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What Is A Solution Architect | Is Solution Architect A Good Career Path

What is a Solutions Architect? | SA Role Explained

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What are the different types and levels of solution architecture roles and responsibilities?

A solution architect is the most general and broad role in solution architecture. A solution architect oversees the entire solution lifecycle, from the initial analysis and design to the implementation and testing. A solution architect works closely with the business analysts, project managers, developers, testers, and other stakeholders to ensure that the solution meets the functional and non-functional requirements, as well as the architectural principles and guidelines. A solution architect also coordinates and communicates with other architects, such as enterprise, domain, or technical architects, to ensure that the solution is consistent and compatible with the overall architecture vision and strategy. A solution architect needs to have a solid understanding of the business domain, the technical domain, and the best practices and methodologies for solution design and delivery.

  • Mat Werber

    Technology Consultant (ex-AWS, EY, Apple)

    In my experience, the above is accurate, though there are other personas and roles of a Solution Architect: – Technical Enabler: creates technical assets (e.g. tools, guides, reference architectures), both internal and customer facing, to help scale future solutions. – Customer Advocate: bring customer feedback and lessons learned back to other internal teams, like product engineering or sales. – Sales Solution Architect: guide customers in understanding and evaluating solutions (pre-sales), and/or through design and implementation (post-sales). These are just a few examples, and in my experience, which hats you wear and to what extent is fluid depending on customer need, interests, and skillset.

  • PALLAVI NIGAM

    6X LinkedIn top voice I Supply chain Business & Digital transformation Evangelist |IT Product strategy & Portfolio Management |Technology Enthusiast I S2P/P2P/ O2C I S4/Hana I SAP BTP I DevOps & Cloud Strategist, D&A .

    Soft Skills: Regardless of the specific role, effective solution architects need strong soft skills, including communication, collaboration, and the ability to influence stakeholders at various levels. Certifications: Many architects pursue certifications relevant to their domain or technology stack to demonstrate expertise and stay current with industry standards. Continuous Learning: The technology landscape evolves rapidly, so staying abreast of new technologies and industry trends is crucial for all solution architects.

A domain architect is a role that focuses on a specific domain or area of the solution, such as data, security, integration, or user interface. A domain architect defines the standards, policies, and patterns for the domain, as well as the interfaces and dependencies with other domains. A domain architect also reviews and validates the design and implementation of the domain components, and provides guidance and support to the developers and testers. A domain architect needs to have a deep expertise and experience in the domain, as well as the ability to collaborate and communicate with other architects and stakeholders.

  • Uros Stojiljkovic

    🞻🟒🞻🟒🞻🟒🞻🟒

    Domain architect should make a new language layer. The language that will be used by programmers and management. So the work can be transparent, and both to know where they stand.

  • Hamid Sadeghpour Saleh

    Microsoft MVP | Cloud Solutions Architect | Advisor | Trainer | Community Builder

    A domain architect’s role is crucial in ensuring that a specific aspect of the solution is well-defined, consistent, and aligned with the organization’s architecture standards. They are often subject matter experts in their domain and provide valuable guidance to other architects and teams working on different aspects of the solution. Their expertise helps maintain the quality and coherence of the solution, particularly in complex projects where multiple domains interact. Communication and collaboration skills are essential for domain architects, as they need to work closely with other architects and stakeholders to achieve the overall architectural goals.

A technical architect is a role that focuses on the technical aspects of the solution, such as the infrastructure, platforms, tools, frameworks, and technologies. A technical architect defines the technical architecture and the technical requirements for the solution, as well as the technical risks and mitigation strategies. A technical architect also evaluates and selects the appropriate technical solutions and vendors, and ensures that they comply with the technical standards and regulations. A technical architect needs to have a strong knowledge and skills in the technical domain, as well as the ability to research and innovate new technologies and solutions.

  • Uros Stojiljkovic

    🞻🟒🞻🟒🞻🟒🞻🟒

    More focused on specific details. Bussines model, what kind of architecture should be implemented. How new things will adopt to existing architecture, be prepared to change direction with your architectural design, and so on. Choosing tech stack also for specific needs.

  • Hamid Sadeghpour Saleh

    Microsoft MVP | Cloud Solutions Architect | Advisor | Trainer | Community Builder

    A technical architect plays a vital role in ensuring that the technical components of a solution are well-designed, reliable, and aligned with the organization’s technical standards. They are responsible for making critical decisions about technology selection, system architecture, and ensuring that the technical aspects of the solution meet the desired performance, scalability, and security requirements. Technical architects often work closely with domain architects to ensure that the technical components integrate seamlessly with the rest of the solution. They must stay up-to-date with the latest technological advancements and have a deep understanding of how various technologies can be leveraged to meet business goals.

A lead architect is a role that leads and manages a team of architects, either within a project, a program, or a portfolio. A lead architect defines the architecture vision and strategy for the team, as well as the architecture governance and processes. A lead architect also mentors and coaches the team members, and monitors and reports on the architecture performance and quality. A lead architect needs to have a high level of leadership and management skills, as well as the ability to influence and negotiate with senior stakeholders and sponsors.

  • Uros Stojiljkovic

    🞻🟒🞻🟒🞻🟒🞻🟒

    That can be why some managers, do not agree with it. It sounds to me like one more money position. They should be like in ancient Greece,

  • Hamid Sadeghpour Saleh

    Microsoft MVP | Cloud Solutions Architect | Advisor | Trainer | Community Builder

    A lead architect is a senior role in the field of solution architecture and plays a crucial role in driving architectural decisions and ensuring that architectural principles and standards are followed. This role often involves not only technical leadership but also project management, as lead architects may be responsible for managing teams of architects and coordinating their efforts to deliver complex solutions. In addition to their strong technical skills, lead architects must excel in communication, teamwork, and leadership to effectively guide their teams and work with senior stakeholders to align architecture with business objectives.

A senior architect is a role that has a high level of experience and expertise in solution architecture, and is recognized as an authority and a leader in the field. A senior architect provides strategic direction and guidance for the solution architecture practice, as well as the architecture standards and frameworks. A senior architect also participates in complex and critical projects, and provides consultation and advice to other architects and stakeholders. A senior architect needs to have a proven track record of delivering successful solutions, as well as the ability to mentor and inspire others.

  • Hamid Sadeghpour Saleh

    Microsoft MVP | Cloud Solutions Architect | Advisor | Trainer | Community Builder

    These professionals possess extensive experience and knowledge in architecting complex solutions and have demonstrated their ability to lead and provide valuable insights. They often serve as mentors, trainers, and thought leaders within their organizations, contributing to the growth and development of less experienced architects. Their expertise helps in shaping architectural best practices, strategies, and standards, and they are often called upon to address critical architectural challenges and provide guidance on major projects. Senior architects play a pivotal role in ensuring that architectural decisions align with the organization’s goals and contribute to its long-term success.

  • Ashraf Alsadiq

    Sr. Architect | IT Manager & Delivery Leader | Digital Industrial Business Solutions

    Kudos to all the Senior Architects who are truly the pillars of wisdom and leadership in solution architecture! Your invaluable experience and strategic guidance set the standard for excellence. How do you approach mentoring and inspiring the next generation of architects? Let’s celebrate the Senior Architects who shape the future of our architectural landscape!

An enterprise architect is a role that defines and governs the overall architecture of an organization, across multiple domains, systems, and solutions. An enterprise architect establishes the enterprise architecture vision and strategy, as well as the enterprise architecture framework and principles. An enterprise architect also aligns the enterprise architecture with the business strategy and objectives, and ensures that the enterprise architecture supports the current and future needs of the organization. An enterprise architect needs to have a holistic and systemic view of the organization, as well as the ability to communicate and collaborate with various stakeholders and levels.

  • Behrang Shirazi

    CTO | CEA | Advisor | Enterprise Architect | Strategic Technology Planning | Technology Transformation

    It is a good concise definition of Enterprise Architecture role. In my experience would like to add a flavor of EA Governance to it as well.

  • Ciprian B.

    Senior Solutions Consultant/Architect at ELKO Romania [Hewlett Packard Enterprise]

    Imagine a seasoned orchestrator steering the organization. The Enterprise Solution Architect not only navigates the current technological landscape but strategically integrates projects into the broader organizational framework. Their focus seamlessly aligns with our development journey and priorities.

  • Jon Yates

    Principal Technical Consultant at Atkins

    Does it also need to include Data, Security architect? What about some of the frameworks and methodologies that can be followed?

  • Luis Miguel Astudillo

    🇨🇦 Independent IT Infrastructure Solution Architect | High Availability Architecture, IT Infrastructure Design |Aerospace & Defence – Active Top Secret & NATO Secret

    What about Infrastructure Architect role? (where allowed to use to “Architect” title). I had this role for many years now combined with Solution Architect.

When a company needs solution architecture consulting

Solution architecture can be introduced to the corporate structure by technology consulting organizations if the process of integrating new software systems isn’t systematic. On top of that, there is no need to have a solution architect for every single project. If you implement a single tech module that is proven to be working in similar contexts, you don’t need a solution architect. Once software engineering projects grow more complicated and entail a bigger number of processes and risks, it’s better to consider solution architecture consulting services.Let’s have a look at the cases when solution architecture consulting is recommended:You don’t know which solution fits the enterprise ecosystem best. You need to forge a link between the existing enterprise architecture and the particular project. Solution architects will guarantee the solution meets the standards of your company environment. For example, if you move a number of existing back-office processes to the cloud, a solution architect is in charge of analyzing multiple options and suggesting the most relevant ones in terms of technology, human, and financial resources.You run a digital transformation project. Digital transformation requires businesses to reconsider either how they deliver value to their customers or what they will eventually deliver. There’s no way to answer these questions without linking technology and business perspectives, which is squarely in a solution architect’s wheelhouse.You face a lot of risks. A solution architect is necessary for projects where many technology risks are present, uncertain requirements can appear, multiple products must be implemented at once, or the underlying technologies aren’t approved yet.You must pitch a product roadmap to investors. If you must present a future product to investors and stakeholders, a solution architect will suggest the technologies that will match product requirements and communicate the reasoning in plain and clear business terms.You need to set up communications between stakeholders and engineers. A solution architect will help to fill the communication gap between technical and non-technical specialists. Also, by collaborating with the project management team, solution architects cover the risks of product misalignment with stakeholder requirements and ensure that the solution fits the defined purpose.Many teams are involved in the project. You may have a large project that requires someone to manage designers, technical or business architect teams to produce a quality technical project outcome.Solution architecture is the underpinning for any IT project, regardless of whether you actually adopt this practice or not. By deliberately introducing solution architecture, you build the framework that aligns technology, resources, and skills with defined business goals.Prior to considering solution architecture, we recommend exploring enterprise architecture frameworks that combine both solution and enterprise levels.Traditionally, small and mid-size businesses consider neither the practice of solution architecture nor the respective role justified. Addressing solution architecture problems is delegated and shared across other roles within a product team. And it’s a viable option for small projects with predictable outcomes. However, if you have a complex enterprise architecture that introduces multiple software products into a functioning ecosystem, you need to fully rebuild your legacy software, or make a set of strategic technological decisions, the relevance of a dedicated specialist is obvious.

Bài viết được sự cho phép của tác giả Edward Thien Hoang

Solution Architect hay còn được gọi là Kiến trúc sư Giải pháp là một job title trong các công ty software.

Bài viết này nhằm cung cấp cho các bạn đang là software engineer một lộ trình để có thể up skill của mình lên vai trò mới là Solution Architect. Lưu ý bài viết chỉ mang tính chất tham khảo từ kinh nghiệm cá nhân của mình.

What is a Solutions Architect? | SA Role Explained
What is a Solutions Architect? | SA Role Explained

The Future for Solution Architects

The Solution Architect role is evolving with the integration of technology, data analytics, and globalized economies. Tomorrow’s Solution Architects will not just be tech experts but also strategic visionaries, tech-savvy leaders, and proactive change agents. For those with the ambition and the right skill set, the Solution Architect position promises a fulfilling and influential career.

This article is part of an IT Career News series called Your Next Move. These articles take an inside look at the roles related to CompTIA certifications. Each article will include the responsibilities, qualifications, related job titles and salary range for the role. As you consider the next move in your IT career, check back with CompTIA to learn more about your job prospects and how to get there.

When a program, application or system isn’t working out the way it should, an organization may go back to the drawing board to fix what isn’t working or redesign something entirely. When this happens, a solution architect may be brought in. If you are an excellent problem solver with a knack for seeing the big picture, a career as a solution architect may be for you.

Is Solution Architect a Good Career Path

Being a Solution Architect is undeniably a prestigious and rewarding career choice. To evaluate its attractiveness, let’s break down various factors:

  1. Opportunities for Advancement (Score: 9): As a top-tier position, the Solution Architect role offers unparalleled influence and decision-making authority. The progression from technical roles to the Solution Architect position exemplifies growth potential within the corporate ladder, offering increased responsibilities and strategic roles.
  2. Skill Development (Score: 9): The tech landscape is dynamic. Solution Architects must continually adapt to technological changes, industry trends, and innovative solutions. This constant evolution ensures that Solution Architects are always learning and refining their skills.
  3. Industry Growth (Score: 9): Every sector, whether tech, healthcare, or retail, requires a Solution Architect. The demand is high and growing, with businesses always on the lookout for the most skilled technical minds.
  4. Stability (Score: 8): The essential nature of technology in every business guarantees a high degree of job stability. Market fluctuations might affect some sectors, but the need for technical leadership remains constant.
  5. Networking Opportunities (Score: 9): As top-tier professionals, Solution Architects interact with industry leaders, investors, and other influential figures, offering rich opportunities for networking and collaborations.
  6. Flexibility (Score: 8): While the Solution Architect role involves significant responsibilities, it also provides some flexibility in terms of strategic decision-making and potential for remote work, especially in modern, digitally-forward companies.
  7. Salary and Benefits Progression (Score: 9): Solution Architects enjoy one of the highest compensation packages in the corporate world. As the company grows and succeeds, so does the Solution Architect’s remuneration, reflecting their integral role.
  8. Work-Life Balance (Score: 7): Due to the weight of responsibilities and the constant need to stay updated with technological advancements, achieving a perfect work-life balance can be challenging. However, the rewards and satisfaction from the role can offset this aspect for many.

In summary, the journey to becoming a Solution Architect is lined with opportunities for personal growth, networking, and substantial rewards, making it an appealing career path for aspiring tech professionals.

Would you like a 4 day work week?

What is a SOLUTION ARCHITECT?
What is a SOLUTION ARCHITECT?

Trước tiên, định nghĩa về Solution Architect

Có rất nhiều role về Architect trong một doanh nghiệp bao gồm: Enterprise architects, Domain architects, Solution architects, Data architects, Technical architects, Security architects, Infrastructure architects, Application architects hoặc thậm chí là Cloud Architect như AWS Architect hoặc Azure architects, …

Bài viết này không nhằm mục đích là giải thích từng role architect ở trên, mà tập trung vào Solution architects.

Có thể hiểu Solution Architect là người chịu trách nhiệm xây dựng giải pháp cho một bài toán hoặc yêu cầu cụ thể từ phía khách hàng. Solution Architect thường chịu trách nhiệm thiết kế mô hình kiến trúc giải pháp và tập trung giải quyết các yêu cầu phi chức năng (non-functional requirements), chẳng hạn như bảo mật, hiệu suất và khả năng mở rộng (scalability). Để hiểu rõ hơn về các công việc phải làm của 1 Solution Architect, bạn có thể đọc series bài viết SOLUTIONS ARCHITECT SERIES

Tuy nhiên trong thực tế, Solution Architect có thể đảm nhận luôn vai trò của các Architect khác ví dụ như thiết kế infrastructure, security, data trên nhiều nền tảng khác nhau như on-premise hoặc on Cloud.

Có 2 role Architect rất dễ nhầm lẫn với Solution Architect đó là Technical Architect và Application Architect.

Trong khi Solution Architect chịu trách nhiệm thiết kế giải pháp toàn diện về nhiều khía cạnh như đã nói ở trên, thì Technical Architect có kiến thức chuyên sâu về một nền tảng hoặc công nghệ và họ có kinh nghiệm thực tế. Họ thường coaching các Developer, DevOps engineer trong việc triển khai giải pháp bằng việc đi sâu vào chi tiết kỹ thuật trong bản thiết kế high-level của Solution Architect.

Application Architect tập trung vào việc xây dựng các tính năng mà được yêu cầu. Không giống như các kiến trúc sư khác, họ không quan tâm nhiều đến các yêu cầu phi chức năng. Vai trò của họ là áp dụng các best practices và các pattern để tạo ra các ứng dụng dễ bảo trì và dễ đọc.

Tham khảo thêm các vị trí tuyển dụng Solution Architect lương cao tại Topdev

What Is a Solution Architect?

Like the title itself implies, a solution architect quite literally looks for solutions. A solution architect looks at the big picture when technological decisions are made by an organization and weeds out the non-functioning or low-functioning aspects of those choices, keeping in mind the overall needs that the solution should address.

Other duties of a solution architect may include the following:

  • Build computer and information systems that meet specific needs
  • Recommend and integrate software and hardware that will meet objectives
  • Examine current systems architecture and give recommendations
  • Organize development efforts and select team members
  • Communicate effectively with staff and clients, being able to explain complicated tech ideas in layman’s terms

A solution architect bridges the gap between business problems and technology solutions. Someone in this role must be able to work with business leaders and have a vision of how things are supposed to look and operate. Additionally, a solution architect must lead a team of IT pros to make those visions happen while simultaneously keeping the big picture in mind when it comes to finding the best solutions.

In other words, a solution architect looks at each piece of the tech puzzle both individually and all together, and then analyzes whether or not things are working well together. This role is essentially a compass for when technological planning and decisions need to happen. A solution architect provides information and guidance before a single line of code is written.

What Does An AWS Solutions Architect Actually Do?
What Does An AWS Solutions Architect Actually Do?

FAQ

Who is an IT solution architect?

An IT solution architect is a professional in charge of developing a comprehensive architecture for a future software solution. They also have to provide a clear strategy throughout the whole software development process.

This specialist is responsible for making sure the future solution will perfectly fit all business requirements and end-user needs. They are the ones who oversee the successful implementation of the quality solution. Therefore, they have to possess a clear understanding of the client’s vision and goals to achieve productive and effective outcomes.

What does a solutions architect do?

A solutions architect designs and implements IT systems architectures that meet the set business requirements. Their role starts with gathering the requirements, understanding the specifications, evaluating the systems that are in place, and working closely with stakeholders to deliver the right solution.

In general, the solutions architect’s role is to explain the business requirements to the development team and lead them in building a product that can solve real business issues effectively. The position is very responsible and requires wide-ranging IT skills and knowledge. With companies increasingly relying on software and emerging technologies, the role of this expert will continue to gain weight.

What is the average salary of a solutions architect?

The salary of a solutions architect varies a lot and depends on multiple factors. First of all, the location of a specialist plays an integral role. For example, in the US, an expert can get between $142K – 238K yearly, whereas in Ukraine, a professional with the same qualifications can get between $68K – 90K per year. Moreover, the salary is also based on years of experience, technical skills, seniority, and soft skills as well.

How to find a qualified solution architect?

It’s not really easy to find and hire a well-matching solution architect, as the market demand for accomplished specialists is enormous. If you want to hire an in-house member, the search process will take a while as you have limited access to professionals in your area. However, if you are open to new opportunities and can consider hiring a remote team member, you will increase your chances of hiring the right person.

We highly recommend you turn to a trusted outsourcing vendor with years of experience hiring software development professionals. First of all, they will grant you access to a vast talent pool of experts. In addition, you can channel all your energy into your business needs, and your vendor will take care of the recruitment process and will offer you the best specialists to choose from.

A solution architect is a specialized role within a company tailoring IT solutions to specific business needs. Explore the skill sets and required career paths to become a successful SA. ► Compare SA’s role to other IT architects!

A solution architect is a specialized role providing the groundwork for software development projects by tailoring IT solutions to specific business needs. The role consists of many subprocesses that draw from various other IT viewpoints.

Solution architecture is one of the most important processes when redesigning your IT landscape. A solution is a way to describe an answer to a problem, however, in the corporate world, a solution means evaluating a client’s needs or problems and addressing them with systems that replace or improve what already exists.

A solution architect’s role differs from enterprise architects and technical architects. This page will explain the roles and responsibilities of a solutions architect, their career path, and how they differentiate from other IT roles.

The solution architect position evaluates all business requirements within an organization to come up with the technical vision to solve business problems.

Solutions architecture requires both technical and interpersonal skills to design, describe, and manage solutions. They evaluate the existing environment and examine how different elements of business, information, and technology can be applied to solve a specific problem.

They will also propose detailed building blocks that provide the best possible fix and serve as the bridge between enterprise architects and technical architects.

After solution architects have designed the correct solution, it’s their job to manage the various activities that are involved for a successful implementation.

Broadly speaking, a solution architect’s task is to evaluate all business requirements and come up with solutions in the form of products or services. SAs are not only in charge of finding answers but also of actively leading the technical vision to success.

The solution architecture discipline consists of several complex processes and sub-processes. Therefore, SAs plays a central role in an organization’s efforts to introduce and successfully implement new technology solutions.

First, SAs look closely at how the different elements of business, information, and technology can be applied to solve a specific problem.

Next, they propose a combination of building blocks that provides the best possible solution.

This process is very detail-oriented and serves as a connecting piece between enterprise architecture and technical architecture. It also requires a breadth of knowledge in the technical and business inner workings of the company.

Solution architect day-to-day work involves designing and providing recommendations and roadmaps for proposed solutions. It also involves debugging and creating performance analysis on implemented solutions.

They will also need to document and share best practices and advocate for process improvements. Other daily tasks include communication with teams, customers, and project stakeholders, as well as providing technical leadership throughout the project lifecycle.

Successful solutions architects need a strong combination of hard and soft skills to achieve competency in the role. Hard skills include a deep knowledge of business processes and solutions, while soft skills include good communication.

Solution architect skills are:

To begin a career as a solutions architect, employees will need to have the following qualifications:

The responsibilities of a solutions architect involve understanding potentially complex problems and finding all the possible solutions – accurately defining the issue and the requirement.

In many cases, the business will not recognize the full extent of the challenge. It is the SA’s responsibility to set engagement objectives and scope, develop work plans and coordinate activities across multiple project workstreams.

They will also need to assess the technical needs and capabilities during implementation. With analytical approach, solutions architects need to understand all of the technologies and topics related to a business to have a deep enough understanding to create a solution.

Another responsibility of a solutions architect is to invest time into their craft; researching and understanding new technologies and solutions.

Solutions architects will also be in regular communication with IT specialists and enterprise architects to develop and implement complex technology and business solutions.

Some of the deliverables solutions architects will produce include:

The average salary for a solutions architect can range between $91,000 to $172,000 annually, depending on the experience the candidate has. The average technical architecture salary in the United States is currently around $124,960.

A solution architect’s salary expectations will range based on experience, achieved certifications, and qualifications. As it’s a critical technical and leadership role within a company, the position is well-paid and highly sought-after.

Level Average Salary Time in Role
Experienced Solution Architect $175,000 10+ years
Solution Architect $125,000 5-9 years
Entry-level Solution Architect $75,000 1-4 years

There is no set career path to becoming a solutions architect, however many candidates enter the position from a background in software development.

Most solutions architects hold some kind of bachelor’s degree in information technology, computer science, or software development. An MBA in information systems would also be a good fit for those pursuing a role in solutions architecture.

Most will already have several years (5-10) of hands-on experience in software development, network administration, or information technology. It helps them develop a strong understanding of the tools and technologies involved in designing solutions.

Many SAs will have the tools to move into corporate or business planning, other senior IT positions, different architecture roles, or even a CTO. Consulting is also an option for competent solutions architects.

Many employers will require their solutions architects to have achieved certain certifications which prove proficiency in various areas of the role. The most important solutions architecture certifications are:

Solutions architects will use various tools to develop their designs and diagrams. These tools – such as the LeanIX EAM – help SA’s map design IT infrastructure, produce diagrams and facilitate the to-be architecture. Therefore, selecting the best solutions architect tool can be essential to the success of the solution.

The enterprise architecture tool is designed to help solutions architects manage the transformation and risk of an organization’s IT landscape. This tool leverages technology to make decisions quickly, map designs, and manage possible outcomes and risks of the chosen solution.

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Solutions architects require both technical knowledge and people skills to be an asset in the position. Solutions architects value the following skills, qualifications, and experience:

The main difference between a solutions architect and a software architect is their main focus. The solution architect’s focus is on developing and documenting solutions for specific architectural issues intended to enable a particular business outcome.

Alternatively, a software architect will be involved in the build phase of the project. Their job is to define and document software structures based on known functional and non-functional requirements. This will enable software engineers to produce the solution as defined, reviewed, and approved by the solution architect.

AWS (Amazon Web Services) is a cloud computing platform that most IT professionals will have some experience with. An AWS cloud practitioner is someone who has achieved a certificate of AWS competency. Most solutions architects will hold one of the many AWS cloud practitioner certifications but also work with other cloud systems and technologies. Solutions architects will leverage their knowledge of AWS to produce solutions.

While a solutions architect is responsible for designing solutions for a project, the software engineer is the one who makes it happen.

Along with developers, engineers need to understand and interpret the product requirements to build the apps, systems, and solutions to achieve the desired outcome. They also need to be able to resolve problems and address bugs that might arise during the development process.

An application architect is similar to a software architect. They are monitoring a single application to understand the various interactions between the different components, and other business apps and can define limitations and requirements for source code.

Like solutions architecture, it is one of the many pillars of enterprise architecture. Solutions architects will work with the whole application landscape, but not exclusively.

A cloud architect is responsible for overseeing a company’s cloud computing strategy. SAs need a strong knowledge of cloud computing systems and work with cloud architects to develop solutions related to the systems in place.

On the other hand, a cloud architect will adopt plans, develop cloud application designs, and monitor cloud management. They oversee the application architecture and deployment within cloud environments (public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud).

Solution architects are one of several domains that form the pillars of IT. As one of a few IT experts and leaders whose goal it is to develop enterprise-wide infrastructure plans and projects to achieve goals, improve systems and manage solutions.

They will work directly with EAs, TAs, business architects, etc. to achieve future state architecture. IT architects and their respective teams work through various aspects of a project life cycle; devising, planning, and designing the implementation of improved processes, business capabilities, and applications.

The synergy between these roles is key in building a long-lasting, effective enterprise architecture.

The core competencies of IT architecture

How to become BA, EA, SA, or TA

The daily use cases tackled by each role

What is a solution architect?

A solutions architect is a senior technical position tasked with devising the technical vision to solve business problems.

What does a solution architect do?

A solutions architect works with an organization to understand their problems and provide various solutions to change or improve architecture to alleviate the issue. They play a central role in an organization’s efforts to introduce and successfully implement new technology solutions.

What are the duties of a solution architect?

Produce test plans that prove project feasibility and keep them updated. Develop proofs of concept that validate the solution. Identify project risks and present alternatives to solve the issue.

Document client-user stories and technical constraints/requirements. Produce detailed component specifications. Create detailed designs for implementation.

Is a solution architect a good career?

Yes, a solutions architect is an important and senior position that is both well-compensated and highly sought-after.

What skills do you need to be a solutions architect?

Solutions architects need a combination of hard and soft skills to succeed in the role. These include a strong knowledge of business processes, IT systems, and solutions, while also being able to communicate complex software processes. Solutions architects also need strong leadership skills and several years of hands-on experience in a related field.

What is the difference between an architect and a solution architect?

Solutions architects are one of several architectural roles within an organization – including business architects, technical architects, and IT architects – whom all play a vital role in overseeing various points in the lifecycle of enterprise architecture projects and improvements.

How do you become a solution architect?

There is no set career path to becoming an SA, but most come from a background in architecture, project management, or software development.

How do you become a good solution architect?

To become a successful solutions architect, you will need a bachelor’s or post-graduate degree in IT, computer science, software engineering, or equivalent. There are also several certificates recommended solution architects achieve before applying for the position.

You will also need at least five years of experience working in software development and project management. Experience is one of the key paths to becoming a great SA.

What tools do solution architects use?

Solutions architects will use various tools to develop their solutions and design IT infrastructure. The LeanIX EAM is one tool used by solutions architects to help with application modernization and cloud migration.

Does the solution architect require coding?

No, solution architects do not require coding since many IT architects will already have experience with languages and Linux systems. Most of the time in their role they will analyze and lead software engineers and application architects to complete their projects.

Solution Architect Career Path

7 min read

13 Aug, 2023

Career path

The Solution Architect, simply known as SA, is a pivotal role in the digital age. They’re the masterminds of digital solutions, perfectly blending technical proficiency with strategic planning to drive a company’s technological success.

Solution Architects shape a company’s technological direction, making critical decisions that impact efficiency, scalability, and growth. They are the digital backbone, ensuring technology is used effectively to meet business objectives and future challenges are anticipated.

What does a Solution Architect do?

The importance of solution architects lies in their ability to bridge the gap between technical and business aspects of a project. They play a critical role in ensuring that technology solutions meet the needs of the organization and contribute to its success.

A solution architect’s expertise in identifying potential risks, selecting appropriate technologies, and designing scalable and maintainable solutions is crucial for the success of any IT project. They work closely with stakeholders to understand their requirements, constraints, and goals, and translate them into a technical solution that meets their needs. Without the guidance and expertise of a solution architect, projects may fail to meet their objectives, may not be scalable, secure, or maintainable, and may not provide the expected return on investment.

Duties and ResponsibilitiesThe duties and responsibilities of a solution architect can be quite extensive and varied, depending on the organization and the project they are working on. Some of the key duties and responsibilities of a solution architect include:

  • Analyzing business requirements: The solution architect must have a deep understanding of the business needs and goals of the organization, and work with stakeholders to determine the technical requirements of the solution. This involves analyzing business processes and workflows, and identifying areas where technology can be used to improve efficiency and effectiveness.
  • Designing the solution: Based on the business requirements, the solution architect must design a technical solution that meets those requirements. This includes developing technical specifications, creating architecture diagrams, and defining the software, hardware, and network components that will be used.
  • Evaluating technologies: The solution architect must evaluate different technologies and vendors to determine the best fit for the solution. This involves conducting research, assessing the capabilities and limitations of different technologies, and comparing their costs and benefits.
  • Creating technical documentation: The solution architect must create detailed technical documentation that describes the solution, including architecture diagrams, interface specifications, and data models. This documentation is used by the development team to build and implement the solution, and by stakeholders to understand the technical aspects of the solution.
  • Managing the development team: The solution architect must work closely with the development team to ensure that the solution is implemented according to the design, and that it meets the business requirements. This involves providing guidance and oversight to the development team, and resolving technical issues that arise during the development process.
  • Resolving technical issues: The solution architect must be able to troubleshoot technical issues that arise during the development process, and work with the development team to resolve them. This requires a deep understanding of the technical components of the solution, as well as the ability to work collaboratively with others to solve complex problems.
  • Ensuring quality: The solution architect is responsible for ensuring that the solution is of high quality, including performance, reliability, and scalability. This involves testing and validating the solution, and ensuring that it meets the business requirements and technical specifications.
  • Managing project timelines: The solution architect must work with project managers to create and manage project timelines, ensuring that the solution is delivered on time and within budget. This involves identifying risks and issues that could impact the project timeline, and developing strategies to mitigate them.
  • Maintaining technical knowledge: The solution architect must stay up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends to ensure that the solutions they design are current and relevant. This involves attending conferences and training sessions, reading industry publications, and participating in online forums and communities.
  • Communicating with stakeholders: The solution architect must communicate the technical details of the solution to stakeholders, including executives, business owners, and end-users, in a clear and concise manner. This involves translating technical jargon into plain language, and presenting complex technical concepts in a way that is easily understood by non-technical stakeholders.
  • Providing technical leadership: The solution architect is often seen as a technical leader within the organization, and is responsible for setting technical standards and best practices. This involves providing guidance and mentorship to other technical team members, and ensuring that the organization is using technology in the most effective and efficient way possible.
  • Ensuring compliance: The solution architect must ensure that the solution is compliant with regulatory and legal requirements, such as data privacy laws or industry-specific regulations. This involves working with legal and compliance teams to identify requirements, and designing the solution to meet those requirements.

Types of Solution ArchitectsThere are different types of solution architects, each with a specific focus or area of expertise. Some of the common types of solution architects include:

  • Enterprise Solution Architect: An enterprise solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions at an enterprise level. They work with business leaders and stakeholders to define the organization’s strategic goals, and then design and implement solutions that align with those goals. They take a holistic view of the organization, considering all the departments and business units, and make sure the solutions they design are scalable, efficient, and meet the organization’s long-term needs.
  • Infrastructure Solution Architect: An infrastructure solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions for infrastructure and hardware. They work with network engineers, system administrators, and other IT professionals to design solutions that support the organization’s business goals. They design and implement network and storage systems, virtualization solutions, and hardware configurations that are reliable, scalable, and cost-effective.
  • Application Solution Architect: An application solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions for applications. They work with software developers, project managers, and other stakeholders to design solutions that meet the business needs of the organization. They are responsible for defining the software architecture, selecting the appropriate software design patterns, and ensuring that the application is scalable, reliable, and secure.
  • Data Solution Architect: A data solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions for data management and analysis. They work with data scientists, data analysts, and other stakeholders to design solutions that support the organization’s data needs. They design and implement database solutions, data models, and data governance policies that ensure data accuracy, security, and accessibility.
  • Cloud Solution Architect: A cloud solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions for cloud-based platforms. They work with cloud engineers, developers, and other stakeholders to design solutions that are scalable, secure, and cost-effective. They design and implement solutions that leverage the capabilities of public, private, and hybrid cloud environments, and ensure that the solutions are compliant with regulatory and legal requirements.
  • Security Solution Architect: A security solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions for information security. They work with security analysts, network engineers, and other stakeholders to design solutions that protect the organization’s data and systems from cyber threats. They design and implement solutions for identity and access management, network security, and data protection.
  • Integration Solution Architect: An integration solution architect focuses on designing and implementing solutions for system integration. They work with middleware engineers, API developers, and other stakeholders to design solutions that integrate different systems and applications. They design and implement messaging systems, API gateways, and other integration solutions that ensure data accuracy, security, and accessibility.
  • Solution Delivery Architect: A solution delivery architect focuses on overseeing the delivery of a solution, from design to implementation. They work with project managers, developers, and other stakeholders to ensure that the solution is delivered on time and within budget. They are responsible for ensuring that the solution meets the business requirements, is scalable, reliable, and secure, and that it is compliant with regulatory and legal requirements.
AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate 2020 (PASS THE EXAM!)
AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate 2020 (PASS THE EXAM!)

How to Become a Solution Architect

Solution architect is an advanced-level IT job. Most companies hiring a solution architect are looking for someone with a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology or something in the engineering field. Some solution architects have advanced degrees, as well.

Many solution architects previously worked on system or software development teams, perhaps starting out as software developers or testers. IT jobs like network administrator and QA analyst could also be stepping stones to solution architect. Before becoming a solution architect, many that hold this position were previously project managers.

Getting IT certifications like CompTIA Network+, CompTIA Cloud+ and CompTIA Linux+ early on can help you build a solid foundation of skills to move into the role of solution architect. Check out the CompTIA Career Roadmap to see what other certifications can help you become a solution architect.

Solution architect – Kiến trúc sư giải pháp là gì?

Kiến trúc sư giải pháp (Solution architect) là một chuyên gia có vai trò quan trọng nhất và hướng tới khách hàng trong ngành công nghệ thông tin. Người mà tầm quan trọng của họ vẫn thường bị các công ty ở cả hai đầu bỏ qua hoặc quan tâm đến.

Để một giải pháp phần mềm hoạt động hiệu quả, có quy mô và đáp ứng các nhu cầu kinh doanh đặt ra. Nó cần phải có một kiến trúc được suy nghĩ kỹ lưỡng, phù hợp với nhiều khách hàng và các kỹ thuật khác nhau. Nói một cách đơn giản, thành công lâu dài của bất kỳ dự án CNTT nào đều dựa vào đầu vào từ kiến trúc sư giải pháp, người cần phải có:

  • Chuyên môn kỹ thuật rộng
  • Kỹ năng phân tích kinh doanh
  • Kỹ năng quản lý dự án.
What Does a Solutions Architect Do? | Job Duties and Responsibilities
What Does a Solutions Architect Do? | Job Duties and Responsibilities

Career Progression for a Solution Architect

The journey to becoming a Solution Architect encompasses a variety of technical and strategic roles. Here’s an overview of the typical progression, including the salary brackets sourced from Talent.com:

  1. Junior Solution Architect ($98,475 – $124,500): At this stage, professionals focus on assisting senior architects, developing solution architectures, and learning about business objectives.
  2. Solution Architect ($126,022 – $180,511): As architects, they oversee the development and implementation of technical solutions, aligning them with business objectives.
  3. Senior Solution Architect ($130,700 – $200,000): Here, they start to have a say in the company’s technological strategy, working closely with top management and advising on major technical decisions.
  4. Principal Solution Architect ($162,501 – $204,520): At this level, the responsibilities grow to include risk management, overseeing the tech department, and aligning technical strategies with company objectives.
  5. Chief Solution Architect ($180,000 – $245,700): As the pinnacle of technical careers, the Chief Solution Architect has overarching responsibility for all technical aspects of the company, shaping strategy, overseeing solution development, and guiding the company’s growth and stability.

Each stage requires a blend of technical acumen, leadership skills, and strategic insight, culminating in the esteemed Solution Architect position.

Mức lương của Solution architect

Dựa trên những yêu cầu và kỹ năng cần có thì mức thu nhập của kiến trúc sư giải pháp được đánh giá khá cao. Theo khảo sát thực tế của Testerpro.vn thì mức lương trung bình khoảng 40 triệu đồng/tháng. Mức lương này còn cao hơn nữa khi Solution architect có nhiều kiến thức, kỹ năng và kinh nghiệm. Với kiến trúc sư giải pháp có 10 năm kinh nghiệm thì mức lương có thể lên đến 5000 – 6000 USD/tháng.

3 Things I Wish I Knew Before Becoming A Solutions Architect
3 Things I Wish I Knew Before Becoming A Solutions Architect

Definitions[edit]

The Open Group’s definition of solution architecture, as provided above, is accompanied by the following three from Scaled Agile, Gartner and Greefhorst/Proper. It is worth noting that the Open Group does not recognize the role “solution architect” in its TOGAF skills framework; on the other hand, Glassdoor advertised 55,000 Solution Architect roles in August 2020.[2]

  • Scaled agile (2020): Solution Architect/Engineering is responsible for defining and communicating a shared technical and architectural vision across a “Solution Train” to help ensure the system or Solution under development is fit for its intended purpose.[3]
  • Gartner (2013): A solution architecture (SA) is an architectural description of a specific solution. SAs combine guidance from different enterprise architecture viewpoints (business, information and technical), as well as from the enterprise solution architecture (ESA).[4]
  • Greefhorst and Proper (2013): An architecture of a solution, where a solution is a system that offers a coherent set of functionalities to its environment. As such, it concerns those properties of a solution that are necessary and sufficient to meet its essential requirements[5]

A typical property of solution architecture, in contrast to other types of Enterprise Architecture, is that it often seeks to define a solution within the context of a project or initiative.[6] This close association to actual projects and initiatives means that solution architecture is the means to execute or realise a technology strategy.

What is the workplace of a Solution Architect like?

The workplace of a solution architect can vary depending on the organization they work for and the nature of the projects they are involved in. Solution architects may work in various settings, including corporate offices, IT consulting firms, and software development companies. They may also work remotely or travel to client sites as needed.

Solution architects typically work in collaboration with other IT professionals, such as project managers, developers, engineers, and analysts. They may also work closely with business stakeholders, such as executives, department managers, and end-users. As such, solution architects may spend a significant portion of their time in meetings, discussions, and brainstorming sessions, both with their colleagues and with external stakeholders.

Solution architects may also spend time researching and evaluating new technologies, tools, and methodologies. They may read industry publications, attend conferences and webinars, and participate in online communities to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and best practices. Additionally, solution architects may be responsible for training and mentoring junior staff members, sharing their knowledge and expertise with others on their team.

Solution architects may work on multiple projects at the same time, which requires effective time management and prioritization skills. They may also be responsible for managing project budgets, timelines, and resources, ensuring that the solutions they design are delivered on time and within budget.

Solution Architects are also known as:Solutions Architect

Get to know everything about what solution architecture is, the differences between solution architecture and enterprise architecture, and the benefits.

Over the past decade, digital trends like cloud computing and service-oriented applications have led to new market opportunities across all industries. However, these changes also come with unique challenges and add complexity to the digital landscape of an organization.

And when new solutions aren’t perfectly tailored to an enterprise, they yield unsatisfying results and create unwanted problems. Thus, the successful launch of digital projects requires a set of guidelines that align business interests with new IT solutions.

And this is where solution architecture (SA) comes into play. It is an architectural description of a specific solution based on predefined processes and best practices. As the initial step for creating new enterprise solutions, it ensures that every solution meets the business requirements and fits into the enterprise architecture as a whole.

From a bird-eye view, solution architects can be seen as the link between enterprise architects and technical architects as they’re trying to find the right IT answer to a specific business riddle.

But what does this process actually look like and how can solution architecture best practices help take your business to the next level?

Solution architecture provides the ground for software development projects by tailoring IT solutions to specific business needs and defining their functional requirements and stages of implementation. It is comprised of many subprocesses that draw guidance from various enterprise architecture viewpoints.

To better understand the role of solution architecture in the context of software development, you first need to think about what a solution is. Even though this might seem quite basic, it illustrates why solution architecture is one of the most important processes when re-designing your IT landscape. At its core, a solution is a way to describe an answer to a problem. In the corporate world, this means evaluating client needs or problems and addressing them with systems that replace or improve the existing system.

In solution architecture, the client needs are expanded to business needs that in one way or another are related to technology. These needs usually crystallize through re-assessing existing systems and finding out how they benefit or harm the organization in the long run. Sometimes, these evaluations are run by business analysts who also provide a definition of the problem. In the next step, solution architects take this problem and start crafting a description of solutions that appropriately address this need.

Thus, solution architecture translates technical business needs into practical IT solutions while establishing rules and instructions for proper implementation and delivery. It also considers all external factors that could have an impact on the development process. This way, digital projects are less likely to fail and there is a consensus between EA teams and development teams. SA can be seen as a support system that provides structure and reduces the scope of complexity when developing and rolling out new systems and applications.

Even though they’re interdependent and ultimately have the same goal – which is creating more value for a business through the proper use of technology – solution architecture and enterprise architecture focus on different tasks and therefore require different skill sets. As the name already suggests, enterprise architecture paints a big picture of the enterprise that includes all business entities and their relationship to technology and applications. EA is particularly concerned with the lifecycle of applications and defining IT strategies.

These strategies are aimed to reduce costs, eliminate redundant applications, technologies, or processes, and are meant to mitigate and manage the impact of a digital makeover. Not surprisingly, developing a target architecture requires an understanding of the entire organization and close collaboration with leaders and stakeholders. Given the holistic view that enterprise architects need to have of a company, their focus on detail is rather limited. That’s why they’re less concerned with the technical side of the IT infrastructure.

Even though enterprise architects sometimes deal with technical questions, they delegate specific tasks to solution architects who then craft appropriate solutions. However, SA is not directly in charge of the execution process but makes sure that technical architects can successfully implement new IT solutions that are in line with all business requirements. In the overall context, both EA and SA have guiding purposes. While enterprise architecture focuses on strategy, solution architecture focuses on detailed planning.

It’s important to understand that enterprise architects and solution architects are not opposed to each other but form a synergy with technical architects. All three are integral elements when it comes to maximizing the value that a company can generate through the use of technology. Although there might be overlaps between EA and SA, they have different functions and depend on each other as solution architects take the abstract strategy developed by enterprise architects and turn it into a solution.

Since the IT world is changing at a dramatic pace, there has been a lack of consensus when it comes to defining the role of a solution architect. Because just like within the field of enterprise architecture, there’s a level of abstraction that might be hard to grasp from a non-technical perspective. It’s dangerous to assume that hiring an enterprise architect who delegates tasks to development teams can cut out the middleman. The solution architect is absolutely necessary to ensure that solutions are implemented correctly.

But what does the role of a solution architect look like in practice and what kind of skills are needed to successfully manage an IT project to completion?

It’s now clear that a solution architect’s main job is to find the best possible answers to technical problems. The process itself is defined by solution architecture best practices. This means that established industry patterns and standards should be used when creating conceptual models. The detailed solutions are then shared with developing teams, often in the form of a solution architecture diagram or a written document.

However, solution architects don’t just hand out instructions and then leave the scene. They work closely with technical architects and manage all the tasks that are needed for the project to succeed. This involves overseeing time schedules, monitoring technological risks, and ensuring that each activity aligns with the business requirements described in the solution. Therefore, the role of a solution architect can be compared to a technical project manager who keeps track of the project throughout all phases.

Ideally, a solution architect should have technical skills and past architecture experience. And the reason is simple. Solution architects are the link between the business strategy and IT operations and therefore need to have an understanding of an organization’s architectural environment as well as real-life technical solutions. In their role, they need to establish credibility with both business leaders and IT experts. That is why good communication with a non-technical and highly technical audience is key.

The previous sections have outlined the importance of solution architecture during digital transformations and how solution architects can drive change by managing the implementation of IT projects. But what are more specific solution architecture benefits that motivate business leaders to hire SA specialists? The most compelling ones are listed below.

Technology value and requirement: Solution architects have a direct impact on the return on investment. They keep up with the newest technology and current market trends and decide which project a company should adopt in order to achieve sustainable growth and team comfort.

Business goal: While curating the perfect solution for a problem, solution architects not only focus on the technology selection but also on the needs of stakeholders. With the help of solution architecture best practices, business goals are translated into a realistic technical vision that can be carried out in a short amount of time.

Target date: While solution architects have extensive IT knowledge and manage development teams, they also work with business teams and customers. This ensures that the overall solution aligns with the business objective and is on track with the launching schedule.

Increased ROI: With solution architecture, a company can measure in actual numbers how successful a project is. This is because solution architects not only think about the best solution in terms of performance but also in terms of cost, so the best possible ROI can be achieved.

Market opportunity: The world of IT is rapidly changing, and new innovations flood the market every year. In order to propose adequate solutions for any given problem, solution architects need to continuously evaluate the latest trends. That way, they can back up and promote new products.

Budget and resourcing: In their architectural description, solution architects provide clear information on the cost of a project and the number of resources needed throughout various stages. This helps businesses to better budget their digital transformations and avoid costly surprises along the way.

Project timeline: Unexpected costs usually arise when a project takes much longer to implement than expected. Since solution architecture determines the effort and the resources that are needed until project completion, it also helps define the project timeline from start to finish.

To get a better idea of what a solution architect does in practice, it’s helpful to look at common solution architecture use cases. Note that, unlike EA-related projects, SA is implemented right away and therefore yields quicker results. Below are six examples that illustrate what solution architecture can achieve in a relatively short time.

In this case, a solution architect maps out a solution to business objectives with the help of a business capability map. These capabilities include items like usability, security, features, and functions of a solution and visualize how it can impact business outcomes.

Information architecture describes how a user interface is structured. To facilitate the use of an e-commerce website, a solution architect can propose a structure that makes the navigation intuitive and user-friendly (e.g., reducing the number of clicks needed to get from A to B).

When introducing a new product or system as part of an IT solution, solution architects make sure that it fits into existing information security practices. How the project complies with each regulation is formally documented at the beginning of a project.

The software as service (SaaS) culture has transformed the digital landscape and often demands a system overhaul. Solution architects use system architecture to design new software entities that automate processes. In their conceptual model, they also determine the placement and behavior of each software component.

Systems consist of single software tools or applications that people use to carry out their work. Solution architects rely on application architecture to create a map of all applications (usually in a layered structure) and how they interact with each other.

With technology architecture, a solution architect details the structural design of the IT infrastructure that is needed to support the proposed solution. It also ensures that all components properly work together. Thanks to cloud infrastructures, this process has become a lot easier.

In every new IT project, solution architecture is a vital link between the IT strategy of a business and the successful implementation of technical solutions. By looking at a specific problem, solution architects conceptualize the best possible solution while taking all functional and non-functional requirements into account.

They formulate clear guidelines that help manage technical teams and outline the development stages of a project from start to finish.

But it’s not only the close collaboration with development teams that defines the role of solution architects. Since they’re translating strategic visions into real-life solutions, they need to have strong relationships with enterprise architects who define the overall IT direction of an enterprise

Learn the differences and overlapping responsibilities between an Enterprise, Solution, and Technical Architect

Whether an organization needs all three types of architects depends on the company size and the complexity of its infrastructure.

Download this poster to learn more about core competencies of IT architecture and how to become a Solution Architect.

What is solution architecture?

Solution architecture is a practice to provide ground for software development projects by tailoring IT solutions to specific business needs and defining their functional requirements and stages of implementation.

It is comprised of many subprocesses that draw guidance from various enterprise architecture viewpoints.

Why do we need solution architecture?

Solution architecture translates technical business needs into practical IT solutions while establishing rules and instructions for proper implementation and delivery.

It also considers all external factors that could have an impact on the development process. This way, digital projects are less likely to fail and there is a consensus between EA teams and development teams.

SA can be seen as a support system that provides structure and reduces the scope of complexity when developing and rolling out new systems and applications.

What is a solution architect?

Solution architect plays a central role in an organization’s efforts to introduce and successfully implement new technology solutions.

A solution architect’s task is to evaluate all business requirements and come up with solutions in the form of products or services. Once they are given a problem, solution architects are not only in charge of finding answers but also of actively leading the technical vision to success.

Solution Architecture | Explained Simple | Understand Easy | Live Examples | Any Clouds
Solution Architecture | Explained Simple | Understand Easy | Live Examples | Any Clouds

What is a Solution Architect?

A solution architect is responsible for designing and implementing solutions to complex business problems. They are typically hired by organizations to provide technical expertise and guidance in the development of software applications, systems, and other IT infrastructure. A solution architect must be knowledgeable in both technical and business aspects, and work closely with stakeholders to understand their requirements and constraints. They are responsible for defining the scope, identifying potential opportunities, and selecting appropriate technologies and platforms to achieve the desired outcomes.

Solution architects are also responsible for identifying and mitigating risks associated with the solution, as well as ensuring that the solution is scalable, secure, and maintainable over time. Solution architects play a critical role in ensuring that technology solutions are aligned with the organization’s strategic objectives and that they contribute to its overall success.

Solutions ArchitectEnterprise ArchitectTechnical Architect

There are three main types of specialists that are in charge of architecture in the IT industry. These roles or specializations determine the focus and scope of an architect’s tasks:

  1. Solutions Architect or Infrastructure Architect
  2. Enterprise Architect
  3. Technical Architect or Software Architect

Let’s look at the differences between these three architect types.

What is an Infrastructure Architect?

Usually, when someone mentions infrastructure architects, they refer to solutions architects with all the responsibilities that were described in the previous section of this article. The name “infrastructure architect” usually highlights the fact that this specialist designs and implements software solutions based on the current infrastructure of the customer’s business.

In many cases, the necessity to fit within the existing infrastructure is a crucial requirement that determines the choices and adds certain restrictions to a project. So, the primary task of an infrastructure architect is to ensure that the software solution will have a certain structure, tech stack, and other features that will enable its seamless integration into the current system.

What is an Enterprise Architect?

An enterprise architect has a much larger scope of work compared to other architect specializations. This specialist develops and proposes strategic technological initiatives to the business’s top executives and explains their benefits. Based on strategic plans, an enterprise architect designs complex enterprise ecosystems. Overall, the work of these specialists is much more business-oriented than the tasks of their solution and technical counterparts.

What is a Technical Architect (Software Architect)?

As the name suggests, a technical architect focuses on engineering aspects of architecture and usually does not make financial or strategic decisions, unlike infrastructure or enterprise architects. These specialists determine how exactly software technologies should be used to meet the customer’s demands. So, if enterprise architects use strategic thinking and decide what needs to be done, then technical architects are tacticians who decide how things should be done.

Here is an image that illustrates the focus areas of three architect types:

4 Types of Solution Architects | SA Job Function Breakdowns
4 Types of Solution Architects | SA Job Function Breakdowns

What is a solution architect?

Solution architecture is the practice of designing, describing, and managing solution engineering to match it with specific business problems. For example, protecting customer data under GDPR and other privacy regulations is a business-level problem. Solution architecture defines how those requirements would translate into the way a given software operates.A solution architect is in charge of leading the practice and introducing the overall technical vision for a particular solution.While the practice can be managed in-house, there are companies that provide solution architecture consulting as a specific set of services.Each of these terms includes multiple aspects that we’ll discuss in the article. If you want to catch all details quickly, check out our video about a solution architect role.

What is a solution architect and how this role is different from a software architect and enterprise architect (and also, subscribe to our channel as we’ll keep on releasing explainer videos)

Solution architecture and its main processes

Well-built solution architecture helps teams develop the product on time and on budget and ensures that it solves the problem it was designed to solve. So, what tasks does solution architecture actually carry out?

Matching solutions with the corporate environment

Usually, companies already have operating systems, an information context, and integration requirements. The solution architecture helps ensure that a new system will fit the existing enterprise environment. To perform this task, a solution architect has to understand how all parts of the business model work together including processes, operating systems, and application architectures. Understanding these aspects, they will be able to design a specific solution that fits the environment best.

Meeting the requirements of all stakeholders

One of the most important challenges of software product development is meeting the stakeholders’ requirements. Usually, a product has a number of stakeholders that are both technical and non-technical specialists. Solution architecture’s aim is to ensure that all their requirements are taken into account. Stakeholders have to be regularly informed about product development processes, costs, and budgeting. These tasks are usually done by a solution architect who translates technical project details into a language that management and non-technical stakeholders can understand.

Accounting for project constraints

Each project has its limitations usually referred to as constraints. These include:

  • technology
  • risks
  • scope
  • cost
  • quality
  • time
  • resources

For instance, a product is built with technologies that must suit the requirements of its particular modules. Project scope is a part of software documentation that defines specific goals, tasks, features, and functions. All projects also have an allocated budget.While these aspects are constraints in themselves, each of them has its own limitations. The solution architect must understand all these constraints, compare them, and then make a number of technological and managerial decisions to reconcile these restrictions with project goals.

Selecting the project technology stack

A vital part of creating solution architecture is the selection of technologies for product development. The technical architecture strategy will directly depend on the chosen technology stack. There are a lot of different practices associated with platforms, programming languages, and tools. The solution architecture function here is to find which of them will be the most suitable for a particular project. It’s not an ordinary task requiring technology assessment and comparison.

Compliance with non-functional requirements

All software projects have to meet a number of non-functional requirements that describe the characteristics of the system. These are also known as quality attributes. While the exact list of non-functional requirements depends on the complexity of each individual product, the most common of them are security, performance, maintainability, scalability, usability, and reliability of a product. The solution architect’s role is to analyze all non-functional requirements and ensure that further product engineering will meet them.Since we’ve discussed high-level goals of solution architecture adoption, let’s break them down into specific responsibilities and underlying skillsets.

How to become a Cloud Solutions Architect?
How to become a Cloud Solutions Architect?

Solutions Architect Certification

One crucial thing that we also want to mention related to the IT solutions architect is their certifications, which are needed to validate their skills and qualifications. The certifications are aimed at assessing the overall knowledge, abilities, and experience of specialists and at proving their proficiency.

There is a wide variety of certification platforms available that offer training, access to plenty of learning materials, tests to practice the knowledge, etc. Nevertheless, the exam can be taken without any previous preparation in case a professional has a deep understanding of the architecture principles along with solid experience in the IT industry.

It’s worth noting that there are different certifications available for IT solutions architects. Here is a brief overview of the most popular ones:

AWS Solution Architect Certification

This certification targets professionals of different levels of seniority who work with AWS technologies while developing apps and systems. The exam lasts 130 minutes and requires a registration fee, depending on the exam type. The minimum experience needed for this test is at least 1 year working in the field. The certificate is valid for 3 years and requires recertification once it expires.

Azure Solutions Architect Certification

This specific exam will be suitable for specialists working with Microsoft Azure and possessing advanced knowledge of Azure infrastructure. The price for the certification varies from one country to another.

Google Cloud Architect Certification

This exam will be suitable not only for solutions architects but also for any experts dealing with Google Cloud technologies. The exam lasts 2 hours and requires a registration fee. According to Google’s recommendation, it’s better to take this exam with at least 3 years of experience. In addition, it’s also crucial to do the recertification every 2 years.

ITIL Certification

It’s a well-recognized set of qualifications that consists of 5 different levels to fit different experiences and seniority levels. This exam will be suitable not only for IT solution architects but also for people who want to obtain managerial positions in the IT field. The costs for this exam, as well as for training, depend on the country.

Các bước để trở thành một Solution Architect

Như đã đề cập, một Solution Architect cần phải có hiểu biết rất rộng về thiết kế hệ thống. Mô hình kiến thức họ áp dụng thường là T-shaped. Nghĩa là có chiều sâu về 1 hoặc vài lĩnh vực nào đó, và có chiều rộng về rất nhiều khía cạnh khác. Điều đó có nghĩa, con đường để trở thành Solution Architect không thể một sớm một chiều mà cần qua quá trình tôi luyện từ một developer bình thường đến một Technical Architect hoặc Application Architect để phát triển về chiều sâu trước.

Sau đó, để phát triển chiều ngang (rộng), có rất nhiều cách, và mình sẽ chia sẻ 1 số nguồn kiến thức để các bạn tham khảo.

Đầu tiên, hãy đọc sách để hiểu được một kiến trúc hoàn chỉnh cần có những thành phần nào cần chú ý khi thiết kế, và các công việc của 1 Solution Architect là gì. Mình khuyên đọc cuốn Solutions Architect’s Handbook được viết bởi Saurabh Shrivastava và Neelanjali Srivastav. Mình đã có 1 series tóm tắt cuốn sách ở đây: SOLUTIONS ARCHITECT SERIES

Tiếp theo là học các khái niệm, concept khi thiết kế một một hệ thống large scale gồm những thành phần gì. Bạn có thể tìm đọc về Software Architecture và System Design nó sẽ giúp bạn có thêm rất nhiều từ vựng trong việc thiết kế hệ thống sau này.

Sau đó hãy tìm đọc thêm các sách hoặc course nói về cách để thiết kế một hệ thống hoàn chỉnh. Ví dụ như: làm sao để thiết kế được ứng dụng chat như Whatsapp, thiết kế 1 sàn giao dịch chứng khoán như thế nào. Điều này sẽ giúp cho bạn có cái hình hands-on hơn từ những concept đã đọc ở phía trên. Có rất nhiều nguồn để tham khảo, chỉ cần Google với keyword: “System design” sẽ cho bạn nhiều kết quả. Mình recommend cuốn System Design Interview của Alex Xu.

Một xu hướng không thể không nhắc đến gần đây đó là Cloud Computing. Nói đến Cloud, chúng ta cũng cần có các vai trò như Cloud Developer, Cloud Architect, Cloud DevOps, Cloud Administrator… Rất nhiều doanh nghiệp đã và đang dịch chuyển lên Cloud. Cloud giúp cho việc hiện thực hóa các yêu cầu về phi chức năng trở nên dễ dàng hơn ví dụ như auto scaling, high availability, auto recovery, … nhưng cũng đặt ra nhiều thách thức hơn về chi phí, bảo mật và quản lý vận hành. Nếu bạn có ý định trở thành một Solution Architect thì hãy đi theo một nền tảng Cloud và trở thành một Cloud Architect. Có rất nhiều khóa học và chứng chỉ để giúp bạn thiết kế giải pháp trên Cloud ví dụ như: Exam AZ-305: Designing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions, AWS Certified Solutions Architect, …

Và cuối cùng, hãy tìm kiếm cơ hội được thử nghiệm và áp dụng kiến thức của mình vào các dự án thực tế.

Chúc bạn may mắn trên con đường trở thành một Solution Architect.

Bài viết gốc được đăng tải tại edwardthienhoang.wordpress.com

Có thể bạn quan tâm:

  • Software Architecture – Tìm hiểu Layers Pattern
  • Mẫu bảng công việc Solution Architect mức lương hấp dẫn
  • 10 điều mọi nhà phát triển ứng dụng Android nên biết về kiến trúc Architecture

Xem thêm Việc làm Developer hấp dẫn trên TopDev

Có nhiều bạn gởi câu hỏi cho chúng tôi thông qua website. Có một câu hỏi rất thú vị: “ Đâu là điểm khác biệt giữa Solution Architect và Software Architect? ”. Và cũng có nhiều doanh nghiệp đang có nhu cầu tuyển dụng vị trí này, chính vì vậy nên các nhà phát triển – developer chọn kiến trúc hệ thống làm hướng đi nghề nghiệp của mình. Chắc hẳn sẽ có nhiều bạn khác muốn đặt câu hỏi tương tự nên chúng tôi xin trả lời thông quan bản tin.

Đây là hai vai trò này thường xuất hiện trong cơ cấu của các doanh nghiệp làm công nghệ lớn. Các doanh nghiệp sẽ có bảng mô tả công việc không giống nhau cho cùng một vị trí, kể cả Solution Architect và Software Architect, ở một góc nhìn tổng thể từ các doanh nghiệp thì cải hai vai trò này có một số điểm khác biệt lớn.

Solution Architect thường tham gia cùng với đội kinh doanh (giai đoạn dự án chưa được hình thành) để nắm được các vấn đề kinh doanh của khách hàng, hoặc các cơ hội kinh doanh và đề xuất các giải pháp thiết kế hệ thống để loại bỏ các ràng buộc trong hoạt động kinh doanh.

Software Architect được hình thành với mục đích biến giải pháp kiến trúc đề xuất từ Solution Architect thành thành sản phẩm kiến trúc thực tiễn.

Cả hai vai trò cùng tham gia sẽ đảm bảo sản phẩm thực tế đến người dùng cuối được chính xác hơn với những gì được mô tả trong giải pháp đề xuất. Và sản phẩm thực tế được thiết kế chi tiết, triển khai với các nhà phát triển, những người có giới hạn về tầm nhìn về giải pháp tổng thể.

Dưới đây là mô tả công việc chung của hai vai trò này.

1) Solution Architect

  • Thường không trực tiếp thiết kế phần mềm, Solution Architect thường tập trung vào làm việc trên tính năng lớn với các giải pháp công nghệ, đề xuất thiết kế.
  • Đưa ra cách tiếp cận toàn diện để hiểu được ràng buộc trong kinh doanh, vấn đề của khách hàng để đưa ra giải pháp tổng thể để giúp khách hàng loại bỏ những ràng buộc đó.
  • Là người sử dụng công nghệ để giải quyết bài toán kinh doanh của khách hàng.
  • Am hiểu về mảng kiến thức nghiệm vụ của khách hàng, các giải pháp công nghệ có trên thị trường, giới hạn của mỗi công nghệ, xu hướng phát triển nền tảng công nghệ, và cả khả năng phát triển giải pháp thành hiện thực bằng phần mềm.
  • Biết được các giới hạn của giải pháp, khả năng mở rộng, khả năng bảo trì trong tương lai.
  • Có trách nhiệm đưa ra độ ưu tiên cho giải pháp cần được triển khai.
  • Tuỳ theo khu vực địa lý khác nhau mà công việc của vai trò này được đảm nhận một phần bởi các vai trò Product Manager hoặc Senior Business Analyst.

Thông thường các Solution Architect có sự đòi hỏi khác nhau tuỳ theo ngành công nghiệp đặc thù. Là một người bạn đáng tin cậy trong giới công nghệ và thấy được niềm vui khi sản phẩm phần mềm thực tế giải quyết triệt để nhu cầu của khách hàng.

Đọc thêm: Tầm quan trọng của tài liệu kiến trúc hệ thống phần mềm

2) Software Architect

  • Là người phải tìm hiểu hết các tính năng được đề xuất trong giải pháp và thiết kế ra kiến trúc phần mềm thực tế.
  • Thực hiện thiết kế kiến trúc hệ thống
  • Đưa ra cách tiếp cận về mặt kỹ thuật để phát triển phẩn mềm giải quyết các tính năng nghiệp vụ, viết các tài liệu kiến trúc tổng quan, coding convention, và hướng dẫn các developer phát triển bản thiết kế chi tiết cho từng chức năng.
  • Chịu trách nhiệm đánh giá các công nghệ, các components, kỹ thuật phát triển, phương thức phát triển, tích hợp hệ thống, và hướng dẫn các developer thực hiện công việc hàng ngày một cách hiệu quả.

Công việc của Software Architect luôn đầy thách thức, và ảnh hưởng nhiều đến năng suất lao động của đội phát triển.

Đọc thêm: Điều gì tạo nên một Software Architect chuyên nghiệp

Solution Architect sẽ tập trung giải quyết câu hỏi “What?” còn Software Archirect sẽ tập trung giải quyết câu trả lời “How?”.

-APEX Learning Content Development Team-

Tags: Software Development, Software Architecture & Design, Software Measurement & Analysis, work smart

Microsoft Learn Career Path

Solutions Architect

You use your technical expertise to integrate and optimize technologies across an organization, tailoring your solutions to meet developer and business needs. Take the training to develop the skills to build your career as a successful solutions architect with Microsoft Learn.

Browse the official collection for solutions architects

Solutions Architect Interview: Defend a Solution to a Customer
Solutions Architect Interview: Defend a Solution to a Customer

Kiến trúc sư giải pháp làm gì?

  • Sau khi bạn đã hiểu về quan trọng của người kiến trúc sư giải pháp thì bạn cần biết solution architect là làm gì. Nói cách khác thì công việc của kiến trúc sư giải pháp là gì? Là một Solution architect thì cần có tầm nhìn rõ ràng cho dự án và hiểu rõ nhu cầu kinh doanh của khách hàng. Kiến trúc sư giải pháp vạch ra các phần sẽ cấu thành giải pháp phần mềm và cách chúng sẽ hoạt động cùng nhau.
  • Một kiến trúc sư giải pháp bắt đầu từ rất sớm trong dự án, đặt ra những gì sắp xảy ra. Nhiệm vụ của họ thường bắt đầu từ việc lựa chọn công nghệ phù hợp cho các vấn đề kinh doanh. Cùng quản lý các mối quan tâm về kiến trúc để đảm bảo các kết quả năng suất và hiệu quả.
  • Kiến trúc sư giải pháp chịu trách nhiệm chuyển đổi tầm nhìn của dự án cho nhóm phát triển và đóng vai trò quan trọng trong toàn bộ vòng đời phát triển hệ thống. Họ cũng tham gia vào các bản cập nhật giải pháp trong tương lai.

What Skills and Experience Should a Solutions Architect Have?

To successfully design, create, and lead the development of a software solution, an architect needs to have a certain skill set. Let’s take a closer look at the most important skills of a solutions architect below.

Superior Communication

Being able to communicate effectively with stakeholders, project managers, developers, and software vendors involved in the software development process is essential for a solutions architect. As an architect has a central role in any project and leads every team on it, ineffective communication can lead to big bottlenecks. So, this specialist should be able to clearly explain, understand everyone’s point of view, listen, advise, and influence.

Project and Resource Management

Although solutions architects are not directly involved in project development, they still need to ensure that project resources are being used efficiently and impactfully. They should be business-minded and capable of identifying the most effective solution at every turn for every part of the architecture. It is their responsibility to focus on business goals, including hiring new people, and understand how to achieve them in the set timeframe and within the given budget.

In-Depth Analysis

Software architecture and systems integrated into it are numerous details that work together. An architect needs to be very attentive to those details, as overlooking something may hinder the development process, lead to breakdowns, or make the software solution inefficient. They also should be able to understand the technical specifications of many different software solutions and hardware and perform analysis of different business layers. Architects are also responsible for the project context from the very beginning to the current moment. They need to remember all the details of the projects and ideas to validate and approve them on time.

Risk Identification and Management

An architect must be capable of analyzing and identifying potential short and long-term risks that may cause technical issues and impede business operations in the future.

Technical Skills

Expectedly, the role of a solutions architect requires technical education and hands-on experience across all major areas of the software development process, as well as hardware engineering expertise (for software projects that rely on hardware).

Thus, a solutions architect should have at least 6 to 8 years of experience in the following areas:

  • Business analysis
  • IT infrastructure
  • Software architecture design
  • Cloud development
  • DevOps
Become a Solutions Architect in 1 month!
Become a Solutions Architect in 1 month!

A solutions architect creates the overall technical vision for a specific solution to a business problem.

A solutions architect creates the overall technical vision for a specific solution to a business problem. They design, describe, and manage the solution. In many ways, this person builds the bridge between a business problem and the technology solution and outlines each of the phases and requirements required to make that solution work.

A good solutions architect looks at the existing environment and analyzes what technologies are available and what software product must be developed to provide the best solution for the problem that needs to be solved. From there, the solutions architect creates an overall strategic technical vision—not unlike an architect designing a blueprint for a building. They develop a budget for producing a software product based on that vision.

After the stakeholders have agreed on the project, the solutions architect is responsible for monitoring the process and keeping stakeholders updated and informed on the progress. Most of the time, the project involves both technical and non-technical stakeholders, and the solutions architect must make sure that each party’s needs are considered and factored into the project’s scope.

Depending on the company you work for and the project you’re working on, your day-to-day tasks as a solutions architect might include:

Providing recommendations and roadmaps for proposed solutions

Performing design, debug, and performance analysis on solutions

Documenting and sharing best practice knowledge for new solutions

Advocating for process improvements and helping develop solutions

Regularly communicating new features and benefits to partners, customers, and other stakeholders

Providing technical leadership to a team throughout the project lifecycle

Developing proof-of-concept projects to validate your proposed solutions

Reviewing and validating solutions designs from other team members

Although a solutions architect is not a project manager, this position requires excellent project management skills to ensure that the project stays on time, on budget, and is effective in solving the problem it was developed to solve. It also requires clear communication skills and the ability to translate technical details of the project into simple language that will be easy for non-technical stakeholders to understand. Successful solutions architects are usually curious, rational, analytical, and methodical—all of which are important traits for this job.

The solution architect role also requires being able to project into the future and consider upcoming uses. A solutions architect must view the long-term use of this product and implement scalability and adaptability into the solution for the future.

If you are creative, analytical, outgoing, pragmatic, and can explain problems and solutions on both a technical and non-technical level, you could have a future as a solutions architect.

The average annual base pay for a solutions architect in the US is $197,854, although it ranges from about $99,000 to $172,000, according to Glassdoor [1]. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment opportunities for computer network architects are expected to grow 4 percent from 2021 to 2031 [2]. As companies expand their information technology networks, the demand for solutions architects will likely increase.

There is no single path to becoming a solutions architect. Although some of the most common degrees solutions architects hold are bachelor’s degrees in information technology, computer science, or software information. According to Zippia, 66 percent of solutions architects have a bachelor’s degree, and 24 percent have a master’s [3]. A candidate with an MBA in information systems may also be a good fit for a role as a solutions architect.

Most solutions architects have spent at least a few years in software development. This gives them a strong understanding of the tools and technologies involved in designing solutions. Five to 10 years of hands-on experience in network administration or information technology systems is common, but it varies based on what a specific company is looking for.

Read more: How to Become a Software Developer | 9 Tips

Looking for a way to build your skills and expertise as a solutions architect and add to your existing resume? Consider a course in software architecture to better familiarize yourself with the most common solution architectures. Or consider a specialization such as IBM’s for DevOps, Cloud, and Agile Foundations to learn some of the most popular concepts and methodologies for managing the development process.

Glassdoor. “Salary: Solution Architect, https://www.glassdoor.com/Salaries/solution-architect-salary-SRCH_KO0,18.htm.” Accessed October 24, 2022.

US Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Computer Network Architects, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/computer-network-architects.htm.” Accessed October 24, 2022.

Zippia. “Solutions Architect Education Requirements, https://www.zippia.com/solutions-architect-jobs/education/.” Accessed November 1, 2022.

Editorial Team

Coursera’s editorial team is comprised of highly experienced professional editors, writers, and fact…

This content has been made available for informational purposes only. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals.

We live in an era of rapidly evolving technological advancements. Nowadays, it’s impossible to imagine a successful business without a solid software foundation. Therefore, more and more organizations and companies all over the world are facing the ultimate need to go digital and adopt innovations and high-end software to multiply their efforts and keep growing.

However, it goes without saying that a comprehensive digital transformation also requires specific skills and professional expertise to ensure the business needs are aligned with the technological solutions envisaged. Therefore, this expert is integral to making it all happen.

To clarify this topic, it is necessary to define solution architecture. In the context of software development, an architecture represents both the structure of the future software product and the plan of building it in order to meet client’s requirements and solve their specific problem. This definition may seem vague and generic, but only because customers’ problems are different, so they demand different solutions, usually with a unique approach.

The concept of a solution architecture is rather complex and includes many aspects required to create a custom software solution with a specific purpose. That’s why there are several subtypes of architecture that handle various functional and non-functional requirements and aspects. For example, they include business, information, security, system, technology, and so on.

In this article, we will explain in-depth what a solutions architect’s role is, what the required skills and responsibilities are, their average salary, as well as why having a solutions architect is critical for organizations and projects.

What is a Solutions Architect?

Before we dive into the topic, let’s clarify who is a solutions architect in general.

An architect is one of the most significant and client-facing roles in the IT industry. Its importance is nonetheless often overlooked or even completely ignored by companies at both ends.

For a software solution to work effectively, scale, and meet the set business needs, it must have a well-thought-out solution architecture that accounts for numerous technical and customer nuances. Put simply, the long-term success of any IT project relies on the input from a solution design architect, who needs to have:

  • Wide-ranging technical expertise
  • Business analysis skills
  • Project management skills, etc.

Having a clear vision for the project and a clear understanding of the client’s business needs, a solutions architect maps out the parts that will constitute the software solution and how they are going to work together.

These specialists start very early in the project, laying out what is to come. Their tasks usually begin with choosing the right technology for the business problem(s) and managing architectural concerns to ensure more productive and effective outcomes.

An architect is responsible for translating the vision for the project to the development team and plays a pivotal part throughout the entire systems development lifecycle. They are also involved in future updates to the solution.

One of the main reasons why a company should employ this expert is to successfully design and develop new technology solutions that align with its business needs, as well as fill in the communication gap between technical and non-technical experts involved in an IT project.

As the process is always heavy on the budget and highly risky, every company should have an architect to implement new solutions and scale them successfully. This specialist can be introduced to a company’s enterprise structure through software architecture consulting services.

Vai trò của kiến trúc sư giải pháp

  • Kiến trúc sư giải pháp chịu trách nhiệm tạo ra một kiến trúc toàn diện cho một giải pháp phần mềm. Đưa ra định hướng chiến lược trong suốt quá trình phát triển. Người này cần đảm bảo rằng giải pháp mới phù hợp với kiến trúc doanh nghiệp hiện có. Từ khía cạnh kỹ thuật, kinh doanh, người dùng và các khía cạnh khác.
  • Họ hợp tác với tất cả các nhóm tham gia vào quá trình phát triển và cần biết mọi sản phẩm dịch vụ hoạt động như thế nào trong kiến trúc. Một kiến trúc sư giải pháp cần có các kiến thức để giám sát việc phân phối thành công sản phẩm cuối cùng chất lượng cho người dùng cuối.
Cloud Engineer vs Cloud Architect - Which One Should You Learn?
Cloud Engineer vs Cloud Architect – Which One Should You Learn?

Key Processes in Solution Architecture

In terms of software solutions, architecture involves multiple processes performed either simultaneously or in stages. These processes are mainly correlated with the duties of solutions architects described above in this article. Let’s quickly recap the most important of them:

  1. Analysis. It is vital to define and understand business requirements, existing infrastructure, and the overall purpose of the future solution.
  2. Evaluation. An architect evaluates the feasibility of applicable software technologies and determines the most appropriate choice.
  3. Design. Being the essential task of an architect, designing a solution architecture involves creating the outline of the future solution and mapping the steps for its building and integration.
  4. Supervision. This process partially doubles or complements the similar task of a project manager and ensures that the development team follows the design and business requirements.
  5. Documenting. The architect’s design must be properly documented so that the development team can follow it. Detailed technical documentation is invaluable during the development process and after the product’s release, as it benefits both developers and customers.

Educational Requirements for a Solution Architect

The journey to becoming a Solution Architect often begins with a strong educational foundation in computer science or related fields. While a myriad of educational paths can lead to this top executive role, here are some common degrees that aspiring Solution Architects often pursue:

  1. Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Computer Science: This provides a comprehensive understanding of programming principles, data structures, and algorithmic techniques.
  2. Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Information Systems: Emphasizes the nuances of managing information technology in a business context, laying the groundwork for understanding a company’s tech health.
  3. Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Software Engineering: Offers insights into software development, maintenance, and testing which can influence solution design.
  4. Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Business Administration (MBA): Provides a broad understanding of business operations, including technology, marketing, and management.
  5. Certifications: Apart from degrees, certifications like AWS Certified Solution Architect or Certified Data Management Professional can bolster a Solution Architect’s credentials and expertise.

While these educational qualifications are commonly associated with the Solution Architect role, it’s essential to understand that real-world experience, leadership capabilities, and strategic insight also play crucial roles in reaching this top position.

Ridhi Khosla Jalan's Design Diary | Home Tour with reD Architects Ekta Parekh | Episode 3 #interiors
Ridhi Khosla Jalan’s Design Diary | Home Tour with reD Architects Ekta Parekh | Episode 3 #interiors

Further reading[edit]

  • Banerjee, Jaidip, and Sohel Aziz. “SOA: the missing link between enterprise architecture and solution architecture.” SETLabs briefing 5.2 (2007): 69-80.
  • Chen, Graham, and Qinzheng Kong. “Integrated management solution architecture.” Network Operations and Management Symposium, 2000. NOMS 2000. 2000 IEEE/IFIP. IEEE, 2000.
  • Gulledge, Thomas, et al. “Solution architecture alignment for logistics portfolio management.” International Journal of Services and Standards 1.4 (2005): 401-413.
  • Shan, Tony Chao, and Winnie W. Hua. “Solution architecture for n-tier applications.” Services Computing, 2006. SCC’06. IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2006.
  • Slot, Raymond, Guido Dedene, and Rik Maes. “Business value of solution architecture.” Advances in Enterprise Engineering II. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009. 84-108.

Solution architect certification

Certifications are intended to validate the skills and expertise of solution architects. They assess their knowledge, abilities, and experience. So, having one or more credentials proves the expert’s proficiency in specific skills.Most of the certification platforms, besides the exam itself, offer training courses, learning materials, and practice tests. Other resources can also be helpful to prepare and practice such as Udemy, Coursera, or MeasureUp. However, the exam can be taken without previous preparation — all that is required is deep knowledge of the architecture concepts and principles and a vast hands-on experience in the industry.There are a lot of IT architect certifications available, with most of them being vendor-specific, i.e., focused on mastering a specific technology. Here’s a brief overview of the most popular ones.

AWS solution architect certification

The AWS Certified Solutions Architect program offers certifications at associate and professional levels, depending on your experience. Both of them target architects that work with AWS technologies to build and deploy applications and systems.The AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate exam takes 130 minutes and costs $150. Amazon recommends candidates have at least 1 year of hands-on experience before taking the test. Here’s a list of the main content domains of this exam:

List of the main content domains and their weightings, source: Exam Guide

The AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional exam is for senior architects with 2 or more years of experience and an associate credential. It takes 180 minutes to complete, and it’s priced at $300. Here’s a content outline:

List of the main content domains and their weightings, source: Exam Guide

AWS certifications are valid for 3 years after which the credential holders have to go through recertification to prove their continued expertise and knowledge of the latest AWS technologies and best practices.

Azure solution architect certification

Microsoft has a variety of credentials for solution architects, the most well-known being the Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert. This one is for candidates that specialize in solutions that run on Microsoft Azure and have advanced knowledge of Azure infrastructure.The Azure Solutions Architect Expert certification can be obtained after taking an exam: AZ-305: Designing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions. The price is based on the country in which the exam is proctored ($165 for the United States).Here’s an overview of the skills measured by these tests. In a nutshell, AZ-305 is focused on technical tasks, such as:

  • implement and monitor an Azure infrastructure,
  • implement management and security solutions,
  • implement solutions for apps, and
  • implement and manage data platforms.

The content of AZ-305 is assessing such skills as:

  • design monitoring,
  • design identity and security,
  • design data storage,
  • design business continuity, and
  • design infrastructure.

ITIL certification

ITIL is the industry-recognized set of qualifications that includes 5 levels. The highest credential is the ITIL Master for those professionals who work in IT service management and have extensive experience with ITIL practices. It’s not exactly a role-based certification specifically for solution architects, but since ITIL is a popular management framework, the person that mastered its principles would be a valuable asset in any managerial position.The description states that to be certified, you must be able to “explain and justify how you have personally selected and applied a range of knowledge, principles, methods and techniques from the ITIL Framework and supporting management techniques, to achieve desired business outcomes in one or more practical assignments.” So, there is no training course or fixed syllabus for this exam since every candidate will be tested within their own unique range of experience.The ITIL Expert certificate is a prerequisite for gaining this credential. The candidate is also required to have over 5 years of experience in leadership, managerial, or high-level advisory roles. Once these conditions are fulfilled, the hopeful will have to register with PeopleCert (the approved Axelos Examination Institute), fill out the application, and present their CV. Next, the proposal for a business improvement has to be submitted together with the work package that shows the candidate’s practical skills in applying the ITIL principles in real-world business cases. After that, the applicants will have to successfully pass an interview with an assessment panel where they will be questioned on their experience.The cost of both the exam and the training courses vary by location.

Google cloud architect certification

Google also offers a number of role-based certifications. Professional Cloud Architect is the one for experts who use Google Cloud technologies in their solutions. Again, it’s not only for solution architects but for any professional dealing with Google cloud architecture.The exam is 2 hours long with a registration fee of $200. Google recommends at least 3 years of experience before one attempts to take the test. It’s also important to remember that it requires recertification every two years. The exam guide (as well as learning materials and sample questions) is available and lists 6 aspects of the exam:

  1. Designing and planning a cloud solution architecture;
  2. Managing and provisioning a solution infrastructure;
  3. Designing for security and compliance;
  4. Analyzing and optimizing technology and business processes;
  5. Managing implementation; and
  6. Ensuring solution and operations reliability.
Real-Time Solution Architect Interview Question | FAANG & Key Cloud Service Providers
Real-Time Solution Architect Interview Question | FAANG & Key Cloud Service Providers

Why Choose a Career as a Solution Architect?

A career as a Solution Architect is the pinnacle of technical leadership. It’s a fusion of strategic thinking, technical prowess, and leadership. As the technological sentinel of an organization, an SA is tasked with balancing business objectives with sound technical solutions.

The position of Solution Architect holds significant prestige, is accompanied by an attractive compensation package, and offers the opportunity to influence the technological trajectory of a company. Moreover, a Solution Architect gets to work closely with other C-level executives, shaping the overall direction of a business.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Open Group. Architecture Framework TOGAF™ Version 9.2 Definitions page https://pubs.opengroup.org/architecture/togaf91-doc/arch/chap03.html
  2. ^ https://www.glassdoor.com/Job-Descriptions/Solution-Architect.htm and https://www.glassdoor.com/Job/solution-architect-jobs-SRCH_KO0,18.htm, The job related site Glassdoor, August 2020
  3. ^ “Safe Agile on Solution Architect role”. Scaled Agile Framework. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  4. ^ Gartner, “IT Glossary,” at gatner.com, 2013. Accessed 8 March 2015.
  5. ^ Danny Greefhorst & Erik Proper, Architecture Principles: The Cornerstones of Enterprise Architecture, 2011. p. 25
  6. ^ “What is Solution Architecture? | Orbus Software”. www.orbussoftware.com. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  7. ^ Forrester Research, Inc., (2012), Solution Architecture Toolkit: Overview
  8. ^ FEAPO, “A Common Perspective on Enterprise Architecture” in: Architecture and Governance Magazine, 2013(11).
  9. ^ Mistrík Ivan, Antony Tang, Rami Bahsoon, Judith A. Stafford. (2013), Aligning Enterprise, System, and Software Architectures. Business Science Reference.
Enterprise Architecture Vs. Solution Architecture
Enterprise Architecture Vs. Solution Architecture

Enterprise architect vs solution architect vs technical architect

Solution architecture is a complex process – with many sub-processes – that bridges the gap between business problems and technology solutions. Its goals are to:

  • Find the best tech solution to solve existing business problems.
  • Describe the structure, characteristics, behavior, and other aspects of the software to project stakeholders.
  • Define features, development phases, and solution requirements.
  • Provide specifications according to which the solution is defined, managed, and delivered.

However, there are two more architect-level positions that are often confused: the enterprise architect and the software architect. Let’s clarify the main differences.

Solution architecture in the context of the enterprise and technical architecture

What is an enterprise architect?

Enterprise architecture, which we covered in a dedicated article, focuses on building complex enterprise ecosystems and solves high-level strategic issues. Enterprise architecture defines the strategic directions of the business architecture, which then leads to an understanding of what technology facilities are needed to support that architecture. So, in other words, the enterprise architect defines what has to be done, while the solution architect then decides how to do it.The enterprise architect has the broadest view of the company’s current state of architecture and goals. It is this expert who is responsible for creating a strategic plan for implementing technical changes. This person works closely with top-level executives and decision-makers as he or she demonstrates to them the business value of suggested technical initiatives.

What is a software or technical architect?

Software or technical architect is mainly in charge of engineering problems and software architecture. We have a detailed article describing the role of a software architect and the importance of this position to the company’s success.Unlike the solution architect, the software architect typically doesn’t deal with financial and organizational issues. This person focuses on all the aspects related to software engineering on a particular project, i.e., development, implementation, maintenance, support, and evolution. Software architects closely collaborate with development teams and control the entire development process. So, continuing the previous example, the software architect determines what exactly has to be done and how the result can be maintained.

What is an infrastructure architect?

An infrastructure architect is much like a technical architect but with a focus on a corporate on-premises server or cloud systems employed by an organization. This means that an infrastructure specialist helps grow and maintain the production side of a corporate software ecosystem, rather than software development itself. These specialists oversee the existing IT systems and networks, and explore and integrate new ones, making sure that they meet all requirements in regard to resilience, security, performance, availability, etc.Ultimately, technical architects define how the software must be engineered, while infrastructure architects make sure that this software is successfully deployed and operates well. And yet, a technical architect may be responsible for infrastructure as well. So, the lines between these two roles are blurred.Solution architecture describes how different components of business, information, and technology architectures are used in a particular solution. As solution architecture is more focused on details and solution technologies to address a specific business problem, it provides a channel between enterprise architecture and technical architecture. The latter is focused only on technical issues. An effective approach for companies is combining enterprise architecture activities with solution and technical architecture activities.

When Do You Need Solution Architecture Consulting?

When it comes to building from scratch, changing, or upgrading your software solution – the earlier, the better.

  • At the ideation stage. A solution architect plays a vital role in creating and implementing software architectures that both meet the client’s business requirements and make software or the entire infrastructure function at its top capacity and efficiency. For this reason, an architect should be engaged in the project right from the very beginning, before the designing and development processes even begin. This specialist analyzes and estimates the initial requirements, evaluates the technical aspect of the future project, makes the specifications clear, communicates with stakeholders, and more to make sure the client receives the most efficient solution.
  • When creating an MVP or PoC to present to your investors. A solution architect suggests the most efficient set of tools and technologies that would fit the budget. Also, this specialist will help to translate the complicated technical language into the one that is clear and understandable to the investors who operate in business, i.e., into the “money” language.
  • When starting the development process. In addition to designing the architecture, a solutions architect needs to make sure the entire development team fully understands the requirements and their tasks. Moreover, as the most crucial team member, an architect needs to do everything in their expertise and power to lead the product-building process and make it as smooth as possible. The position of an architect is highly demanding and requires an extensive set of knowledge and expertise in multiple IT-related fields. Such specialists will be in even bigger demand in the future because of continuously emerging new technologies and industry trends.

Here at Intellectsoft, we have delivered over 600 digital solutions of different types and complexity to businesses, from startups to Fortune 500 enterprises like Mitsubishi, Harley Davidson, Melco, Intel, and many others. We have 15+ years of experience in providing business solutions for multiple industries like fintech, healthcare, construction, logistics, eCommerce, and others. Over these years, we have gathered a top-skilled team of prominent experts, including software architects.

Our software development services include web and mobile solutions development, product engineering, UI/UX design, as well as QA and testing. Additionally, we offer comprehensive IT consulting and outstaffing services like dedicated teams.

If you want to learn more about the solutions we have already delivered, we welcome you to check our top client cases and see the level of our expertise in various industries, including yours.

Don’t hesitate to get in touch with us to get the top-quality, effective, and cost-efficient solution from our solution architects and other software development professionals working here at Intellectsoft.

Full Lộ Trình học AWS Solution Architect Associate 8 Tuần
Full Lộ Trình học AWS Solution Architect Associate 8 Tuần

What is a solutions architect?

Solutions architects are a customer-facing role, owning the overall technical relationship and strategy between the customer and organization. They lead architectural design sessions, develop proof of concepts/pilots, implement projects, and deliver ongoing refinement and enhancement. Responsibilities for this role include advising stakeholders and translating business requirements into designs for secure, scalable, and reliable solutions.

Steps to Become a Solution Architect

Becoming a Solution Architect requires a blend of education, hands-on experience, and strategic thinking. Here are the expanded steps to guide an aspiring SA on their journey:

  1. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree: Start with a degree in Computer Science, Information Systems, or a related field. This will provide the foundational knowledge necessary for any tech professional.
  2. Gain Practical Experience: Start in roles such as a software developer or systems analyst. These positions offer insights into the technological operations of businesses and pave the way for advancement.
  3. Pursue Advanced Certifications: Obtaining certifications like AWS Certified Solution Architect or Certified Data Management Professional can bolster your expertise and credibility in the field.
  4. Seek an Advanced Degree: Many Solution Architects hold an MS or other advanced degrees that give them a broader understanding of business strategy and operations.
  5. Build a Network: Engage with industry peers, join tech associations, or attend conferences. Networking can open doors to mentorship opportunities and executive positions.
  6. Specialize in a Sector or Industry: Developing expertise in a specific industry, like tech, healthcare, or finance, can set you apart and align you with Solution Architect roles in those sectors.
  7. Transition to Strategic Roles: Positions like IT Manager or Systems Architect demand a strategic outlook, aligning technology with business objectives and preparing you for the top technological role.
  8. Seek Mentoring: Engage with current or former Solution Architects. Their guidance, advice, and insights can be invaluable as you navigate the challenges and intricacies of the journey to Solution Architect.

Remember, every professional’s journey is unique. While these steps provide a blueprint, personal growth, perseverance, and adaptability play equally crucial roles in reaching the Solution Architect position.

Proven Study Method to Pass Any IT Certification
Proven Study Method to Pass Any IT Certification

Solution architect skillset and background

If you have already realized the importance of solution architecture in your projects, the next step is to source and hire the person for the role. We’ve considered the core skills that a good solution architect must possess.

Solution architect role breakdown

Technical background and experience

To provide management and engineering teams with technical advice, a solution architect must have a technical background with at least eight years of work experience in one or more IT areas including but not limited to:

  • IT architecture, infrastructure, and cloud development
  • Engineering and software architecture design
  • Business analysis
  • DevOps
  • Project and product management

Excellent communication skills

A vital part of the solution architect’s competence is communication. Considering that this role entails negotiating with stakeholders, understanding the needs of all parties, managing risks, and product delivery, the lack of communication skills can create a real bottleneck. The position requires working closely with enterprise and software architects, business analysts, and project teams. So, an experienced solution architect should be able to listen, advise, empathize, and explain.

Deep analytical skills

Designing a solution requires understanding how different parts of the business work together. The architect must recognize the corporate strategy and realize all business processes that define how a company achieves its strategic goals. But the architect must also understand tech specifics. As a result, solution architects constantly deal with analytical work and move between various business layers.

Project and resource management skills

While a solution architect doesn’t directly get involved in project management, accounting for deadlines and given resources is inevitable. Solution architects must be able to make decisions about which solutions are advantageous and which are worthless in a given situation. They must be focused on business results and understand how to achieve them according to the given timeframes and resources.Besides that, it’s important that solution architects consider the project from a long-term perspective and understand that the solution might need to scale and adapt to possible changes in the future. So, being the one who knows the ultimate target, they guide the development process accordingly.

Solutions Architect Role and Responsibilities

A solutions architect is responsible for creating a comprehensive architecture for a software solution and providing strategic direction throughout the development process.

This person needs to ensure that the new solution fits into the existing enterprise architecture from technical, business, user, and other perspectives.

They cooperate with all the teams involved in the development process and need to know how every product and service works in solution architecture. These professionals need all their knowledge to oversee the successful delivery of a quality end product to its end users.

As the job title implies, this specialist primarily focuses on solution-level decisions and evaluation of their impact on a client’s overarching business objectives and outcomes.

In most cases, a solutions architect’s responsibilities revolve around ensuring that the software solutions align with a client company’s resources, risk identification, and planning. Here are some of the main responsibilities of a solutions architect:

  • Creates and leads the process of integrating IT systems for them to meet an organization’s requirements.
  • Conducts a system architecture evaluation and collaborates with project management and IT development teams to improve the architecture.
  • Evaluates project constraints to find alternatives, alleviate risks, and perform process re-engineering if required.
  • Updates stakeholders on the status of product development processes and budgets.
  • Notifies stakeholders about any issues connected to the architecture.
  • Fixes technical issues as they arise.
  • Analyzes the business impact that certain technical choices may have on a client’s business processes.
  • Supervises and guides development teams.
  • Continuously researches emerging technologies and proposes changes to the existing architecture.
Solution Architecture Essentials
Solution Architecture Essentials

Kỹ năng của kiến trúc sư giải pháp

Để thiết kế, tạo và dẫn dắt thành công sự phát triển của một giải pháp phần mềm, một kiến trúc sư giải pháp cần phải có một bộ kỹ năng nhất định. Hãy cùng xem xét kỹ hơn các kỹ năng quan trọng nhất của một kiến trúc sư giải pháp dưới đây:

Giao tiếp

  • Khả năng giao tiếp hiệu quả tuyệt vời với các bên liên quan, người quản lý dự án, nhà phát triển và cung cấp phần mềm tham gia vào quá trình phát triển phần mềm là điều cần thiết đối với một kiến trúc sư giải pháp.
  • Vì kiến trúc sư có vai trò trung tâm trong bất kỳ dự án nào và dẫn dắt mọi nhóm trên đó, giao tiếp không hiệu quả có thể dẫn đến tắc nghẽn lớn. Vì vậy mỗi kiến trúc sư giải pháp phải có khả năng giải thích rõ ràng, hiểu quan điểm của mọi người, lắng nghe, tư vấn và tạo ảnh hưởng.

Quản lý dự án và nguồn lực

Mặc dù kiến trúc sư giải pháp không trực tiếp tham gia phát triển dự án, họ vẫn cần đảm bảo rằng các nguồn lực của dự án được sử dụng một cách có hiệu quả và có tác động.

Họ phải là những người có đầu óc kinh doanh, có khả năng xác định giải pháp hiệu quả nhất ở mọi góc độ, cho mọi phần của kiến trúc. Họ có trách nhiệm tập trung vào các mục tiêu kinh doanh, bao gồm cả việc thuê người mới. Đồng thời hiểu được cách đạt được chúng trong khung thời gian đã định và trong phạm vị ngân sách nhất định.

Phân tích chuyên sâu

  • Kiến trúc phần mềm và hệ thống được tích hợp vào đó là rất nhiều chi tiết hoạt động cùng nhau. Một kiến trúc sư giải pháp cần phải rất chú ý đến những chi tiết đó. Vì việc bỏ sót một thứ gì đó có thể cản trở quá trình phát triển, dẫn đến sự cố hoặc làm cho giải pháp phần mềm không hiệu quả.
  • Họ cũng phải hiểu các thông số kỹ thuật của nhiều giải pháp phần mềm và phần cứng khác nhau và thực hiện phân tích các lớp nghiệp vụ khác nhau. Kiến trúc sư giải pháp cũng chịu trách nhiệm về bối cảnh dự án từ khi bắt đầu cho đến thời điểm hiện tại. Người đó cần phải nhớ tất cả các chi tiết của các dự án và ý tưởng để xác nhận và phê duyệt chúng đúng thời hạn.

Nhận dạng và quản lý rủi ro

Một kiến trúc sư giải pháp cần có khả năng phân tích và xác định các rủi ro tiềm ẩn trong ngắn hạn và dài hạn. Để có phương án phòng ngừa các vấn đề kỹ thuật cản trở hoạt động kinh doanh trong tương lai.

Kỹ năng công nghệ

Dự kiến, vai trò của một kiến trúc sư giải pháp yêu cầu giáo dục kỹ thuật và kinh nghiệm thực hành trên tất cả các lĩnh vực chính của quá trình phát triển phần mềm. Cũng như kiến thức chuyên môn về kỹ thuật phần cứng ( đối với các dự án phần mềm dựa trên phần cứng). Một kiến trúc sư giải pháp cần có ít nhất 6 đến 8 năm kinh nghiệm trong các lĩnh vực sau:

  • Phân tích kinh doanh.
  • Cơ sở hạ tầng CNTT.
  • Thiết kế kiến trúc phần mềm.
  • Phát triển đám mây.
  • DevOps

Solution architect role description and responsibilities

The solution architect’s job focuses on solution-level decisions and analysis of their impact on the overall business goals and outcomes. Just like the architect in the construction industry creating a general blueprint of a future building, a person in this position must have a profound knowledge of available technologies to suggest the best solution according to the incoming requirements and existing environment. So, we can say that the product of a solution architect’s job is the set of technological solutions and the strategy of their implementation.After developing a strategic technical vision of the product, the solution architect is involved in estimating the budget and presenting it to the stakeholders. Once everything is agreed upon, he or she monitors the process of development and keeps stakeholders informed about the progress.A solution architect’s responsibilities directly derive from processes in practice:

  • Analyzing the technology environment
  • Analyzing enterprise specifics
  • Analyzing and documenting requirements
  • Setting the collaboration framework
  • Creating a solution prototype
  • Participating in technology selection
  • Controlling solution development
  • Supporting project management

While most of these responsibilities require a leadership role from a solution architect, this person just supports PM activities to ensure that resources, risk recognition, and planning stay aligned with the solution goals.

Top 10 Cloud Architect Secret Skills - 2023 - Mastering the Art of Cloud Architecture
Top 10 Cloud Architect Secret Skills – 2023 – Mastering the Art of Cloud Architecture

More articles on Solution Architecture

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  • How do you communicate with others in solution design?

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Solution architecture

Solution architecture is a term used in information technology with various definitions, such as “a description of a discrete and focused business operation or activity and how IS/IT supports that operation”.[1]

Coverage[edit]

According to Forrester Research, solution architecture is one of the key components by which Enterprise Architecture delivers value to the organization. It entails artifacts such as a solution business context, a solution vision and requirements, solution options (e.g. through RFIs, RFPs or prototype development) and an agreed optimal solution with build and implementation plans (“road-map”).[7]

Since The Open Group does not recognize a unique Solution Architect role, a relevant link for these mentioned artifacts can be to the Business and Systems Analyst roles. It is also worth noting that The Open Group’s definition of solution architecture is broader than Forrester’s (see aforementioned definition).

According to a 2013 paper published by the Federation of Enterprise Architecture Professional Organizations, solution architecture includes business architecture, information architecture, application architecture, and technology architecture operating at a tactical level and focusing on the scope and span of a selected business problem. In contrast, enterprise architecture, which also includes the aforementioned four types of architecture, operates at the strategic level and its scope and span is the enterprise rather than a specific business problem.[8][9]

How Difficult Is AWS Solutions Architect Professional SAP-C02
How Difficult Is AWS Solutions Architect Professional SAP-C02

Những chứng chỉ quan trọng của Solution architect

  • Là một Solution architect, bạn cần có chứng nhận về các kỹ năng hoặc công nghệ liên quan đến ngành nghề, lĩnh vực. Tùy thuộc vào vai trò mà những kiến thức, kỹ năng bạn cần sẽ có sự khác biệt. Dù vậy bạn phải tham gia các khóa học và đạt được chứng chỉ kỹ năng cá nhân cần thiết để phục vụ cho công việc.
  • Bao gồm các chứng chỉ về: Java, AWS Certified Solutions Architect, Azure hoặc Apache Kafka. Ngoài ra các kiến trúc sư CNTT cần có thêm các chứng chỉ: The Open Group Certified Architect (Open CA), Google Professional Cloud Architect

Essential Skills for a Solution Architect

A Solution Architect needs a variety of skills to design the technological vision of an organization.

  1. Expertise in Cloud Computing: Essential for designing scalable and efficient solutions.
  2. Understanding of Security Principles: Vital to ensure the company operates within secure technological frameworks.
  3. Leadership Skills: Necessary for guiding teams and influencing corporate strategy.
  4. Strategic Vision: Enables the Solution Architect to anticipate challenges and steer the company towards growth.
The Life of a Solution Architect
The Life of a Solution Architect

Different Solution Architect Career Tracks

The role of a Solution Architect has evolved, and now it’s not just about technology and solutions. Depending on the organization’s size, industry, and goals, the Solution Architect role can have various nuances. Here are some specialized career tracks within the SA domain:

  1. Operational Solution Architect: This SA is deeply involved in the day-to-day operations of the company, ensuring technical solutions are streamlined and supporting functional heads in achieving operational efficiency.
  2. Strategic Solution Architect: Their main focus is on long-term tech planning, growth strategies, tech mergers and acquisitions, and digital transformation. They’re visionaries, plotting the company’s future tech landscape.
  3. Risk Management Solution Architect: This track emphasizes identifying, assessing, and planning for any technical risks to the company. In sectors like banking or insurance, this role is especially critical.
  4. Transformational Solution Architect: They focus on change management and oversee the technical aspects of business transformations, whether it’s adopting new technologies, restructuring, or pivoting to new business models.
  5. Startup Solution Architect: In the dynamic world of startups, this SA not only manages tech but often plays roles in operations, fundraising, and sometimes even marketing, adapting to the startup’s rapid growth and evolving needs.
  6. Compliance-focused Solution Architect: Especially relevant in highly-regulated industries, this SA ensures that the company’s technical practices adhere to local, national, and international regulations and standards.

These diverse tracks showcase how the Solution Architect role is no longer one-dimensional. As the business world evolves, so does the role of the Solution Architect, offering multiple paths of specialization and expertise.

Sự khác biệt giữa Solution Architect và Software Architect

Solution architect Software architect
Tập trung trả lời cho câu hỏi “What?” Tập trung trả lời cho câu hỏi “How?”
Không trực tiếp thiết kế phần mềm mà tập trung vào làm việc trên tính năng lớn với các giải pháp công nghệ và đề xuất thiết kế. Thực hiện thiết kế kiến trúc hệ thống.

Là người sử dụng công nghệ để giải quyết bài toán kinh doanh của khách hàng.

Am hiểu về mảng kiến thức nhiệm vụ của khách hàng, các giải pháp công nghệ có trên thị trường. Cùng giới hạn của mỗi công nghệ, xu hướng phát triển nền tảng công nghệ và khả năng phát triển giải pháp thành hiện thực bằng phần mềm.

Biết được các giới hạn của giới hạn của giải pháp, khả năng mở rộng cùng bảo trì trong tương lai.

Là người tìm hiểu hết các tính năng được đề xuất trong giải pháp và thiết kế ra kiến trúc phần mềm thực tế.
Đưa ra cách tiếp cận toàn diện để hiểu được ràng buộc trong kinh doanh và vấn đề của khách hàng. Để đưa ra giải pháp tổng thể giúp loại bỏ các ràng buộc. Đưa ra cách tiếp cận về mặt kỹ thuật để phát triển phần mềm giải quyết các tính năng nghiệp vụ. Viết các tài liệu kiến trúc tổng quan, convention. Cùng hướng dẫn các developer phát triển bản thiết kế chi tiết cho từng chức năng.
Có trách nhiệm đưa ra độ ưu tiên cho các giải pháp cần được triển khai. Chịu trách nhiệm đánh giá các công nghệ, components, kỹ thuật phát triển, phương thức phát triển, tích hợp hệ thống. Đồng thời hướng dẫn các developer triển khai công việc hàng ngày một cách hiệu quả.

Công việc ở vai trò này được đảm nhận một phần bởi Product Manager hoặc Senior Business Analyst dựa theo khu vực địa lý.

Tùy theo ngành công nghiệp đặc thù mà Solution Architect có sự đòi hỏi riêng. Kết quả thể hiện ở việc sản phẩm phần mềm thực tế giải quyết triệt để nhu cầu của khách hàng.

Công việc của Software Architect luôn đầy thách thức và ảnh hưởng đến năng suất lao động của nhóm phát triển.

Qua những thông tin chi tiết đã chia sẻ ở trên thì bạn đọc hiểu rõ hơn về Solution architect là gì. Nếu có bất cứ vấn đề gì thắc mắc thì bạn hãy để lại bình luận phía dưới nhé!

In a rapidly changing technology environment, organizations face the need to transform their processes and systems to meet emerging business requirements. This digital transformation demands specific expertise and a set of practices to align business focus with technology solutions.Solution architecture belongs to the list of most important practices executed before any tech solution development begins. In this article, we’ll discuss what solution architecture is, describe the role of a solution architect, and explain how the adoption of this expertise can help solve business problems.

AWS Cloud Architect vs Solutions Architect - which one is right for you?
AWS Cloud Architect vs Solutions Architect – which one is right for you?

Trách nhiệm của kiến trúc sư giải pháp

Như tên gọi, một kiến trúc sư giải pháp chủ yếu tập trung vào các quyết định cấp giải pháp và đánh giá tác động của chúng đối với các mục tiêu kinh doanh tổng thể của khách hàng và kết quả của họ.

Trong hầu hết các trường hợp, trách nhiệm của kiến trúc sư giải pháp xoay quanh việc đảm bảo rằng các giải pháp phần mềm phù hợp với các nguồn lực, xác định rủi ro và lập kế hoạch của công ty khách hàng. Đây là một số trách nhiệm chính của kiến trúc sư giải pháp:

  • Tạo và dẫn dắt quá trình tích hợp các hệ thống CNTT để chúng đáp ứng các yêu cầu của tổ chức.
  • Tiến hành đánh giá kiến trúc hệ thống và cộng tác với các nhóm quản lý dự án.
  • Đánh giá các ràng buộc của dự án để tìm ra các giải pháp thay thế, giảm thiểu rủi ro và thực hiện tái thiết kế quy trình nếu được yêu cầu.
  • Cập nhật cho các bên liên quan về trạng thái của quy trình phát triển sản phẩm và ngân sách.
  • Thông báo cho các bên liên quan về bất kỳ vấn đề nào liên quan đến kiến trúc.
  • Khắc phục các sự cố kỹ thuật khi chúng phát sinh.
  • Phân tích tác động kinh doanh mà các lựa chọn kỹ thuật nhất định có thể có đối với quy trình kinh doanh của khách hàng.
  • Giám sát và hướng dẫn các nhóm phát triển.
  • Liên tục nghiên cứu các công nghệ mới nổi và đề xuất những thay đổi với kiến trúc hiện có.

The Details

Solution Architect Salary Range

In May 2021, the average salary for a solution architect was $120,520 (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)).

Solution Architect Job Outlook

According to the BLS, the expected job growth between 2021 and 2031 is 4% for solution architects.

Job Titles Related to Solution Architect

  • Security architect
  • Enterprise architect
  • Technical architect

Will your next move be solution architect?Check out the CompTIA Career Roadmap to see how to get there.

Sự thành công của một dự án công nghệ phụ thuộc vào mục tiêu cùng cùng kiến trúc xây dựng. Nghề Solution Architect ra đời với mục tiêu đáp ứng việc xây dựng kiến trúc giải pháp ngay cả khi dự án chưa triển khai. Vậy Solution Architect là gì? Tầm quan trọng và những kỹ năng cần có? Tất cả sẽ được Testerpro.vn giải đáp trong bài viết dưới đây.

Role of Solution Architect in Software Development, Compared with Enterprise and Software Architects
Role of Solution Architect in Software Development, Compared with Enterprise and Software Architects

Keywords searched by users: what is a solution architect

Role And Responsibilities Of Solution Architect | Radixweb
Role And Responsibilities Of Solution Architect | Radixweb
Eztek Blog - Who Is A Solution Architect?
Eztek Blog – Who Is A Solution Architect?
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Differences Between Enterprise Architects, Solution Architects And Technical Architects
Ericsson | Solution Architect | Job Description, Skills & Salary | Fe
Ericsson | Solution Architect | Job Description, Skills & Salary | Fe
Solution Architecture - The Definitive Guide | Leanix
Solution Architecture – The Definitive Guide | Leanix
Solution Architecture - Youtube
Solution Architecture – Youtube
Role And Responsibilities Of Solution Architect | Radixweb
Role And Responsibilities Of Solution Architect | Radixweb

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