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Amazon Fsx For Windows | Administration And Management

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

FSx for Windows File Server resources: file systems, backups, and file shares

The primary resources in Amazon FSx are file systems and backups. A file system is where you store and access your files and folders. A file system is made up of one or more Windows file servers and storage volumes. When you create a file system, you specify an amount of storage capacity (in GiB), SSD IOPS, and throughput capacity (in MB/s). You can modify these properties as your needs change after you create the file system. For more information, see Managing storage capacity, Managing SSD IOPS, and Managing throughput capacity.

FSx for Windows File Server backups are file-system-consistent, highly durable, and incremental. To ensure file system consistency, Amazon FSx uses the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) in Microsoft Windows. Automatic daily backups are turned on by default when you create a file system, and you can also take additional manual backups at any time. For more information, see Working with backups.

A Windows file share is a specific folder (and its subfolders) within your file system
that you make accessible to your compute instances with SMB. Your file system already
comes with a default Windows file share called

\share

. You can
create and manage as many other Windows file shares as you want by using the Shared
Folders graphical user interface (GUI) tool on Windows. For more information, see Using Microsoft Windows file shares.

File shares are accessed using either the file system’s DNS name or DNS aliases that you associate with the file system. For more information, see Managing DNS aliases.

Accessing file shares

Amazon FSx is accessible from compute instances with the SMB protocol (supporting versions 2.0 to 3.1.1). You can access your shares from all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2008 and Windows 7, and also from current versions of Linux. You can map your Amazon FSx file shares on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances, and on WorkSpaces instances, Amazon AppStream 2.0 instances, and VMware Cloud on AWS VMs.

You can access your file shares from on-premises compute instances using AWS Direct Connect or AWS VPN. In addition to accessing file shares that are in the same VPC, AWS account, and AWS Region as the file system, you can also access your shares on compute instances that are in a different Amazon VPC, account, or Region. You do so using VPC peering or transit gateways. For more information, see Supported access methods.

Chống trùng lặp dữ liệu

Amazon FSx cũng có thể chống trùng lặp và nén dữ liệu của bạn. Mức tiết kiệm thường thấy như sau:

Nội dung Mức tiết kiệm dung lượng lưu trữ thường thấy
Tài liệu văn phòng, ảnh, nhạc và video 30-50%
Mã nhị phân phần mềm, tệp bản dựng và ký hiệu chương trình 70-80%
Các nội dung chia sẻ tệp đa dụng (kết hợp các mục trên) 50-60%
Amazon FSx for Windows File Server
Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

Định giá

  • Triển khai một vùng sẵn sàng
  • Triển khai nhiều vùng sẵn sàng
  • Truyền dữ liệu
  • Triển khai một vùng sẵn sàng
  • Triển khai nhiều vùng sẵn sàng
  • Truyền dữ liệu
  • Nếu bạn truy cập dữ liệu của mình từ môi trường tại chỗ bằng AWS VPN và AWS Direct Connect, phí truyền dữ liệu tiêu chuẩn của các dịch vụ đó sẽ được áp dụng.

    Truyền dữ liệu trong cùng Khu vực AWS

    Bạn sẽ không bị tính phí truyền dữ liệu khi truy cập một hệ thống tệp Amazon FSx từ Vùng sẵn sàng được ưu tiên của hệ thống tệp.

    Nếu bạn truy cập dữ liệu của mình trong cùng Khu vực, nhưng từ một Vùng sẵn sàng khác với Vùng sẵn sàng được ưu tiên của hệ thống tệp:

    • Với các hệ thống tệp nhiều vùng sẵn sàng được tạo vào hoặc sau ngày 23 tháng 2 năm 2022, bạn sẽ không bị tính phí truyền dữ liệu.
    • Với các hệ thống tệp nhiều vùng sẵn sàng được tạo trước ngày 23 tháng 2 năm 2022 hoặc với các hệ thống tệp một vùng sẵn sàng, bạn sẽ bị tính phí 0,01 USD/GB trong mỗi lộ trình.

    Xin lưu ý rằng, với tất cả các hệ thống tệp nhiều vùng sẵn sàng, chi phí truyền dữ liệu phát sinh để sao chép dữ liệu trên các vùng sẵn sàng được bao gồm trong giá công suất thông lượng.

    Định giá truyền dữ liệu liên Khu vực

*Giả sử mức tiết kiệm thông thường là 50% đối với các nội dung chia sẻ tệp đa dụng

Availability and durability

FSx for Windows File Server offers file systems with two levels of availability and durability. Single-AZ files ensure high availability within a single Availability Zone (AZ) by automatically detecting and addressing component failures. In addition, Multi-AZ file systems provide high availability and failover support across multiple Availability Zones by provisioning and maintaining a standby file server in a separate Availability Zone within an AWS Region. To learn more about Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file system deployments, see Availability and durability: Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file systems.

Microsoft SQL high availability with Amazon FSx for Windows
Microsoft SQL high availability with Amazon FSx for Windows

How to get started

Getting started documentation

Learn how to get started using FSx for Windows File Server with step-by-step documentation.

Explore FSx for Windows File Server Pricing

No upfront costs or licensing fees.

Connect with an expert

From development to enterprise-level programs, get the right support at the right time.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server makes it easy for you to launch and scale reliable, performant, and secure shared file storage for your applications and end users. With Amazon FSx, you can launch highly durable and available file systems that can span multiple availability zones (AZs) and can be accessed from up to thousands of compute instances using the industry-standard Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. It provides a rich set of administrative and security features, and integrates with Microsoft Active Directory (AD). To serve a wide spectrum of workloads, Amazon FSx provides high levels of file system throughput and IOPS and consistent sub-millisecond latencies.

Built on Windows Server

Amazon FSx is built on Windows Server, providing a rich set of administrative features that include end-user file restore, user quotas, and Access Control Lists (ACLs). With Windows Server’s native support for the SMB protocol, Windows-based applications have access to fully-compatible shared file storage. And since SMB file shares can also be accessed from Linux and MacOS, any application or user can access the storage regardless of operating system. To control user access, Amazon FSx integrates with your on-premises Microsoft Active Directory as well as with AWS Microsoft Managed AD.

Broadly accessible

By supporting the SMB protocol, Amazon FSx can connect your file system to Amazon EC2, Amazon ECS, VMware Cloud on AWS, Amazon WorkSpaces, and Amazon AppStream 2.0 instances. Amazon FSx supports all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2008 and Windows 7, and current versions of Linux and MacOS. Amazon FSx also supports on-premises access via AWS Direct Connect or AWS VPN, and access from multiple VPCs, accounts, and regions using VPC Peering or AWS Transit Gateway. Amazon FSx File Gateway provides efficient, low-latency on-premises access with a local cache for frequently accessed file data.

Fully managed

Because Amazon FSx is a fully managed service, it makes it simple to launch and scale reliable, performant, and secure shared file storage in the cloud. In minutes, you can easily create Amazon FSx file systems that span multiple AZs by using the AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, or AWS SDK. Amazon FSx sets up and provisions file servers and storage volumes, replicates data, manages failover and failback, and eliminates much of the need for administrative overhead. Amazon FSx also takes care of Windows Server software updates.

Simple and seamless migration with AWS DataSync

You can easily move your self-managed file systems to fully managed Windows storage on Amazon FSx in minutes with AWS DataSync. Integration with AWS DataSync automates and accelerates copying data over the internet or AWS Direct Connect, and copies your files together with file attributes and metadata.

Security and data protection

Amazon FSx provides multiple levels of security and compliance to help ensure that your data is protected. It automatically encrypts data at rest (for both file systems and backups) using keys that you manage in AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS). Data in transit is also automatically encrypted using SMB Kerberos session keys. It has been assessed to comply with ISO, PCI-DSS, and SOC certifications, and is HIPAA eligible.

Amazon FSx provides access control at the file and folder level with Windows access control lists (ACLs). It provides access control at the file system level using Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) security groups. In addition, it provides access control at the API level using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) access policies. Users accessing file systems are authenticated with Microsoft Active Directory. Amazon FSx integrates with AWS CloudTrail to monitor and log your API calls letting you see actions taken by users on your Amazon FSx resources.

Additionally, it protects your data by taking highly durable backups of your file system automatically on a daily basis and allows you to take additional backups at any point. For more information, see Security in Amazon FSx.

Launch Fully Managed Windows Cloud File Storage in Minutes
Launch Fully Managed Windows Cloud File Storage in Minutes

FSx for Windows Benefits

Built on Windows Server

Amazon FSx for Windows offers a comprehensive set of features, including user quotas, access control lists (ACLs) and end-user file restore. The service integrates with on-premises AWS Microsoft Managed AD and Microsoft Active Directory (AD).

The service employs the SMB protocol to natively provide Windows-based applications with access to fully-compatible shared file storage. These SMB file shares are not restricted to Windows and can be accessed from MacOS and Linux, ensuring that any user or application can access storage resources regardless of their operating system.

Lowest-Cost SMB File Storage in the Cloud

Amazon FSx for Windows offers durable and highly available file storage from as little as $0.013 per GB-month. You can use data deduplication features to remove redundant data and further optimize costs. You can also scale throughput capacity and increase your file system storage. This can help you easily respond to changing business needs. Additionally, the service does not have any licensing fees or upfront costs.

Related content: read our guide to Amazon FSx pricing

Fast and Flexible Performance

Amazon FSx for Windows provides the throughput, consistent sub-millisecond latency and IOPS per file system needed for Windows workloads. The service provides several storage options, including SSD and HDD, as well as customizable throughput.

Additionally, the service lets you use DFS Namespaces for massive scalability:

  • Throughput up to 10s of GBs per second
  • Millions of I/O operations per second (IOPS)
  • Petabyte-scale data

Broadly Accessible

Amazon FSx for Windows employs the SMB protocol, letting you integrate smoothly with Amazon AppStream, Amazon EC2, Amazon WorkSpaces, VMware Cloud on AWS, Amazon ECS, and other Amazon services.

FSx for Windows supports all versions of Windows (from Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008). It enables access to FSx for Windows file systems from local data centers via AWS VPN or Direct Connect, and fast access from multiple Amazon regions, accounts, or VPCs using AWS Transit Gateway.

Amazon FSx for Windows Architecture and Performance

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server provides an efficient performance model, achieved through the architecture of the service. Client compute instances may exist on-premises or in the AWS cloud. Regardless of their location, instances can access the file system through an elastic network interface (ENI).

The ENI resides in an AWS VPC, which you need to associate with the file system. The Windows file server is located behind the file system ENI. The file server is responsible for serving data over your network to any client accessing your file system.

To enhance performance, Amazon FSx for Windows offers a fast in-memory cache placed on the file server. This is typically used for frequently-accessed data. The disks or storage volumes that host your file system data are located behind the file server.

The following diagram illustrates the architecture components.

Image Source: AWS

In addition to the above architectural components, there are several ways to improve performance when using the FSx for Windows service:

  • Improving network performance between FSx for Windows clients and the file server, for example by setting up a dedicated network connection between on-premises clients and AWS.
  • Adapting working sets to cache size, either by ensuring that the number of files transferred at any given time is smaller than the size of the available in-memory cache or increasing the size of the cache.
  • Improving disk performance by using faster storage and enabling higher throughput between the file server and storage volumes.
Amazon FSX | Amazon FSX for Windows | AWS FSX Tutorial | Intellipaat
Amazon FSX | Amazon FSX for Windows | AWS FSX Tutorial | Intellipaat

Quotas specific to Microsoft Windows

For more information, see NTFS

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

Bộ nhớ tệp được quản lý hoàn toàn, xây dựng dựa trên Windows Server

Cung cấp kho lưu trữ có độ sẵn sàng cao, hiệu năng cao cho các ứng dụng Windows nhờ khả năng hỗ trợ SMB toàn diện.

Giảm chi phí lưu trữ thêm tối đa 60% nhờ tính năng chống trùng lặp và nén dữ liệu.

Củng cố quá trình bảo vệ dữ liệu nhờ tính năng mã hóa, kiểm tra quyền truy cập tệp và sao lưu tự động.

Tăng cường hiệu suất của ứng dụng nhờ độ trễ chưa đến một mili giây và thông lượng cao.

Data protection

To help ensure that your data is protected, Amazon FSx automatically takes highly durable, file-system consistent daily backups to S3. Amazon FSx uses the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) to make your backups file system-consistent. You can take additional backups of your file system at any point.

To enable end-users to easily undo changes and compare file versions, Amazon FSx supports restoring individual files and folders to previous versions using Windows shadow copies.

To meet enterprise compliance and data protection requirements, Amazon FSx is integrated with AWS Backup allowing you to create scheduled, policy-driven backup plans for your Amazon FSx file systems.

To provide additional layers of data protection and meet business continuity, disaster recovery, and compliance requirements, you can copy your Amazon FSx file system backups across AWS Regions, AWS accounts, or both.

Amazon FSx - Fully managed file storage built on Windows Server
Amazon FSx – Fully managed file storage built on Windows Server

Price and performance flexibility

FSx for Windows File Server gives you the price and performance flexibility by offering both solid state drive (SSD) and hard disk drive (HDD) storage types. HDD storage is designed for a broad spectrum of workloads, including home directories, user and departmental shares, and content management systems. SSD storage is designed for the highest-performance and most latency-sensitive workloads, including databases, media processing workloads, and data analytics applications.

With FSx for Windows File Server, you can provision file system storage, SSD IOPS, and throughput independently to achieve the right mix of cost and performance. You can modify your file system’s storage, SSD IOPS, and throughput capacities to meet changing workload needs, so that you pay only for what you need. For more information, see Optimizing costs with Amazon FSx.

Security and data protection

Amazon FSx provides multiple levels of security and compliance to help ensure that your data is protected. It automatically encrypts data at rest (for both file systems and backups) using keys that you manage in AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS). Data in transit is also automatically encrypted using SMB Kerberos session keys. It has been assessed to comply with ISO, PCI-DSS, and SOC certifications, and is HIPAA eligible.

Amazon FSx provides access control at the file and folder level with Windows access control lists (ACLs). It provides access control at the file system level using Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) security groups. In addition, it provides access control at the API level using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) access policies. Users accessing file systems are authenticated with Microsoft Active Directory. Amazon FSx integrates with AWS CloudTrail to monitor and log your API calls letting you see actions taken by users on your Amazon FSx resources.

Additionally, it protects your data by taking highly durable backups of your file system automatically on a daily basis and allows you to take additional backups at any point. For more information, see Security in Amazon FSx.

How to Access Amazon FSx for Windows File Server from a Linux Client
How to Access Amazon FSx for Windows File Server from a Linux Client

Availability and durability

To ensure high availability and durability, Amazon FSx automatically replicates your data within an Availability Zone (AZ) it resides in (which you specify during creation) to protect it from component failure, continuously monitors for hardware failures, and automatically replaces infrastructure components in the event of a failure. Amazon FSx offers single AZ and multi-AZ deployment options for your Windows file-based workloads.

Amazon FSx offers a multiple availability (AZ) deployment option, designed to provide continuous availability to data, even in the event that an AZ is unavailable. Multi-AZ file systems include an active and standby file server in separate AZs, and any changes written to disk in your file system are synchronously replicated across AZs to the standby. During planned maintenance, or in the event of a failure of the active file server or its AZ, Amazon FSx automatically fails over to the standby so you can resume file system operations without a loss of availability to your data.

High Availability (HA) Microsoft SQL Server is typically deployed across multiple database nodes in a Windows Server Failover Cluster (WSFC), with each node having access to shared file storage. With support for Continously Available (CA) file shares, Amazon FSx enables you to provide highly-available shared file storage for these clusters.

Tài nguyên định giá khác

Dễ dàng tính phí hằng tháng của bạn với AWS.

Liên hệ với các chuyên gia AWS để được báo giá riêng.

Tìm hiểu thêm về Amazon FSx for Windows File Server.

Nhận ngay quyền sử dụng Bậc miễn phí của AWS.

Bắt đầu xây dựng với Amazon FSx trong Bảng điều khiển quản lý AWS.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server makes it easy for you to launch and scale reliable, performant, and secure shared file storage for your applications and end users. With Amazon FSx, you can launch highly durable and available file systems that can span multiple availability zones (AZs) and can be accessed from up to thousands of compute instances using the industry-standard Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. It provides a rich set of administrative and security features, and integrates with Microsoft Active Directory (AD). To serve a wide spectrum of workloads, Amazon FSx provides high levels of file system throughput and IOPS and consistent sub-millisecond latencies.

Built on Windows Server

Amazon FSx is built on Windows Server, providing a rich set of administrative features that include end-user file restore, user quotas, and Access Control Lists (ACLs). With Windows Server’s native support for the SMB protocol, Windows-based applications have access to fully-compatible shared file storage. And since SMB file shares can also be accessed from Linux and MacOS, any application or user can access the storage regardless of operating system. To control user access, Amazon FSx integrates with your on-premises Microsoft Active Directory as well as with AWS Microsoft Managed AD.

Broadly accessible

By supporting the SMB protocol, Amazon FSx can connect your file system to Amazon EC2, Amazon ECS, VMware Cloud on AWS, Amazon WorkSpaces, and Amazon AppStream 2.0 instances. Amazon FSx supports all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2008 and Windows 7, and current versions of Linux and MacOS. Amazon FSx also supports on-premises access via AWS Direct Connect or AWS VPN, and access from multiple VPCs, accounts, and regions using VPC Peering or AWS Transit Gateway. Amazon FSx File Gateway provides efficient, low-latency on-premises access with a local cache for frequently accessed file data.

Fully managed

Because Amazon FSx is a fully managed service, it makes it simple to launch and scale reliable, performant, and secure shared file storage in the cloud. In minutes, you can easily create Amazon FSx file systems that span multiple AZs by using the AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, or AWS SDK. Amazon FSx sets up and provisions file servers and storage volumes, replicates data, manages failover and failback, and eliminates much of the need for administrative overhead. Amazon FSx also takes care of Windows Server software updates.

Simple and seamless migration with AWS DataSync

You can easily move your self-managed file systems to fully managed Windows storage on Amazon FSx in minutes with AWS DataSync. Integration with AWS DataSync automates and accelerates copying data over the internet or AWS Direct Connect, and copies your files together with file attributes and metadata.

Amazon FSx
Amazon FSx

Are you a first-time user of Amazon FSx?

If you are a first-time user of Amazon FSx, we recommend that you read the following sections in order:

  1. If you’re ready to create your first Amazon FSx file system, try the Getting started with Amazon FSx.

  2. For information about performance, see FSx for Windows File Server performance.

  3. For Amazon FSx security details, see Security in Amazon FSx.

  4. For information about the Amazon FSx API, see Amazon FSx API Reference.

Supported clients, access methods, and environments for Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

You can access your Amazon FSx file systems using a variety of supported clients and methods from both AWS and on-premises environments.

Are you a first-time user of Amazon FSx?

If you are a first-time user of Amazon FSx, we recommend that you read the following sections in order:

  1. If you’re ready to create your first Amazon FSx file system, try the Getting started with Amazon FSx.

  2. For information about performance, see FSx for Windows File Server performance.

  3. For Amazon FSx security details, see Security in Amazon FSx.

  4. For information about the Amazon FSx API, see Amazon FSx API Reference.

Công cụ tính giá AWS

Tính toán chi phí kiến trúc và Amazon FSx for Windows File Server của bạn chỉ với một ước tính duy nhất.

Tạo ước tính tùy chỉnh của bạn ngay bây giờ »

Với Amazon FSx for Windows File Server, bạn chỉ trả phí cho tài nguyên mà bạn sử dụng và không áp dụng mức phí tối thiểu hay phí thiết lập. Mặc dù giá được tính theo tháng, mức sử dụng của bạn sẽ được tính theo giờ và bạn bị tính phí cho mức sử dụng trung bình trong tháng của mình. Bạn trả tiền cho dung lượng lưu trữ và thông lượng mà bạn chỉ định cho hệ thống tệp, cũng như cho mọi bản sao lưu của hệ thống tệp. Bạn cũng trả tiền cho dữ liệu được truyền “vào” và “ra” khỏi Amazon FSx trên các Vùng sẵn sàng (AZ) hoặc kết nối ngang hàng VPC trong cùng một Khu vực AWS và cho dữ liệu được truyền “ra” khỏi Amazon FSx đến các Khu vực AWS khác.

Dung lượng lưu trữ: Mức giá của dung lượng lưu trữ tùy thuộc vào loại triển khai (một hay nhiều vùng sẵn sàng) và loại thiết bị lưu trữ (SSD hoặc HDD) mà bạn chọn cho hệ thống tệp của mình.

Bạn trả tiền cho dung lượng lưu trữ trung bình được cung cấp cho các hệ thống tệp mỗi tháng, tính bằng gigabyte-tháng “GB-Tháng”, như được thể hiện trong ví dụ về định giá.

SSD IOPS: Theo mặc định, mỗi GB dung lượng lưu trữ SSD bao gồm 3 IOPS. Bạn có thể tùy ý cung cấp thêm IOPS và trả tiền cho IOPS trung bình đã cung cấp vượt quá mức phí bao gồm trong tháng, tính bằng “IOPS-Tháng”.

Công suất thông lượng: Mức giá của công suất thông lượng tùy thuộc vào loại triển khai (một hay nhiều vùng sẵn sàng) mà bạn chọn cho hệ thống tệp của mình.

Bạn trả tiền cho công suất thông lượng trung bình mà bạn đã cung cấp cho các hệ thống tệp của mình mỗi tháng, tính bằng “MBps-tháng”. Đối với các hệ thống tệp trên nhiều vùng sẵn sàng, chi phí truyền dữ liệu giữa các Vùng sẵn sàng để sao chép dữ liệu được bao gồm trong giá công suất thông lượng.

Sao lưu: Các bản sao lưu – cả tự động và do người dùng tạo – sẽ làm phát sinh phí lưu trữ sao lưu. Bản sao lưu mang tính tăng dần, có nghĩa là chỉ những thay đổi sau lần sao lưu gần nhất mới được lưu lại, nhờ vậy, bạn tiết kiệm được chi phí lưu trữ do không bị trùng lặp dữ liệu. Bạn trả tiền cho dung lượng lưu trữ sao lưu trung bình mỗi tháng, tính bằng “GB-tháng”.

Truyền dữ liệu: Dữ liệu được truyền “vào” và “ra” khỏi Amazon FSx trên các Vùng sẵn sàng hoặc kết nối ngang hàng VPC trong cùng một Khu vực được tính theo mức phí cho việc truyền dữ liệu trong cùng một Khu vực. Xin lưu ý rằng chi phí truyền dữ liệu phát sinh để sao chép dữ liệu trên các Vùng sẵn sàng cho hệ thống tệp trên nhiều Vùng sẵn sàng được bao gồm trong giá công suất thông lượng.

Dữ liệu được truyền “ra” khỏi Amazon FSx đến một Khu vực khác (bao gồm việc sao chép bản sao lưu trên các Khu vực) được tính theo mức phí liên khu vực cho hoạt động truyền dữ liệu liên Khu vực cụ thể.

Using continuously available shares on Amazon FSx for Windows File Server
Using continuously available shares on Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

Cost-effectiveness

Amazon FSx provides two types of storage – Hard Disk Drives (HDD) and Solid State Drives (SSD) – enabling you to optimize cost and performance to meet your workload needs. HDD storage is designed for a broad spectrum of workloads, including home directories, user and departmental shares, and content management systems. SSD storage is designed for the highest-performance and most latency-sensitive workloads, including databases, media processing workloads, and data analytics applications.

You pay only for the resources you use, with no minimum commitments, licensing costs, or up-front fees. You are billed hourly for your Amazon FSx file systems, based on your configured storage capacity (priced per GB-month), your level of SSD IOPS above the default 3 IOPS that are included for every GB of SSD storage (per IOPS-mo), and your throughput capacity (priced per MBps-month). You are billed hourly for your backup storage (priced per GB-month). For more details, see the Amazon FSx pricing page.

You can enable data deduplication and compression to automatically reduce costs associated with redundant data by storing duplicated portions of your dataset only once. Typical savings average 50-60% for general purpose file shares, 30-50% savings for user documents, and 70-80% savings for software development data sets.

Amazon FSx offers user quotas to monitor and control user-level storage consumption on your file systems for use cases such as cost allocation across teams and limiting storage consumption on a user-level.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server offers multiple throughput capacity levels that you can choose from, allowing you to cost-optimize for the performance your workloads require. You can also optionally provision higher levels of IOPS as needed, independently from the storage and throughput capacity of your file system, allowing you to pay only for the IOPS you need.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server has simple pricing, you pay for the resources you use.

Instantly get access to the AWS Free Tier.

Get started building with FSx for Windows File Server in the AWS Console.

Step 1: Create your file system

To create your Amazon FSx file system, you must create your Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance and the AWS Directory Service directory. If you don’t have that set up already, see Walkthrough 1: Prerequisites for getting started.

To create your first file system
  1. Open the Amazon FSx console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/fsx/

  2. On the dashboard, choose Create file system to start the file system creation wizard.

  3. On the Select file system type page, choose FSx for Windows File Server, and then choose Next. The Create file system page appears.

  4. In the File system details section, provide a name for your file system. It’s easier to find and manage your file systems when you name them. You can use a maximum of 256 Unicode letters, white space, and numbers, plus the special characters + – = . _ : /

    The following image shows all of the configuration options available in the File system details section.

  5. For Deployment type choose Multi-AZ or Single-AZ.

    • Choose Multi-AZ to deploy a file system that is tolerant to Availability Zone unavailability. This option supports SSD and HDD storage.

    • Choose Single-AZ to deploy a file system that is deployed in a single Availability Zone. Single-AZ 2 is the latest generation of single Availability Zone file systems, and it supports SSD and HDD storage.

    For more information, see Availability and durability: Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file systems.

  6. For Storage type, you can choose either SSD or HDD.

    FSx for Windows File Server offers solid state drive (SSD) and hard disk drive (HDD) storage types. SSD storage is designed for the highest-performance and most latency-sensitive workloads, including databases, media processing workloads, and data analytics applications. HDD storage is designed for a broad spectrum of workloads, including home directories, user and departmental file shares, and content management systems. For more information, see Optimizing costs using storage types.

  7. For Provisioned SSD IOPS, you can choose either Automatic or User-provisioned mode.

    If you choose Automatic mode, FSx for Windows File Server automatically scales your SSD IOPS to maintain 3 SSD IOPS per GiB of storage capacity. If you choose User-provisioned mode, enter any whole number in the range of 96–400,000. Scaling SSD IOPS above 80,000 is available in US East (N. Virginia), US West (Oregon), US East (Ohio), Europe (Ireland), Asia Pacific (Tokyo), and Asia Pacific (Singapore). For more information, see Managing SSD IOPS.

  8. For Storage capacity, enter the storage capacity of your file system, in GiB. If you’re using SSD storage, enter any whole number in the range of 32–65,536. If you’re using HDD storage, enter any whole number in the range of 2,000–65,536. You can increase the amount of storage capacity as needed at any time after you create the file system. For more information, see Managing storage capacity.

  9. Keep Throughput capacity at its default setting. Throughput capacity is the sustained speed at which the file server that hosts your file system can serve data. The Recommended throughput capacity setting is based on the amount of storage capacity you choose. If you need more than the recommended throughput capacity, choose Specify throughput capacity, and then choose a value. For more information, see FSx for Windows File Server performance.

    Note

    If you are going to enable file access auditing, you must choose a throughput capacity of 32 MB/s or greater. For more information, see File access auditing.

    You can modify the throughput capacity as needed at any time after you create the file system. For more information, see Managing throughput capacity.

  10. In the Network & security section, choose the Amazon VPC that you want to associate with your file system. For this getting started exercise, choose the same Amazon VPC that you chose for your AWS Directory Service directory and your Amazon EC2 instance.

  11. For VPC Security Groups, the default security group for your default Amazon VPC is already added to your file system in the console. If you’re not using the default security group, make sure that the security group you choose is in the same AWS Region as your file system. You will also need to add the following rules to your chosen security group:

    1. Add the following inbound and outbound rules to allow the following ports.

      Rules Ports

      UDP

      53, 88, 123, 389, 464

      TCP 53, 88, 135, 389, 445, 464, 636, 3268, 3269, 5985, 9389, 49152-65535

      Add from and to IP addresses or security group IDs associated with the client compute instances that you want to access your file system from.

    2. Add outbound rules to allow all traffic to the Active Directory that you’re joining your file system to. To do this, do one of the following:

      • Allow outbound traffic to the security group ID associated with your AWS Managed AD directory.

      • Allow outbound traffic to the IP addresses associated with your self-managed Active Directory domain controllers.

    Note

    In some cases, you might have modified the rules of your AWS Managed Microsoft AD security group from the default settings. If so, make sure that this security group has the required inbound rules to allow traffic from your Amazon FSx file system. For more information about the required inbound rules, see AWS Managed Microsoft AD Prerequisites in the AWS Directory Service Administration Guide.

    For more information, see File System Access Control with Amazon VPC.

  12. If you have a Multi-AZ deployment (see step 5), choose a Preferred subnet value for the primary file server and a Standby subnet value for the standby file server. A Multi-AZ deployment has a primary and a standby file server, each in its own Availability Zone and subnet.

  13. For Windows authentication, you have the following options:

    If you want to join your file system to a Microsoft Active Directory domain that is managed by AWS, choose AWS Managed Microsoft Active Directory, and then choose your AWS Directory Service directory from the list. For more information, see Working with Microsoft Active Directory in FSx for Windows File Server.

    If you want to join your file system to a self-managed Microsoft Active Directory domain, choose Self-managed Microsoft Active Directory, and provide the following details for your Active Directory.

    • The fully qualified domain name of your Active Directory.

      Important

      For Single-AZ 2 and all Multi-AZ file systems, the Active Directory domain name cannot exceed 47 characters. This limitation applies to both AWS managed and self-managed Active Directory domain names.

      Amazon FSx requires a direct connection or internal traffic to your DNS IP Address. Connection via an internet gateway is not supported. Instead, use a VPN, VPC peering, Direct Connect or a transit gateway association.

    • DNS server IP addresses—the IPv4 addresses of the DNS servers for your domain

      Note

      Your DNS server must have EDNS (Extension Mechanisms for DNS) enabled. If EDNS is disabled, you may not be able to create an Amazon FSx file system.

    • Service account username—the user name of the service account in your existing Active Directory. Do not include a domain prefix or suffix.

    • Service account password—the password for the service account.

    • Confirm password—the password for the service account.

    • (Optional) Organizational Unit (OU)—the distinguished path name of the organizational unit in which you want to join your file system.

    • (Optional) Delegated file system administrators group— the name of the group in your Active Directory that can administer your file system. The default group is ‘Domain Admins’.

  14. For Encryption, keep the default Encryption key setting of aws/fsx (default).

  15. For Auditing – optional, file access auditing is disabled by default. For information about enabling and configuring file access auditing, see To enable file access auditing when creating a file system (console).

  16. For Access – optional, enter any DNS aliases that you want to associate with the file system. Each alias name must be formatted as a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For more information, see Managing DNS aliases.

  17. For Backup and maintenance – optional, keep the default settings.

  18. For Tags – optional, enter a key and value to add tags to your file system. A tag is a case-sensitive key-value pair that helps you manage, filter, and search for your file system.

    Choose Next.

  19. Review the file system configuration shown on the Create file system page. For your reference, note which file system settings you can modify after file system is created. Choose Create file system.

  20. After Amazon FSx creates the file system, choose the file system ID in the File Systems dashboard. Choose Attach, and note the fully qualified domain name for your file system. You will need it in a later step.

Trong bài viết này, chúng tôi xin chia sẻ với bạn một dịch vụ mới từ Amazon Web Services (AWS). Đó là Amazon FSx.

Dịch vụ đám mây AWS gồm hai nhóm chính. Một nhóm được thiết kế để có thể tạo ra các sản phẩm sáng tạo, giống khoa học viễn tưởng hơn là cho các hoạt động kinh doanh hàng ngày. Ví dụ như Amazon Rekognition –tự động phân tích hình ảnh và video. Nó cho phép theo dõi và nhận dạng cùng một đối tượng trong các video khác nhau. Thậm chí cho phép xác định cảm xúc mà đối tượng đang cảm nhận.

Đối với nhóm dịch vụ thứ hai. Nó được tạo ra để hỗ trợ con người trong các công việc hằng ngày. Như Amazon WorkSpaces, một dịch vụ cho phép bạn tạo một máy tính để bàn dựa trên đám mây mà bạn có thể truy cập từ bất cứ đâu trên thế giới.

Amazon FSx rơi thẳng vào nhóm thứ hai này.

Tổng quan

Amazon FSx là một giải pháp giúp người dùng giải quyết nhiều vấn đề cụ thể trong công việc hàng ngày của họ.

Amazon FSx có sẵn cho cả Windows và Luster, nhưng trong bài viết này chúng ta chỉ nói về Amazon FSx cho Windows File Server.

So với các hãng điện toán đám mây khác, AWS cung cấp nhiều tài nguyên IaaS trên Windows hơn cả. Và có nhiều PC độc lập chạy phần mềm điều hành Windows hơn tất cả các tùy chọn HĐH khác cộng lại.

Điều này cho thấy mặc dù thị trường đám mây thay đổi hệ thống kinh doanh theo nhiều cách khác nhau. Nhưng vị trí của Windows thì sẽ không dễ dàng bị thay đổi.

Amazon FSx cho Windows File Server là gì?

Tóm lại, Amazon FSx Windows File Server là bộ lưu trữ tệp chia sẻ tương thích với Windows. Được xây dựng trên Windows Server, Amazon FSx có khả năng tương thích và có các tính năng như các ứng dụng Microsoft. Bao gồm hỗ trợ đầy đủ cho giao thức SMB, Windows NTFS và tích hợp Microsoft Active Directory (AD). Amazon FSx sử dụng lưu trữ SSD cho hiệu suất nhanh với độ trễ thấp. Khả năng tương thích, hiệu suất và khả năng mở rộng này cho phép khối lượng công việc quan trọng như home directories, truyền thông và ứng dụng kinh doanh.

Thách thức

Trong thực tế, phần lớn khối lượng công việc điện toán đám mây thường trên nền tảng Linux. Do đó, việc thiếu một hệ thống chuyên Windows native file storage là một vấn đề lớn.

Trước khi Amazon FSx ra mắt, người dùng AWS có rất ít lựa chọn nếu họ muốn truy cập vào bộ lưu trữ Windows File Server.

Đầu tiên, người dùng quá quen thuộc với việc duy trì máy chủ on-premises trong văn phòng và sử dụng máy chủ đó để lưu trữ tệp. Mặc dù, nó đi kèm với rất nhiều nhược điểm. Chi phí trả trước, công suất cố định, bảo trì và bảo trì, tuổi thọ hạn chế, thiếu tích hợp với khối lượng công việc không dựa trên đám mây của Windows, khắc phục thảm họa, thiếu khả năng mở rộng, v.v.

Thứ hai, mặc dù việc thử và xây dựng hệ thống lưu trữ tệp dựa trên Windows trên EC2 và S3 là hoàn toàn có thể. Nhưng nó không phải là một quá trình đơn giản và đòi hỏi kỹ sư có kỹ năng và kinh nghiệm với cách thức hoạt động của cơ sở hạ tầng AWS.

Đồng thời, nó cũng không loại bỏ hoàn toàn các tác vụ quản lý phần mềm sever, thiết lập hệ thống tệp, quản lý giấy phép, sao lưu và tuân thủ chính sách bảo mật.

Giải pháp

Hiện nay, đã có một giải pháp giúp người dùng giải quyết được tất cả các vấn đề trên. Đây là dịch vụ cung cấp file system native cho Windows và được quản lý hoàn toàn bởi AWS. Người dùng có thể dễ dàng truy cập nó như các dịch vụ thông thường khác.

Giải pháp lưu trữ tệp này giúp bạn không tốn quá 5 phút để thiết lập. Nó tập hợp được tất cả các lợi ích của AWS và môi trường thân thiện như trên PC của bạn.

Amazon FSx Windows File Server hỗ trợ NTFS file systems có thể được truy cập bởi hàng ngàn máy chủ. Thông qua việc sử dụng giao thức Server Message Block protocol. Nó tích hợp với Active Directory và hỗ trợ Access control Lists. Nó có thể sử dụng DFS Namespaces, tạo sao lưu hoặc nhiều hoạt động khác AWS cung cấp.

Trên thực tế, nó có quy trình riêng để tích hợp với các hệ thống kinh doanh hiện tại của bạn trên Microsoft Windows sao cho liền mạch.

Sao lưu được lưu trữ trên Amazon S3, dữ liệu sẽ được sao chép trong Availability Zone bạn chọn.

Về phần cứng, Amazon FSx hiện đang có dung lượng lưu trữ trên ổ SSD và có thể hỗ trợ tốc độ truyền lên tới 2 Gigabyte mỗi giây. Nó nhanh hơn bất cứ hệ thống on-premises nào bạn đang sử dụng. Đặc biệt nếu bạn có nhiều văn phòng cùng muốn truy cập vào cùng một file server.

Kết luận

Sự ra đời của Amazon FSx cho thấy rằng dù doanh nghiệp của bạn đang chạy trên bất kỳ nền tảng nào, AWS vẫn là một lựa chọn tuyệt vời.

Nếu bạn hiện đang chạy Windows file system, trên máy chủ vật lý on-premises hay là trên đám mây với S3 và EC2. Thì hãy cùng Renova Cloud trải nghiệm Amazon FSx Windows File Server. Chắc chắn nó sẽ không làm bạn thất vọng, nó giúp công việc của bạn đơn giản hơn nhiều.

TIN LIÊN QUAN

More about AWS FSx

  • Automating AWS FSx for ONTAP Using Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform
  • Amazon FSx Backup and Restore: A Practical Guide
  • Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP: One Year In
  • Automating Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP Operations
  • FSx Gateway: Amazon FSx for Windows at On-Premises Speed
  • AWS FSx for Lustre vs EFS: Head to Head
  • AWS FSx: 6 Reasons to Use It in Your Next Project
  • AWS FSx Pricing Explained with Real-Life Examples
  • FSx for Lustre: Use Cases, Architecture, and Deployment Options
  • FSx for Windows: An In-Depth Look
  • Protect Your Data with Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP
  • File Sharing with Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP
  • How to Set Up Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP Using NetApp BlueXP Console
  • What Is “Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP”?
  • Using FSx for ONTAP to Enhance Kubernetes and Container Capabilities

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September 29, 2021

Topics: Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP File ServicesAWSElementary6 minute read

Cách bắt đầu

Tài liệu hướng dẫn bắt đầu

Tìm hiểu cách bắt đầu sử dụng FSx dành cho Windows File Server với tài liệu hướng dẫn từng bước.

Khám phá về giá của FSx dành cho Windows File Server

Không chịu chi phí trả trước hay phí cấp phép.

Kết nối với chuyên gia

Từ các chương trình cấp độ phát triển đến cấp độ doanh nghiệp, nhận hỗ trợ phù hợp vào đúng thời điểm.

What is FSx for Windows File Server?

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server provides fully managed Microsoft Windows file servers, backed by a fully native Windows file system. FSx for Windows File Server has the features, performance, and compatibility to easily lift and shift enterprise applications to the AWS Cloud.

Amazon FSx supports a broad set of enterprise Windows workloads with fully managed file storage built on Microsoft Windows Server. Amazon FSx has native support for Windows file system features and for the industry-standard Server Message Block (SMB) protocol to access file storage over a network. Amazon FSx is optimized for enterprise applications in the AWS Cloud, with native Windows compatibility, enterprise performance and features, and consistent sub-millisecond latencies.

With file storage on Amazon FSx, the code, applications, and tools that Windows developers and administrators use today can continue to work unchanged. Windows applications and workloads ideal for Amazon FSx include business applications, home directories, web serving, content management, data analytics, software build setups, and media processing workloads.

As a fully managed service, FSx for Windows File Server eliminates the administrative overhead of setting up and provisioning file servers and storage volumes. Additionally, Amazon FSx keeps Windows software up to date, detects and addresses hardware failures, and performs backups. It also provides rich integration with other AWS services like AWS IAM, AWS Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory, Amazon WorkSpaces, AWS Key Management Service, and AWS CloudTrail.

I Bought the Windows 11 Ice Cream
I Bought the Windows 11 Ice Cream

Use cases

Migrate Windows file servers to AWS

Move Windows-based file servers to AWS while maintaining application compatibility.

Accelerate hybrid workloads

Consolidate on-premises storage in the cloud with low-latency access to fully managed file shares through Amazon FSx File Gateway

Reduce SQL Server deployment cost

Run highly available Microsoft SQL Server database workloads without the need for SQL enterprise licensing.

Simplify virtual desktops and streaming

Store user profile data on shared, persistent storage accessible from Amazon WorkSpaces and Amazon AppStream 2.0.

Supported access methods

You can use the following access methods and approaches with Amazon FSx.

Accessing file systems using their default DNS names

FSx for Windows File Server provides a Domain Name System (DNS) name for every file system. You access your FSx for Windows File Server file system by mapping a drive letter on your compute instance to your Amazon FSx file share using this DNS name. To learn more, see Using Microsoft Windows file shares.

Important

Amazon FSx only registers DNS records for a file system if you are using Microsoft DNS as the default DNS. If you are using a third-party DNS, you must manually set up DNS entries for your Amazon FSx file systems. For information about choosing the correct IP addresses to use for the file system, see Obtaining the correct file system IP addresses to use for DNS.

To find the DNS name:

  • In the Amazon FSx console, choose File systems, and then choose Details. View the DNS name in the Network & Security section.

  • Or, view it in the response of the CreateFileSystem or DescribeFileSystems API command.

For all Single-AZ file systems joined to an AWS Managed Microsoft Active Directory, the DNS name looks like the
following:

fs-0123456789abcdef0.


ad-dns-domain-name

For all Single-AZ file systems joined to a self-managed Active Directory, and any
Multi-AZ file system, the DNS name looks like the following:

amznfsxaa11bb22.


ad-domain

.com

Using DNS names with Kerberos authentication

We recommend that you use Kerberos-based authentication and encryption in transit with Amazon FSx. Kerberos provides the most secure authentication for clients accessing your file system. To enable Kerberos-based authentication and encryption of data in transit for your SMB sessions, use the file system’s DNS name provided by Amazon FSx to access your file system.

If you have an external trust configured between your AWS Managed Microsoft Active Directory and your
on-premises Active Directory, to use the Amazon FSx Remote PowerShell with
Kerberos authentication, you must configure a local group policy on the client
for forest search order. For more information, see Configure Kerberos Forest Search Order (KFSO)

Accessing file systems using DNS aliases

FSx for Windows File Server provides a DNS name for every file system that you can use to access your file shares. You can also enable access to Amazon FSx from DNS names other than the default DNS name that Amazon FSx creates by registering aliases for your FSx for Windows File Server file systems.

Using DNS aliases, you can move your Windows file share data to Amazon FSx and continue using your existing DNS names to access data on Amazon FSx. DNS aliases also allow you to use meaningful names that make it easier to administer tools and applications to connect to your Amazon FSx file systems. For more information, see Managing DNS aliases.

Using DNS aliases with Kerberos authentication

We recommend that you use Kerberos-based authentication and encryption in transit with Amazon FSx. Kerberos provides the most secure authentication for clients accessing your file system. To enable Kerberos authentication for clients that access Amazon FSx using a DNS alias, you must add service principal names (SPNs) that correspond to the DNS alias on your Amazon FSx file system’s Active Directory computer object.

You can optionally enforce clients that access the file system using a DNS alias to use Kerberos authentication and encryption by setting the following Group Policy Objects (GPOs) in your Active Directory:

  • Restrict NTLM: Outgoing NTLM traffic to remote servers – Use this policy setting to deny or audit outgoing NTLM traffic from a computer to any remote server running the Windows operating system.

  • Restrict NTLM: Add remote server exceptions for NTLM authentication – Use this policy setting to create an exception list of remote servers to which client devices are allowed to use NTLM authentication if the Network security: Restrict NTLM: Outgoing NTLM traffic to remote servers policy setting is configured.

For more information, see Walkthrough 5: Using DNS aliases to access your file system.

Working with FSx for Windows File Server file systems and DFS namespaces

FSx for Windows File Server supports the use of Microsoft Distributed File System (DFS) Namespaces. You can use DFS Namespaces to organize file shares on multiple file systems into one common folder structure (a namespace) that you use to access the entire file dataset. You can use a name in your DFS Namespace to access your Amazon FSx file system by configuring its link target to be the file system’s DNS name. For more information, see Grouping multiple file systems with DFS Namespaces.

【ThinkPad】Amazonの整備済み品って実際どうなん?【ゆっくり】
【ThinkPad】Amazonの整備済み品って実際どうなん?【ゆっくり】

Resource quotas for each file system

Following are the quotas on Amazon FSx for Windows File Server resources for each file system in an AWS Region.

Resource Limit per file system
Maximum number of tags 50
Maximum retention period for automated backups 90 days
Maximum number of backup copy requests in progress to a single destination Region per account.
Minimum storage capacity, SSD file systems 32 GiB
Minimum storage capacity, HDD file systems 2,000 GiB
Maximum storage capacity, SSD and HDD 64 TiB
Minimum SSD IOPS 96
Maximum SSD IOPS 400,000
Minimum throughput capacity 8 MBps
Maximum throughput capacity 12,288 MBps
Maximum number of file shares 100,000

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

Fully managed file storage built on Windows Server

Provide highly available, high performance storage to your Windows applications with full SMB support.

Lower storage costs by up to 60 percent with data deduplication and compression.

Strengthen data protection with encryption, file access auditing, and automated backups.

Increase application performance with sub-millisecond latencies and high throughput.

Getting Started with Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP - AWS Online Tech Talk
Getting Started with Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP – AWS Online Tech Talk

Security and compliance

All Amazon FSx file system data is automatically encrypted at rest and in transit. Encryption of data at-rest uses keys managed with AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS). Data is automatically encrypted before being written to the file system, and automatically decrypted as it is read. You can also choose to enforce encryption of data in-transit on all connections to your file systems for compliance needs. Amazon FSx automatically encrypts data-in-transit using SMB Kerberos session keys, when accessed from compute instances that support SMB protocol 3.0 or newer. This includes all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8, and all Linux clients with Samba client version 4.2 or newer.

AWS has the longest-running compliance program in the cloud and is committed to helping customers navigate their requirements. Amazon FSx has been assessed to meet global and industry security standards. It complies with PCI DSS, ISO 9001, 27001, 27017, and 27018), and SOC 1, 2, and 3, in addition to being HIPAA eligible. Amazon FSx for Windows File Server is also FedRAMP compliant. That makes it easier for you to verify our security and meet your own obligations. For more information and resources, visit our compliance pages. You can also go to the Services in Scope by Compliance Program page to see a full list of services and certifications.

Amazon FSx supports identity-based authentication over SMB through Microsoft Active Directory (AD). When creating your Amazon FSx file system, you join it to your Microsoft AD — either an AWS Managed Microsoft AD or your self-managed Microsoft AD. Your users can then use their existing AD-based user identities to authenticate themselves and access the Amazon FSx file system, and to control access to individual files and folders.

Amazon FSx supports Windows Access Control Lists (ACLs) for fine-grained file and folder access control. For network-level access control, you can use Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) security groups to control access to your Amazon FSx resources. Amazon FSx is integrated with AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) to control the actions that your AWS IAM users and groups can take on specific Amazon FSx resources. Amazon FSx integrates with AWS CloudTrail to monitor and log administration actions. Amazon FSx also offers user storage quotas to monitor and control user-level storage consumption.

You access your Amazon FSx file system from your Amazon VPCs. You can configure firewall settings and control network access to your Amazon FSx file systems using Amazon VPC Security Groups and VPC Network ACLs.

Amazon FSx supports auditing end-user access to your files, folders, and file shares using Windows event logs. Logs are published to Amazon CloudWatch Logs or streamed to Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose, enabling you to view and query logs on CloudWatch Logs, archive logs in Amazon S3, trigger Lambda functions to take reactive actions, or perform post-processing on AWS Partner solutions such as Splunk and Datadog.

Availability and durability

FSx for Windows File Server offers file systems with two levels of availability and durability. Single-AZ files ensure high availability within a single Availability Zone (AZ) by automatically detecting and addressing component failures. In addition, Multi-AZ file systems provide high availability and failover support across multiple Availability Zones by provisioning and maintaining a standby file server in a separate Availability Zone within an AWS Region. To learn more about Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file system deployments, see Availability and durability: Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file systems.

AWS Course | AWS Training- Learn AWS In 11 Hours | AWS Tutorial | Intellipaat
AWS Course | AWS Training- Learn AWS In 11 Hours | AWS Tutorial | Intellipaat

Assumptions

To use Amazon FSx, you need an AWS account with an Amazon EC2 instance, WorkSpaces instance, AppStream 2.0 instance, or VM running in VMware Cloud on AWS environments of the supported type.

In this guide, we make the following assumptions:

  • If you’re using Amazon EC2, we assume that you’re familiar with Amazon EC2. For more information on how to use Amazon EC2, see Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud documentation.

  • If you’re using WorkSpaces, we assume that you’re familiar with WorkSpaces. For more information on how to use WorkSpaces, see Amazon WorkSpaces User Guide.

  • If you’re using VMware Cloud on AWS, we assume that you’re familiar with it. For more information, see VMware Cloud on AWS

  • We assume that you are familiar with Microsoft Active Directory concepts.

Prerequisites

To create an Amazon FSx file system, you need the following:

  • An AWS account with the permissions necessary to create an Amazon FSx file system and an Amazon EC2 instance. For more information, see Setting up.

  • An Amazon EC2 instance running Microsoft Windows Server in the virtual private cloud (VPC) based on the Amazon VPC service that you want to associate with your Amazon FSx file system. For information on how to create one, see Getting Started with Amazon EC2 Windows Instances in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Windows Instances.

  • Amazon FSx works with Microsoft Active Directory to perform user authentication and access control. You join your Amazon FSx file system to a Microsoft Active Directory while creating it. For more information, see Working with Microsoft Active Directory in FSx for Windows File Server.

  • This guide assumes that you haven’t changed the rules on the default security group for your VPC based on the Amazon VPC service. If you have, you need to ensure that you add the necessary rules to allow network traffic from your Amazon EC2 instance to your Amazon FSx file system. For more details, see Security in Amazon FSx.

  • Install and configure the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI). Supported versions are 1.9.12 and newer. For more information, see Installing, updating, and uninstalling the AWS CLI in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide.

    Note

    You can check the version of the AWS CLI you’re using with the


    aws --version

    command.

Administration and management

With Amazon FSx for Windows File Server, you have full flexibility and control over how you administer your file systems. You can manage your file systems using the AWS Management Console, AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI), and AWS SDK. You also have access to a rich set of Windows Server administrative features including end-user file restore, user quotas, and Access Control Lists (ACLs).

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server integrates with your on-premises Microsoft Active Directory or AWS Microsoft Managed AD to let you control user access; with AWS CloudTrail to let you monitor and log administration actions; with Amazon CloudWatch to let you monitor file system storage and performance; with AWS CloudFormation to let you model, provision, and manage file systems efficiently; with AWS Backup to let you create policy-driven backup plans; with Amazon Kendra to let you index and search documents stored on your file systems; and with Amazon ECS to enable persistent, shared storage for containerized applications.

How to Create and Mount Amazon FSx for WINDOWS in AWS FULL DEMO in Hindi | Cloud Tech Burner
How to Create and Mount Amazon FSx for WINDOWS in AWS FULL DEMO in Hindi | Cloud Tech Burner

Performance and scale

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server is designed to deliver fast, predictable, and consistent performance by providing multiple GB/s of throughput and hundreds of thousands of IOPS per file system. It is built on the latest AWS compute, disk, and networking technologies, providing fast, consistent sub-millisecond latencies for file operations with even lower latencies for frequently accessed data.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server delivers up to 21 gigabytes per second (GB/s) of throughput and millions of IOPs for frequently-accessed cached data. For data accessed from persistent disk storage, FSx for Windows file systems delivers up to 12 GB/s and up to 400,000 IOPS. You can also enable data compression on your file system to help increase your effective throughput.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server supports simultaneous access from up to thousands of clients so that you can deliver shared, high-performance file storage for users or applications at scale. And FSx for Windows supports SMB Multichannel, enabling you to get up to the full throughput and IOPS levels for your file system even for just a single client.

Price and performance flexibility

FSx for Windows File Server gives you the price and performance flexibility by offering both solid state drive (SSD) and hard disk drive (HDD) storage types. HDD storage is designed for a broad spectrum of workloads, including home directories, user and departmental shares, and content management systems. SSD storage is designed for the highest-performance and most latency-sensitive workloads, including databases, media processing workloads, and data analytics applications.

With FSx for Windows File Server, you can provision file system storage, SSD IOPS, and throughput independently to achieve the right mix of cost and performance. You can modify your file system’s storage, SSD IOPS, and throughput capacities to meet changing workload needs, so that you pay only for what you need. For more information, see Optimizing costs with Amazon FSx.

Create a  FREE Windows Server VPS by using the AWS free tier in 2023
Create a FREE Windows Server VPS by using the AWS free tier in 2023

Quotas that you can increase

Following are the quotas for Amazon FSx for Windows File Server for each AWS account, per AWS Region, that you can increase.

Resource Default Description

Windows file systems

100

The maximum number of Amazon FSx for Windows Server file systems that you can create in this account.

Windows throughput capacity

10240

The total amount of throughput capacity (in MBps) allowed for all Amazon FSx for Windows file systems in this account.

Windows HDD storage capacity

524288

The maximum amount of HDD storage capacity (in GiB) allowed for all Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file systems in this account.

Windows SSD storage capacity

524288

The maximum amount of SSD storage capacity (in GiB) allowed for all Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file systems in this account.

Windows total SSD IOPS

500,000

The total amount of SSD IOPS allowed for all Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file systems in this account.

Windows backups

500

The maximum number of user-initiated backups for all Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file systems that you can have in this account.

To request a quota increase
  1. Open the Service Quotas console

  2. In the navigation pane, choose AWS services.

  3. Choose Amazon FSx.

  4. Choose a quota.

  5. Choose Request quota increase, and follow the directions to request a quota increase.

  6. To view the status of the quota request, choose Quota request history in the console navigation pane.

For more information, see Requesting a quota increase in the Service Quotas User Guide.

Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP

In collaboration with NetApp, AWS has launched Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP, a new cloud-based managed shared file and block storage service that brings the best of both worlds to their customers.

FSx for ONTAP delivers NFS, SMB and iSCSI storage powered by NetApp’s advanced data management system, with features and benefits that go beyond other AWS offerings:

  • Multiprotocol file and block storage support
  • High availability across multi-AZs
  • Data protection and disaster recovery features
  • Cost-cutting storage efficiencies, automatic data tiering to S3, and instant data cloning
  • GUI or RESTful API access, control and automation through NetApp BlueXP Consoler
  • Operation across hybrid and multicloud architectures

Click here for a step-by-step walkthrough on how to set up your own FSx for ONTAP environment with BlueXP Console.

AWS Storage: EBS vs. S3 vs. EFS
AWS Storage: EBS vs. S3 vs. EFS

What Is FSx for Windows?

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server is a managed file storage solution. It provides complete Windows file servers running a native Windows file system – this means organizations do not need to undertake the effort of setting up a file server. The service also keeps Windows software up-to-date, can detect and address hardware failures, and can back up data and workloads.

A common use case is to move Windows applications as-is to the AWS cloud in a lift-and-shift model. Amazon FSx for Windows can be used for mission critical business applications, web serving, home directories, content management, continuous integration (CI) workflows and data analytics.

FSx for Windows provides predictable, low latency in the sub-millisecond range, which makes it possible to move demanding enterprise applications to the cloud. It also natively supports the server message mlock (SMB) protocol, which enables seamless access to file shares over the network.

In this article:

  • FSx for Windows Benefits
  • How Does Amazon FSx for Windows Work?
  • Amazon FSx for Windows Architecture and Performance
  • Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP

Data protection

To help ensure that your data is protected, Amazon FSx automatically takes highly durable, file-system consistent daily backups to S3. Amazon FSx uses the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) to make your backups file system-consistent. You can take additional backups of your file system at any point.

To enable end-users to easily undo changes and compare file versions, Amazon FSx supports restoring individual files and folders to previous versions using Windows shadow copies.

To meet enterprise compliance and data protection requirements, Amazon FSx is integrated with AWS Backup allowing you to create scheduled, policy-driven backup plans for your Amazon FSx file systems.

To provide additional layers of data protection and meet business continuity, disaster recovery, and compliance requirements, you can copy your Amazon FSx file system backups across AWS Regions, AWS accounts, or both.

Install Windows like a PRO! Windows Deployment Services Tutorial
Install Windows like a PRO! Windows Deployment Services Tutorial

Availability and durability

To ensure high availability and durability, Amazon FSx automatically replicates your data within an Availability Zone (AZ) it resides in (which you specify during creation) to protect it from component failure, continuously monitors for hardware failures, and automatically replaces infrastructure components in the event of a failure. Amazon FSx offers single AZ and multi-AZ deployment options for your Windows file-based workloads.

Amazon FSx offers a multiple availability (AZ) deployment option, designed to provide continuous availability to data, even in the event that an AZ is unavailable. Multi-AZ file systems include an active and standby file server in separate AZs, and any changes written to disk in your file system are synchronously replicated across AZs to the standby. During planned maintenance, or in the event of a failure of the active file server or its AZ, Amazon FSx automatically fails over to the standby so you can resume file system operations without a loss of availability to your data.

High Availability (HA) Microsoft SQL Server is typically deployed across multiple database nodes in a Windows Server Failover Cluster (WSFC), with each node having access to shared file storage. With support for Continously Available (CA) file shares, Amazon FSx enables you to provide highly-available shared file storage for these clusters.

Cost-effectiveness

Amazon FSx provides two types of storage – Hard Disk Drives (HDD) and Solid State Drives (SSD) – enabling you to optimize cost and performance to meet your workload needs. HDD storage is designed for a broad spectrum of workloads, including home directories, user and departmental shares, and content management systems. SSD storage is designed for the highest-performance and most latency-sensitive workloads, including databases, media processing workloads, and data analytics applications.

You pay only for the resources you use, with no minimum commitments, licensing costs, or up-front fees. You are billed hourly for your Amazon FSx file systems, based on your configured storage capacity (priced per GB-month), your level of SSD IOPS above the default 3 IOPS that are included for every GB of SSD storage (per IOPS-mo), and your throughput capacity (priced per MBps-month). You are billed hourly for your backup storage (priced per GB-month). For more details, see the Amazon FSx pricing page.

You can enable data deduplication and compression to automatically reduce costs associated with redundant data by storing duplicated portions of your dataset only once. Typical savings average 50-60% for general purpose file shares, 30-50% savings for user documents, and 70-80% savings for software development data sets.

Amazon FSx offers user quotas to monitor and control user-level storage consumption on your file systems for use cases such as cost allocation across teams and limiting storage consumption on a user-level.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server offers multiple throughput capacity levels that you can choose from, allowing you to cost-optimize for the performance your workloads require. You can also optionally provision higher levels of IOPS as needed, independently from the storage and throughput capacity of your file system, allowing you to pay only for the IOPS you need.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server has simple pricing, you pay for the resources you use.

Instantly get access to the AWS Free Tier.

Get started building with FSx for Windows File Server in the AWS Console.

What is FSx for Windows File Server?

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server provides fully managed Microsoft Windows file servers, backed by a fully native Windows file system. FSx for Windows File Server has the features, performance, and compatibility to easily lift and shift enterprise applications to the AWS Cloud.

Amazon FSx supports a broad set of enterprise Windows workloads with fully managed file storage built on Microsoft Windows Server. Amazon FSx has native support for Windows file system features and for the industry-standard Server Message Block (SMB) protocol to access file storage over a network. Amazon FSx is optimized for enterprise applications in the AWS Cloud, with native Windows compatibility, enterprise performance and features, and consistent sub-millisecond latencies.

With file storage on Amazon FSx, the code, applications, and tools that Windows developers and administrators use today can continue to work unchanged. Windows applications and workloads ideal for Amazon FSx include business applications, home directories, web serving, content management, data analytics, software build setups, and media processing workloads.

As a fully managed service, FSx for Windows File Server eliminates the administrative overhead of setting up and provisioning file servers and storage volumes. Additionally, Amazon FSx keeps Windows software up to date, detects and addresses hardware failures, and performs backups. It also provides rich integration with other AWS services like AWS IAM, AWS Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory, Amazon WorkSpaces, AWS Key Management Service, and AWS CloudTrail.

AWS Storage - EBS vs S3 vs EFS
AWS Storage – EBS vs S3 vs EFS

How Does Amazon FSx for Windows Work?

You can leverage Amazon FSx for Windows for basic Windows storage. You can also use the service to host applications, set it up to work as a storage repository for backup data, or use it as a file share for Windows compute instances.

The service offers several levels of compliance and security, which can help you protect your data. Amazon FSx for Windows can automatically encrypt data at rest (for file systems as well as backups). It uses keys that you can manage from your AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) account.

Amazon FSx for Windows protects data by automatically creating backups of the file system, performed on a custom schedule. You can replicate file system data across any AWS region that supports Amazon FSx for Windows.

Here are several service deployment prerequisites:

  • An AWS account with permissions that allow you to create Amazon FSx for Windows file systems and an AWS EC2 instance.
  • A Windows EC2 instance running in VPC with RDP enabled. You also need to enable the administrator role.
  • AWS Directory services running with the latest configuration on your console.
  • Join your Windows EC2 instance to the running AWS Directory service.

FSx for Windows File Server resources: file systems, backups, and file shares

The primary resources in Amazon FSx are file systems and backups. A file system is where you store and access your files and folders. A file system is made up of one or more Windows file servers and storage volumes. When you create a file system, you specify an amount of storage capacity (in GiB), SSD IOPS, and throughput capacity (in MB/s). You can modify these properties as your needs change after you create the file system. For more information, see Managing storage capacity, Managing SSD IOPS, and Managing throughput capacity.

FSx for Windows File Server backups are file-system-consistent, highly durable, and incremental. To ensure file system consistency, Amazon FSx uses the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) in Microsoft Windows. Automatic daily backups are turned on by default when you create a file system, and you can also take additional manual backups at any time. For more information, see Working with backups.

A Windows file share is a specific folder (and its subfolders) within your file system
that you make accessible to your compute instances with SMB. Your file system already
comes with a default Windows file share called

\share

. You can
create and manage as many other Windows file shares as you want by using the Shared
Folders graphical user interface (GUI) tool on Windows. For more information, see Using Microsoft Windows file shares.

File shares are accessed using either the file system’s DNS name or DNS aliases that you associate with the file system. For more information, see Managing DNS aliases.

Accessing file shares

Amazon FSx is accessible from compute instances with the SMB protocol (supporting versions 2.0 to 3.1.1). You can access your shares from all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2008 and Windows 7, and also from current versions of Linux. You can map your Amazon FSx file shares on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances, and on WorkSpaces instances, Amazon AppStream 2.0 instances, and VMware Cloud on AWS VMs.

You can access your file shares from on-premises compute instances using AWS Direct Connect or AWS VPN. In addition to accessing file shares that are in the same VPC, AWS account, and AWS Region as the file system, you can also access your shares on compute instances that are in a different Amazon VPC, account, or Region. You do so using VPC peering or transit gateways. For more information, see Supported access methods.

Create An Amazon Account | www.amazon.com Registration Help 2021 | Amazon.com Sign Up
Create An Amazon Account | www.amazon.com Registration Help 2021 | Amazon.com Sign Up

Supported environments

You can access your file system from resources that are in the same VPC as your file system. For more information and detailed instructions, see Walkthrough 1: Prerequisites for getting started.

You can also access file systems created after February 22, 2019, from on-premises resources and from resources that are in a different VPC, AWS account, or AWS Region. The following table illustrates the environments from which Amazon FSx supports access from clients in each of the supported environments, depending on when the file system was created.

Clients located in… Access to file systems created before February 22, 2019 Access to file systems created before December 17, 2020 Access to file systems created after December 17, 2020

Subnets in which the file system is created

Primary CIDR blocks of the VPC in which the file system was created

Secondary CIDRs of the VPC in which the file system was created

Clients with IP addresses in an RFC 1918

Clients with IP addresses outside the following CIDR block range: 198.19.0.0/16

Other CIDRs or peered networks

Note

In some cases, you might want to access a file system that was created before December 17, 2020 from on-premises using a non-private IP address range. To do this, create a new file system from a backup of the file system. For more information, see Working with backups.

Following, you can find information about how to access your FSx for Windows File Server file systems from on-premises and from different VPCs, AWS accounts, or AWS Regions.

Accessing FSx for Windows File Server file systems from on-premises

FSx for Windows File Server supports the use of AWS Direct Connect or AWS VPN to access your file systems from your on-premises compute instances. With support for AWS Direct Connect, FSx for Windows File Server enables you to access your file system over a dedicated network connection from your on-premises environment. With support for AWS VPN, FSx for Windows File Server enables you to access your file system from your on-premises devices over a secure and private tunnel.

After you connect your on-premises environment to the VPC associated with your Amazon FSx file system, you can access your file system using its DNS name or a DNS alias. You do so just as you do from compute instances within the VPC. For more information on AWS Direct Connect, see the AWS Direct Connect User Guide. For more information on setting up AWS VPN connections, see VPN Connections in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

FSx for Windows File Server also supports the use of Amazon FSx File Gateway to provide low latency, seamless access to your in-cloud FSx for Windows File Server file shares from your on-premises compute instances. For more information, see the Amazon FSx File Gateway User Guide.

Accessing FSx for Windows File Server file systems from another VPC, account, or AWS Region

You can access your FSx for Windows File Server file system from compute instances in a different VPC, AWS account, or AWS Region from that associated with your file system. To do so, you can use VPC peering or transit gateways. When you use a VPC peering connection or transit gateway to connect VPCs, compute instances that are in one VPC can access Amazon FSx file systems in another VPC. This access is possible even if the VPCs belong to different accounts, and even if the VPCs reside in different AWS Regions.

A VPC peering connection is a networking connection between two VPCs that you can use to route traffic between them using private IPv4 or IP version 6 (IPv6) addresses. You can use VPC peering to connect VPCs within the same AWS Region or between AWS Regions. For more information on VPC peering, see What is VPC Peering? in the Amazon VPC Peering Guide.

A transit gateway is a network transit hub that you can use to interconnect your VPCs and on-premises networks. For more information about using VPC transit gateways, see Getting Started with Transit Gateways in the Amazon VPC Transit Gateways.

After you set up a VPC peering or transit gateway connection, you can access your file system using its DNS name. You do so just as you do from compute instances within the associated VPC.

Quotas

Following, you can find out about quotas when working with Amazon FSx for Windows File Server.

Topics

Ví dụ về định giá

Giả sử bạn muốn lưu trữ 10 TB dữ liệu chia sẻ tệp đa dụng bằng HDD tại Khu vực Miền Đông Hoa Kỳ (Bắc Virginia). Dựa trên mức tiết kiệm chống trùng lặp thường thấy là 50-60%, bạn cung cấp hệ thống tệp nhiều vùng sẵn sàng dung lượng 5 TB với thông lượng 16 MBps. Giả sử bạn có dung lượng lưu trữ sao lưu trung bình là 5 TB trong tháng.

Tổng phí hàng tháng:

Lưu trữ: 5 TB * 0,025 USD/GB-tháng= 128 USD/tháng

Thông lượng: 16 MBps * 4,50 USD/MBps-tháng= 72 USD/tháng

Sao lưu: 5 TB * 0,050 USD/GB-tháng = 256 USD/tháng

Tổng phí hàng tháng: 456 USD (0,045 USD/GB-tháng cho 10 TB dữ liệu)

What is Amazon FSx and what are the benefits? - New in AWS
What is Amazon FSx and what are the benefits? – New in AWS

Security and compliance

All Amazon FSx file system data is automatically encrypted at rest and in transit. Encryption of data at-rest uses keys managed with AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS). Data is automatically encrypted before being written to the file system, and automatically decrypted as it is read. You can also choose to enforce encryption of data in-transit on all connections to your file systems for compliance needs. Amazon FSx automatically encrypts data-in-transit using SMB Kerberos session keys, when accessed from compute instances that support SMB protocol 3.0 or newer. This includes all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8, and all Linux clients with Samba client version 4.2 or newer.

AWS has the longest-running compliance program in the cloud and is committed to helping customers navigate their requirements. Amazon FSx has been assessed to meet global and industry security standards. It complies with PCI DSS, ISO 9001, 27001, 27017, and 27018), and SOC 1, 2, and 3, in addition to being HIPAA eligible. Amazon FSx for Windows File Server is also FedRAMP compliant. That makes it easier for you to verify our security and meet your own obligations. For more information and resources, visit our compliance pages. You can also go to the Services in Scope by Compliance Program page to see a full list of services and certifications.

Amazon FSx supports identity-based authentication over SMB through Microsoft Active Directory (AD). When creating your Amazon FSx file system, you join it to your Microsoft AD — either an AWS Managed Microsoft AD or your self-managed Microsoft AD. Your users can then use their existing AD-based user identities to authenticate themselves and access the Amazon FSx file system, and to control access to individual files and folders.

Amazon FSx supports Windows Access Control Lists (ACLs) for fine-grained file and folder access control. For network-level access control, you can use Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) security groups to control access to your Amazon FSx resources. Amazon FSx is integrated with AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) to control the actions that your AWS IAM users and groups can take on specific Amazon FSx resources. Amazon FSx integrates with AWS CloudTrail to monitor and log administration actions. Amazon FSx also offers user storage quotas to monitor and control user-level storage consumption.

You access your Amazon FSx file system from your Amazon VPCs. You can configure firewall settings and control network access to your Amazon FSx file systems using Amazon VPC Security Groups and VPC Network ACLs.

Amazon FSx supports auditing end-user access to your files, folders, and file shares using Windows event logs. Logs are published to Amazon CloudWatch Logs or streamed to Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose, enabling you to view and query logs on CloudWatch Logs, archive logs in Amazon S3, trigger Lambda functions to take reactive actions, or perform post-processing on AWS Partner solutions such as Splunk and Datadog.

Assumptions

To use Amazon FSx, you need an AWS account with an Amazon EC2 instance, WorkSpaces instance, AppStream 2.0 instance, or VM running in VMware Cloud on AWS environments of the supported type.

In this guide, we make the following assumptions:

  • If you’re using Amazon EC2, we assume that you’re familiar with Amazon EC2. For more information on how to use Amazon EC2, see Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud documentation.

  • If you’re using WorkSpaces, we assume that you’re familiar with WorkSpaces. For more information on how to use WorkSpaces, see Amazon WorkSpaces User Guide.

  • If you’re using VMware Cloud on AWS, we assume that you’re familiar with it. For more information, see VMware Cloud on AWS

  • We assume that you are familiar with Microsoft Active Directory concepts.

Prerequisites

To create an Amazon FSx file system, you need the following:

  • An AWS account with the permissions necessary to create an Amazon FSx file system and an Amazon EC2 instance. For more information, see Setting up.

  • An Amazon EC2 instance running Microsoft Windows Server in the virtual private cloud (VPC) based on the Amazon VPC service that you want to associate with your Amazon FSx file system. For information on how to create one, see Getting Started with Amazon EC2 Windows Instances in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Windows Instances.

  • Amazon FSx works with Microsoft Active Directory to perform user authentication and access control. You join your Amazon FSx file system to a Microsoft Active Directory while creating it. For more information, see Working with Microsoft Active Directory in FSx for Windows File Server.

  • This guide assumes that you haven’t changed the rules on the default security group for your VPC based on the Amazon VPC service. If you have, you need to ensure that you add the necessary rules to allow network traffic from your Amazon EC2 instance to your Amazon FSx file system. For more details, see Security in Amazon FSx.

  • Install and configure the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI). Supported versions are 1.9.12 and newer. For more information, see Installing, updating, and uninstalling the AWS CLI in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide.

    Note

    You can check the version of the AWS CLI you’re using with the


    aws --version

    command.

AWS re:Invent 2020: Deep dive on Amazon FSx for Windows File Server
AWS re:Invent 2020: Deep dive on Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

Performance and scale

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server is designed to deliver fast, predictable, and consistent performance by providing multiple GB/s of throughput and hundreds of thousands of IOPS per file system. It is built on the latest AWS compute, disk, and networking technologies, providing fast, consistent sub-millisecond latencies for file operations with even lower latencies for frequently accessed data.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server delivers up to 21 gigabytes per second (GB/s) of throughput and millions of IOPs for frequently-accessed cached data. For data accessed from persistent disk storage, FSx for Windows file systems delivers up to 12 GB/s and up to 400,000 IOPS. You can also enable data compression on your file system to help increase your effective throughput.

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server supports simultaneous access from up to thousands of clients so that you can deliver shared, high-performance file storage for users or applications at scale. And FSx for Windows supports SMB Multichannel, enabling you to get up to the full throughput and IOPS levels for your file system even for just a single client.

Trường hợp sử dụng

Di chuyển máy chủ tệp Windows sang AWS

Di chuyển máy chủ tệp dựa trên Windows sang AWS, đồng thời duy trì khả năng tương thích của ứng dụng.

Tăng tốc khối lượng công việc kết hợp

Hợp nhất kho lưu trữ tại chỗ trên đám mây với quyền truy cập có độ trễ thấp vào các phần chia sẻ tệp được quản lý toàn phần thông qua Cổng tệp trên Amazon FSx

Giảm chi phí triển khai SQL Server

Chạy khối lượng công việc cơ sở dữ liệu Microsoft SQL Server có sẵn mà không cần cấp phép SQL Enterprise.

Đơn giản hóa máy tính ảo và phát trực tuyến

Lưu trữ dữ liệu hồ sơ người dùng trên bộ lưu trữ dùng chung, lâu dài, có thể truy cập từ Amazon WorkSpaces và Amazon AppStream 2.0.

Migrating your Data to Amazon FSx for Windows File Server with AWS DataSync
Migrating your Data to Amazon FSx for Windows File Server with AWS DataSync

Administration and management

With Amazon FSx for Windows File Server, you have full flexibility and control over how you administer your file systems. You can manage your file systems using the AWS Management Console, AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI), and AWS SDK. You also have access to a rich set of Windows Server administrative features including end-user file restore, user quotas, and Access Control Lists (ACLs).

Amazon FSx for Windows File Server integrates with your on-premises Microsoft Active Directory or AWS Microsoft Managed AD to let you control user access; with AWS CloudTrail to let you monitor and log administration actions; with Amazon CloudWatch to let you monitor file system storage and performance; with AWS CloudFormation to let you model, provision, and manage file systems efficiently; with AWS Backup to let you create policy-driven backup plans; with Amazon Kendra to let you index and search documents stored on your file systems; and with Amazon ECS to enable persistent, shared storage for containerized applications.

Additional considerations

In addition, note the following:

  • You can use each AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key on up to 125 Amazon FSx file systems.

  • For a list of AWS Regions where you can create file systems, see Amazon FSx Endpoints and Quotas in the AWS General Reference.

  • You map your file shares from Amazon EC2 instances in your virtual private cloud (VPC) with their Domain Name Service (DNS) names.

FSX File share
FSX File share

Supported clients

Amazon FSx supports connecting to your file system from a wide variety of compute instances and operating systems. It does this by supporting access through the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol, versions 2.0 through 3.1.1.

The following AWS compute instances are supported for use with Amazon FSx:

  • Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances, including Microsoft Windows, Mac, Amazon Linux and Amazon Linux 2 instances. For more information, see Accessing file shares.

  • Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) containers. For more information, see FSx for Windows File Server volumes in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

  • WorkSpaces instances – To learn more, see the AWS blog post Using FSx for Windows File Server with Amazon WorkSpaces

  • Amazon AppStream 2.0 instances – To learn more, see the AWS blog post Using Amazon FSx with Amazon AppStream 2.0

  • VMs running in VMware Cloud on AWS environments – To learn more, see the AWS blog post Storing and Sharing Files with FSx for Windows File Server in a VMware Cloud on AWS Environment

The following operating systems are supported for use with Amazon FSx:

  • Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2019, and Windows Server 2022.

  • Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10 (including the Windows 7 and Windows 10 desktop experiences of WorkSpaces), and Windows 11.

  • Linux, using the


    cifs-utils

    tool.

  • macOS

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See more here: kientrucannam.vn

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