with a CAGR of 14%.

Also, these software testers get good salaries that depend on how much experience they have. Most companies pay testers the same as they pay developers. In some smaller companies, testers may even get paid more than developers. Due to the high demand for these professionals, it is important to know about all the career options and job openings in this field. So, we made this informative blog post to help our readers worldwide learn about software testing scope in future and software testing career scope in the year 2023.If you want to know more about the Software testing course and wish to become an expert Software Tester, come and join the 3RI Technologies Software testing course in Pune or visit the 3RI Technologies website.

Test Plan in Software Testing | Components of Test Plan
Test Plan in Software Testing | Components of Test Plan

What Is a Test Strategy?

Test strategy is a high-level plan consisting of principles that guide the overall software testing process. It provides a structured approach to the entire QA team, guiding them toward achieving testing objectives in the most efficient way. In this article, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of developing a thorough test strategy, explain the differences between the test plan vs test strategy, and even provide a template for you to follow.

Test environment

The URL in the Access section at the top of the test overview page defines what website or app should be tested. Any other websites or apps are not under test (unless stated differently in the test description), including other builds of the same app. For more information, see Testing Environment.

You can only see access information once the test starts (mind the countdown at the top), confirm you want to participate in the cycle, and then agree with the cycle terms.

TEST PLAN TYPE/What is a test plan/Master/  Phase Test Plan  Testing Type Specific Test Plans
TEST PLAN TYPE/What is a test plan/Master/ Phase Test Plan Testing Type Specific Test Plans

What is Test Scope?

Test scope is a clear and detailed description of what, why, and how you’re going to test a software application. To better understand this concept, let’s dive into what test scope is, using a real-life example.

Imagine you’re building a brand-new smartphone, packed with exciting features and cutting-edge technology. You want to make sure it works flawlessly before releasing it to the market. This is where the test scope comes into play.

Test scope is like creating a precise roadmap for testing your smartphone. It outlines the key areas to focus on, the goals you want to achieve, and the tools you’ll use. It’s all about defining the scope of your testing effort.

Let’s break down the components of a test scope using our smartphone example:

  • Objectives: Your objective is to ensure that the smartphone functions smoothly and meets the expectations of its users. You want it to be bug-free, user-friendly, and perform well.
  • Features and Functionality: In your test scope, you list all the features and functionalities of the smartphone that need testing. This includes the touch screen, camera, calling capabilities, internet connectivity, and all the apps pre-installed on the device.
  • Inclusions and Exclusions: You specify that your testing will include functional testing (checking if all features work as intended), usability testing (evaluating how user-friendly the interface is), and performance testing (ensuring the phone runs smoothly under various conditions). You also exclude hardware testing, as your focus is on the software aspects.
  • Entry and Exit Criteria: You establish that testing will begin once the software is fully developed, and the smartphone prototype is ready for testing. The exit criteria might be met when the device achieves a certain level of stability, with all critical bugs fixed.
  • Deliverables: Your test scope mentions the deliverables you’ll provide, such as a test plan detailing the testing process, test cases for each feature, and bug reports with detailed information about any issues discovered during testing.

In our smartphone testing scenario, creating a test scope matters because of it:

  • Ensures a systematic approach to testing.
  • Helps testers focus on critical areas.
  • Sets clear objectives for testing.
  • Defines what’s in and out of scope.
  • Provides measurable criteria for success.

More relevant reading

  • Software TestingWhat’s the best way to plan and execute software testing for a complex project?
  • Software TestingHow have you overcome software testing challenges?
  • Internet ServicesWhat are the most effective ways to manage software testing for your team?
  • Software Project ManagementHow do you add software testing to the software project life cycle?

What is Test Plan?

What is a Test Plan?

A Test Plan is a critical and exhaustive document that outlines the strategies, goals, timeline, estimations, deadlines, and resources needed for the successful completion of a project. It provides a framework that is designed by QA managers to provide clarity about the necessary tests that you need to verify to ensure the proper functioning of the software.

Why is Test Plan creation important?

Did you know according to the Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) software failures cost the US economy about USD 59.5 billion annually or about 0.6% of the GDP (gross domestic product).

You can eliminate 1/3 of the cost with improved testing infrastructure and planning. Even though it may not be able to eliminate all errors cannot be eliminated through.

  • Reduction in defects: Identify and mitigate defects early on in the software lifecycle.
  • Improved quality: Studies indicate that projects equipped with thorough test plans generally experience reduced development and maintenance expenses. Identifying and addressing issues in the early stages is more economical compared to dealing with them after the software release.
  • Resource utilization: Data indicates that the presence of a test plan facilitates improved planning and allocation of resources, averting bottlenecks and ensuring the efficient execution of testing activities.
  • Faster time to market: The implementation of effective testing strategies specified in the plan plays a role in streamlining the development process. This leads to quicker time to market.
  • Mitigate risks: A well structured plan helps in identifying risks earlier in the process. These can be cross-collaborative risks as well as risks that are internal to the team.

Who needs Test Planning?

Test plan is an important artifact which, when well drafted, can act as an anchor for the product development process. However, these personas benefit more from its creation.

  • Developers, who get insights into the testing scope and requirements. This helps them anticipate the tests that will be executed on their code and understand the success criteria for testing.
  • QAs, who create and execute test cases to find bugs and document them. Test planning helps them establish testing strategies, allocate resources, and track the overall advancement of the testing process. Test Plan functions as a roadmap for carrying out test cases, monitoring test advancement, and guaranteeing thorough coverage.
  • Product Managers, who use test plans to make informed decisions about release timelines, resource allocation, and overall product quality. It helps them coordinate release activities, assess customer impact, and foster effective collaboration between development and testing teams to deliver high-quality software.
  • Business Analysts, who ensure all the test cases are well aligned with the business requirements specs at every stage, keeping users’ interests in mind. Through test planning, they get a clear vision of the relevance of test cases with current user requirements.
  • Compliance Teams, ensure that the testing procedures conform to predefined standards as per regulatory demands.
  • Support Teams, who communicate with users about known issues, provide timely solutions and offer guidance on workarounds. Test Plans help them anticipate potential issues or bugs that have been identified during the testing phase and figure out their workarounds to help users.

Difference between Test Strategy and Test Plan

A test strategy is a high-level outline that provides an approach and framework for testing. A test plan is a detailed document that provides guidance around specific test activities, scope, deliverables, and resource projections for the project.

Here’s a detailed comparison of Test Strategy vs Test Plan:

Aspect Test Plan Test Strategy
Definition Comprehensive details regarding testing goals, levels, categories, outputs, timetable, resources, roles, duties, risk management, and criteria for completion. General details concerning testing goals, levels, categories, tools, defect management, and the overarching testing strategy.
Scope Thorough, encompassing all aspects of the testing process for a particular project or application. Extensive, furnishing a structure for testing tasks spanning numerous projects or applications.
Audience Testing team members, testing managers, developers, project managers, and additional stakeholders engaged in the particular project. Managers overseeing projects, testing managers, and individuals making decisions requiring a summary of the overarching testing strategy.
Granularity More specific, concentrating on the implementation of testing tasks within a designated project or application. Less intricate, providing a broad viewpoint and directing the development of detailed test plans.
Timeline Usually generated subsequent to the test strategy, outlining precise schedules for testing stages and tasks. Developed at the outset of the project lifecycle, furnishing an outline before in-depth test planning.
Changes Prone to modifications throughout the project as additional detailed information is acquired or if project requirements undergo changes. Typically steady and undergoes infrequent alterations unless there are substantial shifts in project scope or objectives.

Components of a Test Plan

A test plan usually comprises various elements that offer in-depth details regarding the testing procedures for a particular software application or system.

The essential components of a test plan include:

  • Scope: Outlines the goals of the specific project and provides information about user scenarios intended for testing purposes. The scope may also specify scenarios or issues that will not be addressed by the project if required.
  • Schedule: Specifies the commencement dates and deadlines for testers to provide outcomes.
  • Resource Allocation: Specifies the allocation of specific tests to individual testers.
  • Environment: Describes the characteristics, setup, and accessibility of the test environment.
  • Tools: Specifies the tools that will be employed for testing, reporting bugs, and other pertinent activities.
  • Defect Management: Outlines the procedure for reporting bugs, including the designated recipients and the required accompanying elements for each bug report. This may include specifications such as whether bugs should be reported with screenshots, textual logs, or videos demonstrating their occurrence in the code.
  • Risk Management: Specifies potential risks that could arise during the testing of the software and the risks the software might face if released without adequate testing.
  • Exit Parameters: Specifies the cessation point for testing activities. This section delineates anticipated outcomes from QA operations, providing testers with a standard against which they can measure actual results.

How to create a Test Plan?

When you use test management software, you get an organized view of your test cases and clarity of steps for execution. With BrowserStack Test Management, you get an added advantage of not just defining your test cases, but also directly monitoring and running your tests using the configurations of devices and operating systems.

Best Practices for creating an effective Test Plan

Some of the key best practices for creating effective test plan are:

  • Understand project requirements and map to test cases.
  • Clearly state the objectives of the testing effort.
  • Clearly define the scope of testing, outlining which features and functionalities will be tested.
  • Document the expected deliverables of the testing process.
  • Define the test environment, detailing the hardware, software, and network configurations.
  • Identify potential risks associated with the testing process and the project.
  • Create a detailed testing schedule with milestones and deadlines.
  • Create a realistic and achievable testing schedule.
  • Maintain flexibility to tweak the plan, if required.
  • Include scope for retrospection and avoid pitfalls in the future.
  • Define key metrics to be collected during testing.
  • Conduct retrospectives to identify areas for improvement in the testing process.

Conclusion

Test planning in software testing is the backbone of the entire project. Without a sufficiently extensive and well-crafted plan, QAs are bound to get confused with vague, undefined goals and deadlines. This unnecessarily hinders fast and accurate testing, slowing results and delaying release cycles.

BrowserStack Test Management lets you manage the creation of test cases, importing test cases, syncing with bug tracking software, and running tests across devices, operating systems, and browsers through a unified interface.

Scope of Software Testing in 2024 | Recession Updates 2024
Scope of Software Testing in 2024 | Recession Updates 2024

Sample Test Strategy Document

Scope

The testing will be performed on the banking web application which includes the following functionalities:

  • User registration and account authentication
  • Account transactions and transfers
  • Balance inquiries and statements
  • Bill payments and fund transfers
  • Loan applications and approvals

Test Approach

The testing approach for the banking web application will include the following steps:

  • Test planning: The testing team will review the requirements and develop a test plan that outlines the testing scope, objectives, and timelines specific to banking functionalities.
  • Test design: The testing team will develop test cases and test scenarios based on the banking requirements and user stories. Test data will be identified, and test environments will be set up.
  • Test execution: The test cases will be executed using manual and automated testing techniques. The testing team will report and track defects, and retest fixed defects.
  • Test reporting: The testing team will prepare and share test reports that summarize the testing progress, the number of defects, and the overall quality of the banking application.

Testing Types

The following testing types will be performed during the testing of the banking web application:

  • Functional testing: This type of testing ensures that the application functions correctly according to the banking requirements. It includes the testing of user registration, account transactions, balance inquiries, bill payments, and loan applications.
  • Usability testing: This type of testing focuses on user experience, ease of use, and user interface design specific to banking operations.
  • Performance testing: This type of testing evaluates the system’s responsiveness, stability, and scalability under different load conditions for banking transactions.
  • Security testing: This type of testing ensures that the banking application is secure from unauthorized access, data breaches, and other security threats.
  • Compatibility testing: This type of testing checks if the banking application functions correctly across different browsers, devices, and operating systems.

Testing Tools

There are several important tools used in almost every testing project:

  • Test management tools
  • Test automation tools
  • Performance testing tools
  • Security testing tools
  • Code quality and static analysis tools
  • Test data management tools
  • Continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) tools
  • Defect tracking tools
  • Test environment management tools
  • Usability testing tools
  • Visual testing tools

Hardware – Software Configuration

The testing will be conducted on the banking web application across the following hardware and software configurations (based on the user and traffic analytics provided by the web development team or marketing team):

  • Operating systems: Windows, macOS, Linux
  • Browsers: Chrome, Firefox, Safari
  • Database systems: MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server

Reporting

The testing team will prepare and provide the following reports for the banking web application:

  • Test Cases Execution Report: Provides information on the execution of test cases, including:

    • Pass/fail status
    • Test case IDs
    • Associated defects or issues encountered during testing
  • Defect Report: Contains details about the defects or issues discovered during testing, including:

    • Description
    • Severity
    • Priority
    • Steps to reproduce
    • Current status (open, resolved, closed)
  • Test Summary Report: Offers an overview of the testing activities conducted, including:

    • Number of test cases executed
    • Pass/fail rates
    • Test coverage achieved
    • Overall assessment of the application’s quality
  • Test Progress Report: Tracks the progress of testing activities throughout the project, including:

    • Planned versus actual test execution
    • Remaining work
    • Milestones achieved
    • Risks or issues encountered
  • Test Coverage Report: Provides insights into the extent of testing coverage achieved, including:

    • Areas of the application tested
    • Types of testing performed
    • Gaps or areas requiring additional testing

A Detailed Guide on Test Coverage

The world has witnessed some of the disastrous events due to the errors prevailing in the software. One such event, which I personally recall, is the opening of Heathrow Terminal 5, the UK in 2008.

Engineers were pretty confident about the working of terminal pertaining to their rigorous testing. Though the baggage handling system couldn’t cope up when it faced some real-life scenarios; which resulted in complete shut down of the system. Over the following 10 days, some 42,000 bags failed to travel with their owners, and over 500 flights were cancelled.

All this due to the failure of engineers to carry out the test coverage of possible real-life scenarios. And it went down as “Disastrous Opening Day for Terminal 5” But we, at Simform, have no room for any mistakes in our test coverage practices.

In this blog, you will discuss all the aspects of test coverage and how it directly affects the production, whether it is custom software development or software testing.

Performance Testing Tip 9 - How to prepare Performance Test Plan?
Performance Testing Tip 9 – How to prepare Performance Test Plan?

Test Scope for Software Testing | What it is & How to Create

Test scope is a documented description of the boundaries, objectives, deliverables, and criteria that guide the testing process. In essence, it defines the “what,” “why,” and “how” of your software testing endeavors.

In the ever-evolving world of software development, ensuring that your product functions flawlessly is paramount. This is where software testing comes into play, serving as the gatekeeper to quality and reliability. To effectively manage the testing process, it’s crucial to define the parameters and boundaries of your testing efforts. This is where the concept of “test scope” becomes indispensable.

In this article, we will delve into what test scope is, why it’s essential, and how to create a comprehensive test scope that will be your guiding beacon through the intricate landscape of software testing.

Table Of Contents

  • 1 What is Test Scope?
  • 2 How to Define Test Scope for Software Testing?

    • 2.1 Step 1. Understand Project Objectives:
    • 2.2 Step 2. Identify Critical Features and Functionality:
    • 2.3 Step 3. Determine Test Types:
    • 2.4 Step 4. Establish Clear Objectives:
    • 2.5 Step 5. Specify Inclusions and Exclusions:
    • 2.6 Step 6. Define Entry and Exit Criteria:
    • 2.7 Step 7. Document Deliverables:
    • 2.8 Step 8. Review and Validate:
    • 2.9 Step 9. Keep it Updated:
  • 3 What Should be Included in the Test Scope?
  • 4 How does the Business Influence the Testing Scope?
  • 5 Test Scope and Test Automation
  • 6 Test Scope to Test Automation
  • 7 Conclusion
  • 8 Frequently Asked Questions

Conclusion

In conclusion, a well-defined test scope serves as the compass, guiding testing endeavors by outlining objectives, critical features, compliance requirements, and more. It lays the foundation for a structured and purpose-driven testing strategy.

On the other hand, test automation, exemplified by tools like Testsigma, empowers teams to execute tests with precision and efficiency. It streamlines repetitive tasks, supports multiple platforms, harnesses the power of AI for maintenance, and provides collaborative, cloud-based execution. When harmoniously integrated with a comprehensive test scope, test automation ensures that testing aligns with business goals, optimizes resource utilization, and accelerates the software testing lifecycle.

The process of moving from a meticulously defined test scope to efficient test automation is a crucial journey in modern software development. It bridges the gap between strategic objectives and practical testing efforts, and the right approach can significantly enhance the quality and reliability of software products.

Understanding Test Strategy in Software Testing
Understanding Test Strategy in Software Testing

What is Test Coverage?

Test coverage is defined as a technique which determines whether our test cases are actually covering the application code and how much code is exercised when we run those test cases.

If there are 10 requirements and 100 tests created and if 90 tests are executed then test coverage is 90%. Now, based on this metric, testers can create additional test cases for remaining tests.

Keywords searched by users: what is scope in test plan

Test Plan In Software Testing (Example)
Test Plan In Software Testing (Example)
One-Page Test Plan
One-Page Test Plan
Sel 43: Defining Scope Of Our Testing - Youtube
Sel 43: Defining Scope Of Our Testing – Youtube
Test Plan - Software Testing - Geeksforgeeks
Test Plan – Software Testing – Geeksforgeeks
Test Plan - Software Testing - Geeksforgeeks
Test Plan – Software Testing – Geeksforgeeks
Test Plan Vs Test Strategy | 6 Key Features Of Test Plan & Test Strategy
Test Plan Vs Test Strategy | 6 Key Features Of Test Plan & Test Strategy
Test Plan In Software Testing (Example)
Test Plan In Software Testing (Example)

See more here: kientrucannam.vn

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